The speech memorized & delivered word for word or read word for word from the manuscript.
* Usally results in loss of conversational language
* Effective for historical or scientific papers
What causes nervousness?
desire to succeed
heightened emotion mistaken for fear
unfamiliar with speaking situation
conflict between the urge to communicate & the urge to withdraw
fear of not meeting a standard
What is bad about visual aids?
it could be too small for the audience to see
you could stand where your blocking your visual aid
it could take away from what you are saying
Can you control nervousness?
use it to your advantage
realize everyone experiences it
be "idea" centered not "i" centered
know your subject
be interested in what you are doing
practice, practice, practice
use visual aids
breathe properly; you are in control
What does APEC stand for?
P-Get to the Point quickly
E-Use examples to illustrate
What is good about visual aids?
Makes the speech easy to remember for the speaker & the audience
Capture the attention of an audience if exhibited moment without comment.
What is an Impromptu speech?
The speech delivered on th spur of the moment
What makes a bad speech opening?
Unnecessary introductory remarks
What makes a good speech opening?
* Openings which provoke the curiosity of the audience may vary from mild shocking statements
Tell a Story
* A human interest story is an effective opening
Exhibit and article
* Exhibition of an object as a speech opening will capture the greatest attention is if is exhibited for a moment without comment.
Ask a question
*quote a famous or important person
*state a shocking fact
*begin with a specific illustration
What is an extemporaneous speech?
The speech spoken from notes & not written out.
The extemporaneous method of speaking from a prepared speech outline permits a more friendly & expressive eye contact than from memorization.
What does audience awareness involve?
I. analyze the audience in shoosing your speech material
b. Social Status
c. Economic Status
g. Personal Attitudes
h. Common Interests
i. Mood of the Audience
k. Auditorium & Seating
II. Impressing the audience; attitude & appearance do impress an audience
* solicit a warm response from the audience by assuming a friendly attitude-Smile
* Do not assume a stiff air of superiority
* Check your physical appearance-suit/dress pressed, shoes shined, hair neat & clean, etc.
III. Talk to the audience as a whole-group the crowd together for maximum audience response
Look at you audience-proper eye contact is very important
Getting the audience to accept you
Indicate personal association. ( I too, am a interested citizen...")
Identify with generally accepted or approved ideals. Values & principles. (Have something in common with them....be trusted)
Identify with your listeners' beliefs, desires or welfare. (Like you I want...or believe in...etc.)
Base your reasoning on deep seated wants-amoung these are the basic physical wants, a desire for safety & security, a need for love & a striving for individuality & selffulfillment.
Is preparation & rehearsal a good idea?
Understanding good closings & effective endings
*The closing should be emphasize the thought the speaker wished the audience to retain.
*Make the ending interesting, brief & to the point
* Don't say the obvious-"that's the way I see it anyway"
*Don't be trite-"In comclusion I would like to say"
*Don't use an insincere compliment in closing
*Don't ramble through the ending
* Effective for re-emphasizing
* Essential when multiple phases of a subject are covered
*Appeal for action
*May be mild or strong
*May apply to emotional appeal
*Ask them to act
*should be the goal of most good speakers
What can you do to improve as a public speaker?
Discover & recognize your needs & abilities as a speaker
Become familar with the goals you must obtain & the pathways you must follow to achieve them.
Supplant any old, undesirable habits with new & more desirable ones, through practices & rehearsal before & after speaking
What are the do's & dont's of microphone usage?
Should be titled upward to about the level of your chin
Stand back or to the side so that your mouth is 10-12 inches from the mike
Try to avoid the mike obscuring your face
If you hear your voice coming back you are too close
Your mouth should remain the same distance from the mike at all times
Avoid speaking in a voice too loud or too low
Keep your arms free-dont' handle the mike after you start speaking
If your demonstration requires walking some distance from the lectern, it is advisable to have a poratable mike.
Know what makes a good Chairperson or Toastmaster
Chairperson- Serves as a host for other speakers
*While making an introduction the chairperson should not attempt to impress others with their ability as a speaker
* Duty is to get the speakers off to a good start
* Not necessary to mention the speakers name first in the introduction
Toastmaster- has the responsibility of making the activities go smoother
* should learn the theme & background of each speaker
Know the general tips for the use of notes & note cards
Plan how to handle them-placement
Should consit of an outline of your speech
Can be on the margin of manuscript
Put them in place before you begin
Practice with your notes
Learn to carry them in either hand for better gesturing
Have enough light to read
Leave the notes in one place
Remember not to place them behind you
Don't fumble with them
Don't talk to them
Don't be afraid of forgetting
How can the speaker use audience awareness to an advantage?
Solicit a warm response
Check physical appearance
Talk to the audience as a whole
Look at the audience
What is the importance of public speaking to the average person?
What is the importance of public speaking to the funeral director?
Different occasions will arise in most lifetimes, when addressing an audience.
Becoming a civic, social or professional, obligations; may not be avoidable but, welcomed to the funeral director as well as the community, the ability to speak effectively & to the point may be acquired & can be an instrument of power & usefulness.
What are some tips for getting the audience to accept you as a speaker?
What are the guidelines for proper enunciation, pronunciation & language?
a. use picture building words
b. be original-don't use trite words & phrases; tired as a dog
c. don't use Uh
d. avoid using the wrong words
e. dont use bad grammer
f. avoid technical jargon
g. keep your average sentence short
h. don't make conspicuous, slovenly or careless mispronunciations
i. use slang sparingly
j. avoid excessive use of big words
Enunciation & Pronunciation
a. articulate your syllables as clearly a possible
b. open your mouth & let the vowels come forth
c. don't smother your consonants or lose them at the end of words
Tips & guidelines
a. Gesture & words they accompany not necessarily at the same time
b. Gesture precedes the words
c. Purposeful brief & intentional movement
d. gesticulations-nervous twitches
e. only natural gestures should be used
f. people do notlike a finger pointed at them
g. do not use the same one over and over
h. many parts of the body should be coordinated in the same gesture
a. leave hands free
b. use your hands natually to describe something or to bring home a point
c. don't make movements that have nothing to do with your talk
a. look pleasant; not grim
b. be sincere; not silly
c. look enthusiastic; not bored
d. smile & use plenty of facial responsiveness
a. watch the faces of the audience to keep them alet
b. Platform position
c. place weight on balls of the feet-makes speaker look alert
d. face the audience
e. stand still
f. stand erect
g. watch your nervous habit
h. don't smoke
components & definitions of the voice
Voice-should be animated with continuous changes of pitch, volume & rate of speed; used to hold attention.
Volume-Loudness; address yourself to the back row
Pitch-Frequency of vibrations in sound; use natural pitch
Tone-quality of voice; provides color that makes speakers voice express feeling & thought
Modulation & Accet-Manipulate volume, pitch & tone to obtain desired effects; pauses