Medical Terminology Chapter 12

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Medical Terminology Chapter 12
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Medical Terminology Chapter 12
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  1. upper lateral regions beneath the ribs
    hypochondriac regions
  2. Upper middle region below the sternum
    Epigastric region
  3. middle lateral regions
    Lumbar regions
  4. Region of the navel
    Umbilical region
  5. Lower lateral groin regions
    inguinal regions
  6. Region below the navel
    Hypogastric region
  7. Loss of appetite
    anorexia
  8. Inability to swallow
    Aphagia
  9. Accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
    Ascites
  10. in the cheek
    buccal
  11. frequent loose or liquid stools
    diarrhea
  12. Infrequent or incomplete bowel movements characterized by hardened, dry stool that is difficult to pass
    Constipation
  13. Indigestion
    dyspepsia
  14. difficulty in swallowing
    dysphagia
  15. belch
    eructation
  16. gas in the stomach or intestines
    flatulence
  17. bad breath
    halitosis
  18. vomiting blood
    hematemesis
  19. red blood in stool
    hematochezia
  20. enlargement of the liver
    hepatomegaly
  21. excessive level of bilirubin in the blood
    hyperbilirubinemia
  22. yellow discoloration of the skin, sclera, and other tissues caused by excessive bilirubin in the blood
    icterus or jaundice
  23. dark-colored, tarry stool caused by old blood
    melena
  24. feeling sick in the stomach
    nausea
  25. feces containing fat
    steatorrhea
  26. under the tongue
    sublingual or hypoglossal
  27. tongue-tie; a defect of the tongue characterized by a short, thick frenulum
    ankyloglossia
  28. inflammation of the lip
    cheilitis
  29. swollen, twisted veins in the esophagus that are especially susceptible to ulceration and hemorrhage
    esophageal varices
  30. inflammation of the esophagus
    esophagitis
  31. inflammation of the stomach
    gastritis
  32. backflow of contents of the stomach into the esophagus, often resulting from abnormal function of lower esophageal sphincter, causing burning pain in the esophagus
    Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  33. inflammation of the gums
    gingivitis
  34. inflammation of the tongue
    glossitis
  35. Inflammation of the parotid glands
    Parotiditis or parotitis
  36. sore on the mucous membrane of the stomach, duodenum, or any other part of the gastrointestinal system exposed to gastric juices
    peptic ulcer disease (PUD)
  37. ulcer located in stomach
    gastric ulcer
  38. ulcer located in the duodenum
    duodenal ulcer
  39. narrowed condition of the pylorus
    pyloric stenosis
  40. inflammation of a salivary gland
    sialoadenitis
  41. inflammation of the mouth
    stomatitis
  42. an abnormal, tube-like passageway from the anus that may connect with the rectum
    anal fistula
  43. inflammation of the appendix
    appendicitis
  44. inflammation of the colon
    colitis
  45. chronic inflammation of the colon with ulcerations
    ulcerative colitis
  46. benign tissue growths on the mucous membrane lining the large intestine and rectum; adenomatous types are precancerous and likely to develop into malignancy
    colorectal polyps
  47. projected on a stalk
    pediculated polyp
  48. lying flat on the surface
    sessile polyp
  49. An abnormal side pocket in the gastrointestinal tract
    diverticulum
  50. presence of diverticula in the gastrointestinal tract
    diverticulosis
  51. inflammation of diverticula
    diverticulitis
  52. inflammation of the intestine characterized by frequent, blood stools
    dysentery
  53. inflammation of the small intestine
    enteritis
  54. swollen, twisted vein in the anal region
    hemorrhoid
  55. protrusion of a part from its normal location
    hernia
  56. protrusion of a part of the stomach upward through the opening in the diaphragm
    hiatal hernia
  57. protrusion of a loop of the intestine through layers of the abdominal wall in the inguinal region
    inguinal hernia
  58. hernia that is swollen and fixed within a sac, causing an obstruction
    incarcerated hernia
  59. hernia that is constricted, cut off from circulation, and likely to become gangrenous
    strangulated hernia
  60. protrusion of the intestine through a weakness in the abdominal wall around the umbilicus
    umbilical hernia
  61. inflammation of the lower portion of the small intestine
    ileitis
  62. prolapse of one part of the intestine into the lumen of the adjoining part
    intussusception
  63. inflammation of the peritoneum
    peritonitis
  64. inflammation of the rectum and the anus
    proctitis
  65. twisting of the bowel on itself, causing obstruction
    volvulus
  66. inflammation of the bile ducts
    cholangitis
  67. inflammation of the gallbladder
    cholecystitis
  68. presence of stones in the common bile duct
    choledocholithiasis
  69. presence of stones in the gallbladder or bile ducts
    cholelithiasis
  70. chronic disease characterized by generation of liver tissue
    cirrhosis
  71. inflammation of the liver
    hepatitis
  72. inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus, usually transmitted orally through fecal contamination of food or water
    Hepatitis A
  73. Inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis B virus, which is transmitted sexually or by exposure to contaminated blood or body fluid
    hepatitis B
  74. inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis C virus, which is transmitted by exposure to infected blood; this strain is rarely contracted sexually
    hepatitis C
  75. inflammation of the pancreas
    pancreatitis
  76. puncture of the abdomen for aspiration of fluid
    abdominocentesis
  77. puncture of the abdomen for aspiration of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
    abdominal paracentesis
  78. excision of an anal fistula
    anal fistulectomy
  79. union of two hollow vessels; a technique used in bowel surgery
    anastomosis
  80. excision of a diseased appendix
    appendectomy
  81. Treatment of morbid obesity by surgery to the stomach and/or intestines; procedures include restrictive techniques that limit the size of the stomach and malabsorptive techniques that limit the absorption of food
    bariatric surgery
  82. repair to the lips
    cheiloplasty
  83. excision of the gallbladder
    cholecystectomy
  84. excision of the gallbladder through a laparoscope
    laparoscopic cholecystectomy
  85. creation of an opening in the colon through the abdominal wall to create an abdominal anus, allowing stool to bypass a disease portion of the colon
    colostomy
  86. repair of the esophagus
    esophagoplasty
  87. partial or complete removal of the stomach
    gastrectomy
  88. partial removal and repair of the stomach
    gastric resection
  89. formation of an artificial opening between the stomach and small intestine
    gastroenterostomy
  90. excision of all or part of the tongue
    glossectomy
  91. suture of the tongue
    glossorrhaphy
  92. excision of hemorrhoids
    hemorrhoidectomy
  93. excision of a lobe of the liver
    hepatic lobectomy
  94. repair of a hernia
    herniorrhaphy or hernioplasty
  95. surgical creation of an opening on the abdomen to which the end of the ileum is attached, providing a passageway for ileal discharges
    ileostomy
  96. abdominal surgery using a laparoscope
    laparoscopic surgery
  97. incision into the abdomen
    laparotomy
  98. excision of the pancreas
    pancreatectomy
  99. excision of polyps
    polypectomy
  100. repair of the anus and rectum
    proctoplasty
  101. oral insertion of a tube into the stomach for examination and treatment, such to remove blood clots from the stomach or to monitor bleeding
    gastric lavage
  102. insertion of a tube through the nose and into the stomach for various purposes, such as to obtain a gastric fluid specimen for analysis
    nasogastric (NG) intubation
  103. drug that neutralizes stomach acid
    antacid
  104. drug that prevents or stops vomiting
    antiemetic
  105. drug that decreases motility in the gastrointestinal tract to arrest spasm or diarrhea
    antispasmodic
  106. drug that causes movement of the bowels, also called a laxative
    cathartic

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