Lifespan Development Psychology

The flashcards below were created by user jmali921 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Semiotic function
    the understanding that one object or behaviour can represent another
  2. egocentrism
    the young child's belief that everyone sees and experiences the world the way she does
  3. preoperational stage
    piaget's second stage of cognitive development, during which children become proficient in the use of symbols in thinking and communicating but still have difficulty thinking logically
  4. centration
    the child's tendency to think of the world in terms of one variable at a time
  5. conservation
    the understanding that matter can change in appearance without changing in quantity
  6. theory of mind
    a set of ideas constructed by a child or an adult to explain other people's ideas, beliefs, desire and behaviours
  7. false belief principle
    the ability to look at a problem or situation from another person's point of view and discern what kind of information would cause that persona to believe something that isn't true
  8. Short-terms storage space (STSS)
    neo-Piagetian Robbie Case's term for working memory
  9. operational efficiency
    refers to the maximum number of schemes that cane processed in working memory at one time
  10. metamemory
    knowledge about how memory works and the ability to control and reflect on one's own memory function
  11. metacognition
    knowledge about how the mind thinks and the ability to control and reflect on one's own thought process
  12. fast-mapping
    the ability to categorically link new words to real-world referents
  13. grammar explosion
    period when the grammatical features of children's speech become more similar to those of adult speech
  14. phonological awareness
    children's understanding of the sound patterns of the language they are acquiring
  15. receptive vocabulary
    the words that are understood when heard
  16. expressive vocabulary
    the words who's meaning is used correctly when speaking
  17. Intelligence Quotient
    the ratio of mental age to chronological age
  18. fluid reasoning
    the ability to manipulate and use information in a reasoning process
  19. overregularization
    attachment of regular inflections to irregular words, such as the substation for goed instead of went 
  20. preschoolers with good phonological awareness often use a strategy called ____ _____ when they attempt to write
    invented spelling
  21. The formula for calculating IQ
    mental age/chronological age x 100
  22. name some limitations of the IQ test
    • do not measure underlying competence 
    • do not measure a host of skill required for getting along in the world
    • they do not indicate anything about a persons creativity, insight, street smarts, ability to read social ques
  23. define the 4 stages of grammar explosion
    • inflections
    • questions and negatives
    • overregularization
    • complex sentences
Card Set:
Lifespan Development Psychology
2015-03-18 00:02:53
chapter7 chapter8

chapter 7 and 8/midterm II
Show Answers: