Medical Terminology Chapter 15

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Medical Terminology Chapter 15
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2015-03-17 04:32:33
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Medical Terminology Quiz 13
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Medical Terminology Chapter 15 WSU
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  1. absence of menstruation
    amenorrhea
  2. painful menstruation
    dysmenorrhea
  3. scanty menstrual period
    oligomenorrhea
  4. absence of ovulation
    anovulation
  5. painful intercourse
    dysparenunia
  6. abnormal white or yellow vaginal discharge
    leukorrhea
  7. excessive bleeding at the time of menstruation
    menorrhagia
  8. bleeding from the uterus at any time other than normal menstruation
    metrorrhagia
  9. irregular ovulation
    oligo-ovulation
  10. inflammation of the cervix
    cervicitis
  11. birth defects that cause abnormal development of an organ or structure
    congenital anomalies or irregularities
  12. congenital tumor composed of displaced embryonic tissue; typically found in an ovary and usually benign
    dermoid cyst
  13. displacement of the uterus from its normal position
    displacement of uterus
  14. abnormal forward bending of the uterus
    anteflexion
  15. abnormal backward bending of the uterus
    retroflexion
  16. backward turn of the whole uterus
    retroversion
  17. condition characterized by migration of portions of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity
    endometriosis
  18. inflammation of the endometrium
    endometritis
  19. benign tumor in the uterus composed of smooth muscle and fibrous connective tissue
    fibroid or fibromyoma or leiomyoma
  20. abnormal passage, such as from one hollow organ to another
    fistula
  21. abnormal opening between the vagina and rectum
    rectovaginal fistula
  22. abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina
    vesicovaginal fistula
  23. abnormal development of cervical tissue cells
    cervical neoplasia
  24. potentially cancerous abnormality of epithelial tissue of the cervix, graded according to the extent of abnormal cell formation
    cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) or cervical dysplasia
  25. malignant cell changes of the cervix that are localized, without any spread of adjacent structures
    carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the cervix
  26. cessation of menstrual periods caused by lack of ovarian hormones
    menopause
  27. inflammation of one or both ovaries
    oophoritis
  28. cyst of the uterine tube
    parovarian cyst
  29. scarring of tissue within the pelvic cavity resulting from endometriosis, infection, or injury
    pelvic adhesions
  30. inflammation of organs in the pelvic cavity; usually includes the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and endometrium
    pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  31. relaxation of supportive ligaments of the pelvic organs
    pelvic floor relaxation
  32. pouching of the bladder into the vagina
    cystocele
  33. pouching of the rectum into the vagina
    rectocele
  34. pouching sac of peritoneum between the vagina and the rectum
    enterocele
  35. pouching of the urethra into the vagina
    urehtrocele
  36. descent of the uterus down the vaginal canal
    prolapse
  37. inflammation of a fallopian tube
    salpingitis
  38. inflammation of the vagina with redness, swelling, and irritation
    vaginitis
  39. thinning of the vagina, with little or no inflammation, characterized by milk-like discharge and an unpleasant odor
    vaginosis
  40. malignant tumor of glandular breast tissue
    adenocarcinoma of the breast
  41. absence of a breast
    amastia
  42. benign condition of the breast consisting of fibrous and cystic changes that render the tissue more dense
    fibrocystic breasts
  43. development of mammary glands in the male caused by altered hormone levels
    gynecomastia
  44. abnormally large breasts
    hypermastia or macromastia
  45. unusually small breasts
    hypomastia or micromastia
  46. inflammation of the breast; most commonly occurs in women who are breastfeeding
    mastitis
  47. presence of more than two breasts
    polymastia
  48. presence of more than one nipple on a breast
    polythelia or supernumerary nipples
  49. breaking down or serving of pelvic adhesions
    adhesiolysis or adhesiotomy
  50. removal of a cone-shaped portion of the cervix
    cervical conization
  51. suture to repair the vagina
    colporrhaphy
  52. repair of a cystocele
    colporrhaphy anterior repair
  53. repair of a rectocele
    colporrhaphy posterior repair
  54. anterior and posterior repair of cystocele and rectocele
    colporrhaphy A&P repair
  55. dilation of the cervix and scraping of the endometrium to control bleeding, to obtain tissue for biopsy, or to remove polyps or products of conception
    dilation and curettage (D&C)
  56. removal of the uterus
    hysterectomy
  57. removal of the uterus through an incision in the abdomen
    abdominal hysterectomy
  58. removal of the uterus through the vagina
    vaginal hysterectomy
  59. removal of the uterus and the cervix
    total hysterectomy
  60. inspection of the abdominal or pelvic cavity with a laparoscope, which is an endoscope used to examine the abdominal and pelvic regions
    laparoscopy
  61. surgical procedures within the abdominal or pelvic region using a laparoscope
    laparoscopic surgery
  62. use of laser to destroy lesion or to dissect or cut tissue; used frequently in gynecology
    laser surgery
  63. use of electrosurgical or radio waves transformed through a loop-configured electrosurgical device to treat precancerous cervical lesions by simultaneous excisional biopsy and treatment of affected tissue
    loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) or large-loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ)
  64. excision of fibroid tumors
    myomectomy
  65. excision of an ovary
    oophorectomy
  66. excision of an ovarian cyst
    ovarian cystectomy
  67. excision of a uterine tube
    salpingectomy
  68. excision of both urine tubes and ovaries
    bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
  69. incision into a fallopian tube; often performed to remove an ectopic pregnancy
    salpingotomy
  70. creation of an opening in the fallopian tube to open a blockage
    salpingostomy
  71. sterilization of a women by cutting and tying the uterine tubes
    tubal ligation
  72. excision of a breast tumor without removing any other tissue or lymph nodes
    lumpectomy
  73. removal of a breast
    mastectomy
  74. removal of an entire breast along with the underlying muscle and axillary lymph nodes left intact
    simple mastectomy
  75. removal of an entire breast and lymph nodes of the axilla
    modified radical mastectomy
  76. surgical reconstruction of a breast
    mammoplasty
  77. reconstruction to enlarge the breast, often by insertion of an implant
    augmentation mammoplasty
  78. reconstruction to remove excessive breast tissue
    reduction mammoplasty
  79. elevation of pendulous breast tissue
    mastopexy
  80. a pregnant woman; followed by a number indicates the number of pregnancies
    gravida
  81. having never been pregnant
    nulligravida
  82. first pregnancy
    primigravida
  83. to bear; a women who has produced one or more viable offspring
    para
  84. a woman who has not born a child
    nullipara
  85. first delivery
    primipara
  86. a woman who has given birth to two or more children
    multipara
  87. progressive obliteration of the endocervical canal during delivery
    cervical effacement
  88. expected date for delivery of the baby; normally 280 days or 40 weeks from last menstrual period
    estimated date of confinement (EDC) or estimated date of delivery (EDD)
  89. presence of meconium in amniotic fluid
    meconium staining
  90. rupture of the amniotic sac, usually at onset of labor
    ruptured membranes
  91. large-bodied baby commonly seen in diabetic pregnancies
    macrosomia
  92. excessive amniotic fluid
    polyhydramnios
  93. expulsion of the product of conception before the fetus is viable
    abortion (AB)
  94. miscarriage; naturally occurring expulsion of the products of conception
    spontaneous abortion (SAB)
  95. spontaneous abortion occurring in three or more consecutive pregnancies
    habitual abortion
  96. incomplete expulsion of the products of conception
    incomplete abortion
  97. death of a fetus or embryo within the uterus that is not naturally expelled after death
    missed abortion
  98. bleeding with the threat of miscarriage
    threatened abortion
  99. condition preventing normal delivery through the birth canal; either the baby's head is too large or the birth canal is too small
    cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD)
  100. true toxemia of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure, albuminuria, edema of the legs and feet, sever headaches, dizziness, convulsion, and coma
    eclampsia
  101. toxemia of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure, albuminuria, edema of the legs and feet, and puffiness of the face, without convulsion or coma
    preeclampsia or pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH)
  102. implantation of the fertilized egg outside the uterine cavity, often in the tube or ovary, or, rarely, in the abdominal cavity
    ectopic pregnancy
  103. disorder that results from the incompatibility of a fetus with an Rh-positive blood factor and a mother with an Rh-negative blood factor, causing red blood cell destruction in the fetus
    erythroblastosis fetalis
  104. presence or lack, of antigens on the surface of red blood cells that may cause a reaction between the blood of the mother and the fetus, resulting in fetal anemia
    Rh factor
  105. presence of antigens
    Rh positive
  106. absence of antigens
    Rh negative
  107. sever nausea and vomiting in pregnancy that can cause sever dehydration in the mother and fetus
    hyperemesis gravidarum
  108. fetal aspiration of amniotic fluid containing meconium
    meconium aspiration
  109. displaced attachment of the placenta in the lower regions of the uterine cavity
    placenta previa
  110. premature detachment of a normally situated placenta
    abruptio placentae
  111. surgical delivery of a baby via an incision through the abdomen and into the uterus
    cesarean section (C-section)
  112. dilation of the cervix and removal of the products of conception; most commonly performed in the second trimester of pregnancy, after a missed abortion
    dilation and evacuation (D&E)
  113. incision of the perineum of facilitate delivery of a baby
    episiotomy
  114. introduction of a solution into the amniotic sac; an isotonic solution is most commonly used to relieve fetal distress
    amnioinfusion
  115. abortion induced by mechanical means or by drugs for medical reasons
    therapeutic abortion (TAB)
  116. manual method for reversing the position of the fetus, usually done to facilitate delivery
    version
  117. abdominal manipulation
    external version
  118. intravaginal manipulation
    internal version
  119. drug that causes abortion
    abortifacient
  120. hormone secreted by the pituitary gland that causes myometrial contractions; used to induce labor
    oxytocin
  121. immunizing agent given to an Rh-negative mother within 72 hours after delivering an Rh-positive baby to suppress the Rh immune response
    Rh immune globulin
  122. drug used to stop labor contractions
    tocolytic agent

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