Test 2 Fed govt

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Author:
Hfowler51
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298613
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Test 2 Fed govt
Updated:
2015-03-17 15:08:06
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Government
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Description:
Ch 5-8
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  1. The attitudes that people have about issues events, elected officials, politics and policy.
    public opinion
  2. the basic principles that shape a person's opinions about political issues and events
    political values (beliefs)
  3. a specific view on a particular issue, event or personality
    Political Attitudes (opinion)
  4. 4 agencies of political socialization
    • 1. Family
    • 2. Membership in social groups
    • 3. Education
    • 4. Political Environment
  5. What do most Americans consider themselves?
    moderate with shades of liberal or conservative values
  6. 3 forces that shape individuals opinions
    • 1. Government; political leaders
    • 2. Private Group
    • 3. News media
  7. 6 potential problems about polling
    • 1. Social desirability effects
    • 2. Selection Bias
    • 3. Push Polling
    • 4. Bandwagon effect
    • 5. measurement error
    • 6. Illusion of saliency
  8. questions in which respondents feel social pressure to answer  a certain way.
    Social desirability effects
  9. polling error that arises when the sample is not representative of the population being studied
    Selection bias
  10. polling technique in which questions are designed to shape the respondent's opinion
    Push Polling
  11. a shift in electoral support to the candidate whom public-opinion polls report as the front-runner
    Bandwagon effect
  12. failure to identify the true distribution of opinion within a population because of errors such as ambiguous or poorly worded questions
    measurement error
  13. the impression conveyed by polls that something is important to the public when it actually is not
    illusion of saliency
  14. organized groups that attempt to influence the government by electing their members to important government offices
    political parties concerned with personnel
  15. interest groups are concerned with
    policy
  16. 6 things political parties do?
    • 1. parties recruit candidates
    • 2. organize nominations
    • 3. get out the vote
    • 4. help the voter decide
    • 5. organize power in congress
    • 6. depends upon union support
  17. what happened to the 1st party system (feds and jeffersonian republicans)
    Feds collapse after being associated with pro-british sympathies in the War of 1812
  18. What happened to the 2nd party system? (Democrats and whigs)
    conflicts over slavery divided whigs and democrats; whig supporters go to Republican party
  19. What happened to the 4th Party System? (Republicans and Democrats)
    Economy collapses/Republican blamed (Hoover)
  20. point in history when a new party replaces the ruling party
    Electorial Realignment
  21. 5 realignments
    • 1. 1800-Jeffersonian Democratic Republicans dominate
    • 2. 1828- Jacksonian Democrats dominate
    • 3. 1860- Republicans/Democrats balanced
    • 4. 1896- Republicans dominate
    • 5. 1932- Democrats dominate
  22. Why is a America a 2-party system?
    The number is determined by the electoral system
  23. 4 reasons why 3rd parties do not last
    • 1. parts of their programs may be adopted by major parties to appeal to voters mobilized by the new party
    • 2. Some 3rd parties are absorbed
    • 3. Assumptions only major candidates will win
    • 4. hampered by Americas electoral system
  24. candidate need receive only the most votes in the election, not a majority of votes cast
    plurality system
  25. an individual voters psychological ties to one party or another
    Party ID
  26. what is the most common form of political participation
    voting
  27. based on level of education, income and job prestige
    socioeconomic status
  28. 3 elements required for political participation
    • 1. resources
    • 2. civic engagement
    • 3. recruitment
  29. 3 factors that influence voter's decision at polls
    • 1. partisan loyalty
    • 2. Issue and policy concerns
    • 3. Candidate characteristics
  30. select candidates to run in the general election (absolute majority)
    Primary elections
  31. decisive electoral contest, winner is elected to office for a specified term (plurality)
    General elections
  32. voters can wait until primary to choose party to select candidates for general elections
    Open primary
  33. voters can participate in candidate's nomination but only for the party in which they have been enrolled for a period of time prior to primary
    Closed Primary
  34. "Winner take all" or "first past the post". to win a candidate needs to receive only the most vote
    plurality
  35. 50% plus 1 vote
    majority system
  36. multiple member district system that allows each political party representation in proportion to its percentage of the total vote
    Proportional Representation
  37. __+__ =(congress) electoral votes
    House + Senate
  38. ___+___ +3 electoral votes for DC= _ electoral votes
    435 house of representatives+ 100 Senators + 3= 538 electoral votes
  39. 5 sources that fund political campaigns
    • 1. Individual Donors
    • 2. Political Action Committee (PAC)
    • 3. Independent Spending
    • 4. Public Funding
    • 5. The candidates
  40. provides for public funding of presidential campaigns. Candidates who do not accept public finding are not bound by expenditure limits
    Public Funding
  41. wealthy are better organized than the poor
    theory of pluralism
  42. 6 forms of interest groups and examples
    • 1. Business and ag groups-Ex American farm Bureau Federation
    • 2. Labor groups- Ex. United Mine Workers
    • 3. Professional associations- Ex. American Medical Association
    • 4. Public interest groups- Ex. Sierra club
    • 5. Ideological groups- Ex. American way/Christian Coalition
    • 6. Public Sector groups- Ex. League of Cities
  43. 4 Organizational components of interest groups
    • 1. leadership
    • 2. money (most important)
    • 3. agency or office
    • 4. members (most important)
  44. 6 Functions of interest groups
    • 1. represent interests of their members
    • 2. encourage political participation
    • 3. enhance democracy
    • 4. educate and mobilize voters
    • 5. lobby govt officials
    • 6. monitor govt activity
  45. benefits sought by groups that are broadly available and cannot be denied to nonmembers
    Collective goods
  46. 4 selective benefits offered by interest groups
    • 1. Information benefits
    • 2. Material benefits
    • 3. solidarity benefits
    • 4. Purposive benefits
  47. AARP members
    36 million members/annual income of 900 million dollars
  48. 3 primary characteristics of interest groups
    • 1. higher incomes
    • 2. higher education
    • 3. management or professional occupation
  49. Primary purpose of PAC's
    to raise and distribute furs for use in election campaign

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