Worldview midterm

Card Set Information

Worldview midterm
2015-03-18 22:08:54
Baptist college florida worldview midterm

Worldview midterm
Show Answers:

  1. Metanarrative
    All inclusive story that seeks to define the whole of reality
  2. General revelation
    God's self revelation through nature, history, and human conscience to all people
  3. Special revelation
    God's revelation of himself to certain people at certain times. The means of salvation.
  4. Humanism
    worldview based on atheism and naturalism. man is the measure of all things. man determines truth and morals.
  5. Pantheism
    identifies nature with god. God is everything and everything is god.
  6. Religious pluralism
    toleration of all religions because no one religion is true
  7. Mind/body dualism
    the belief that mind and body exist separately. the mind is not just matter.
  8. Naturalism (philosophical materialism)
    all reality is fundamentally material and all phenomena can be explained in terms of natural causes.
  9. Non-naturalism
    the belief that everything is a part of God and in essence, spiritual. The things that we can see and feel are only a manifestation of spirit, and all matter will melt away when universal consciousness is achieved.
  10. Anti-realism
    reality is subjectively constructed by human thought
  11. Moral relativism
    no absolute moral code exists. man determines what is right in each situation.
  12. Utilitarianism
    An ethical framework that posits that all action should be directed toward achieving the greatest utility for the greatest number of people (that the end justifies the means)
  13. Cultural relativism
    The belief that truth and morals are relative to one's culture.
  14. Be able to list the five pillars of Islam
    • 1. confession of faith
    • 2. prayer
    • 3. fasting during Ramadan
    • 4. almsgiving
    • 5. pilgrimage
    • 6. jihad
  15. Karma
    the total effect of a person's actions and conduct during each phase of existence. determines a person's destiny.
  16. Nietzsche
  17. Michel Foucault
  18. John Dewey
    Secular Humanism
  19. Peter Angeles
    Secular Humanism
  20. Paul Kurtz
    Secular Humanism
  21. Bertrand Russell
    Secular Humanism
  22. Frederick Engels
  23. V. I. Lenin
  24. Mao
  25. Karl Marx
  26. Walsh
    Cosmic Humanism
  27. Chopra
    Cosmic Humanism
  28. Shirley MacLaine
    Cosmic Humanism
  29. David Spangler
    Cosmic Humanism
  30. Voltaire
  31. Locke
  32. Benjamin Franklin
  33. Jaucques Derrida
    Post modernism
  34. Richard Rorty
    Post modernism
  35. Thomas Jefferson
  36. Thomas Paine
  37. deism
    says there is a god but that this god is not involved in the world
  38. postmodernism
    denies that truth is accessible tohumans
  39. The Hadith
    the traditions of the teachings, rulings, and actions of muhammad and his companions.
  40. Cosmology
    The study of the structure, origin, and design of the universe
  41. metaphysics
    The study of ultimate reality
  42. epistemology
    The study of knowledge
  43. ontology
    The study of the existence of being
  44. The Kalam Cosmological Argument
    A rational reflection of three exhaustive dilemmas regarding the origin of the cosmos: 1) Did the universe have a beginning or has it always existed? 2) Was the beginning caused or uncaused? 3) Is the agent of cause personal or impersonal?
  45. Dialectical Materialism
    The dialectic says that in everything there is a thesis (the way things are) and an antithesis (an opposition to the way things are), which must inevitably clash. The result of the struggle and merging that comes from the clash is the synthesis, which becomes the new thesis. This new thesis will eventually attract another antithesis, and produce a new synthesis.
  46. Mind/Body Dualism
    Contends that the body is material in substance while the mind is immaterial
  47. How Noebel says Muslims interpret John 14:16
    The helper mentioned in the verse is Muhammad.
  48. How Sire explains theistic
    Sire pages 117-143
  49. Sire’s seven basic questions that he uses to
    evaluate a worldview
    • 1) What is prime reality--the really real?
    • 2) What is the nature of external reality, that is, the world around me?
    • 3) What is a human being?
    • 4) What happens to a person at death?
    • 5) Why is it possible to know anything at all?
    • 6) How do we know what is right and wrong?
    • 7) What is the meaning of human history?
    • 8) What personal, life-orienting core commitments are consistent with this worldview?