Phlebotomy chpter #1

Card Set Information

Phlebotomy chpter #1
2010-08-14 13:24:30
phlebotomy chapter

Show Answers:

  1. Define preanalytical
    all processes that it takes to collect specimen and get it to the point in which the testing of the specimen can occur
  2. Define analytical
    all processes that are done to perform the test on the specimen to achieve a result
  3. Define postanalytical
    the processes whereby the results of the testing are communicated to the physician
  4. Define ethics
    is being professional
  5. Define advance directive and explain how it can help you and the health care facility
    • documents written before incapacitating illness that give instructions about a persons health care, in the future, if they can not speak for themselves.
    • A person can give instructins about the type and degree of healthcare wanted and expected in the event the person can not voice an opinion.
  6. Define HMO
    provides health coverage for both hospital and physicain services
  7. Define PPO
    contact with certain health care facilities but offer more freedom for patients to choose to whom they go
  8. Administration
    keeps hospital in compliance
  9. Electroencephalography
    diagnosis of neurophysiological disorders
  10. Electrocardiology
    monitors cardiovascular patient
  11. Enviromental service
    maintains a clean facility
  12. Food service
    provides diets to patients
  13. Labnoratory
    provides testing of patients specimen
  14. Medical records
    maintains patients records
  15. nursing
    provides direct patient care
  16. Occupational therapy
    provides therapy to help maintain living skills
  17. Pharmacy
    dispenses drugs and advise on drug usage
  18. Physical therapy
    provides therapy to restore mobility
  19. Radiology
    uses imaging for diagnosis and treatment
  20. Gastrointestinal lab
    diagnoses gastrointestinal disorders
  21. Respiratory therapy
    provides therapy to evaluate the lungs
  22. Speech therapy
    provides therapy to restore speech
  23. Neonatal
    newborn care
  24. Obstetrics
    patients in labor or childbirth
  25. Oncology
    cancer patients
  26. Orthopedics
    patients with broken bones
  27. Pediatrics
    infants and children
  28. Intensive care
    increased care due to the critical needs of the patient
  29. Coronarty care
    increased care of the patient dur to a heart condition
  30. Emergency
    emergency treatment of patients
  31. Nephrology
    dialysis patients
  32. Geriatrics
    elderly patients
  33. Phlebotomy
    collects specimens fron the patients and processes specimens for testing and transport
  34. Chemistry
    performs biochemical analyist of blood fluids to determine the status of a patient
  35. Hematology
    studies the blood in normal and diseased states. Usually limited to the study of cellular components and not chemistry og blood
  36. Coagulation
    The study of blood clotting mechanisms as an aid in diagnosis or monitoring of patient therapy
  37. Histology
    prepares body tissue samples for microscope examination by the pathologist using sophisticated equipment
  38. Urinalysis
    study of urine to aide in patients diagnosis to follow the course of a disease or the body metabolism
  39. Microbiology
    cultures specimens to determine if pathogenic organisms are present in a sample and determine the organisms sensitivity to antibiotics
  40. Immunology
    studies antigens and antibodies to determine the disease or presence of disease
  41. Immunohematology (blood bank)
    determines compatibility of blood and blood products that are to be administered to patients
  42. Cytology
    study of deficiencies related to genetic diseases
  43. Pathologist
    physician who reads and interprets the results of laboratory test or examines tissue under a microscope to diagnosis and monitor disease. requires 10 years of school
  44. Medical laboratory technician or clinical laboratory technician
    under the supervision of the medical technologist, performs general tests. Trade school
  45. Histitechnologist
    prepares body tissues samples for microscopic examination by the pathologist using sophisticated techniques such as immunohistochemistry. 4 year school
  46. Medical technologist or clinical laboratory scientist
    works in 5 major aresa of the laboratory. Blood banking, chemistry, hematology, immunology, and microbiology. requires a 4 year school
  47. Phlebotomist
    collects specimens from patients and process specimens for testing or transport. requires trade school
  48. Cytotechnologist
    examines cells under the microscope to detect signs of cancer in the earlist stages. requires a 4 year school
  49. Patient Bill of Rights
    • 1. right to considerate and respectful care
    • 2. right to and encourages to obtain from physicians and other direct caregivers relevant and understandable information concerning diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis
    • 3. right to make decisions about the plan of care prior to and during the course of treatment and to refuse a recommended treatment or plan of care
    • 4. right to have an advanced directive concerning treatment or disigning a surrogate decision maker when the exten permitted by law and hospital policy
    • 5. right to every consideration of privacy
  50. Phlebotomists are an important part of the health care team because
    A. they represent the laboratory and the institution
    B. they are in direct contact with the patient
    C. they perform tasks that are critical to the patients diagnosis
    D. all of the above
  51. Phlebotomists often have many duties and tasks. Which of the following is the primary duty
    A. specimen processing
    B. specimen accession
    C. collecting venous blood specimens
    D. collecting arterial blood specimens
  52. Which laboratory employee has the most education and acts as a consultant to other physicains?
    A. pathologist
    B. medical technologist
    C. medical laboratory technician
    D. clinical laboratory assistant
  53. When a patient refuses to have blood drawn, the phlebotomist should do all the following except
    A. contant the patients nurse or physician
    B. return the requisition to the laboratory
    C. force the patient to have blood drawn
    D. try to convince the patient to have blood drawn
  54. The most common source of laboratory error is
    A. bacterial
    B. chemical
    C. clerical
    D. technical
  55. What laboratory department tests a pap smear?
    A. chemistry
    B. cytology
    C. immunology
    D. microbiology
  56. What hospital department cares for newborn infants?
    A. oncology
    B. orthopedic
    C. nephrology
    D. neonatal
  57. What hospital department cares for cancer patients
    A. oncology
    B. orthopedic
    C. nephrology
    D. neonatal
  58. Where in the hospital would you find a patient with broken bones?
    A. orthopedic
    B. obstetric
    C. nephrology
    D. neonatal
  59. Which if the following is not a preanalytical variable of specimen collection?
    A. patient identification
    B. specimen transport
    C. skin preparation
    D. specimen testing
  60. What laboratory department tests a routine urine sapmle
    A. chemistry
    B. cytology
    C. urinalysis
    D. microbiology
  61. A geriatric patient is
    A. a patient in labor of childbirth
    B. a newborn
    C. A dialysis patient
    D. an elderly patient
  62. Pehaps the single most important step in phlebotomy ans often where an error occcurs is
    A. cleansing the site
    B. patient identification
    C. using a clean needle
    D. using the proper evacuation tube
  63. Therapeutic phlebotomy is performed as a treatment with
    A. diabetes mellitus
    B. hepatitis
    C. lymphatic leukema
    D. polycythemia vera
  64. What hospita; department performs dialysis of patients?
    A. oncology
    B. orthopediac
    C. nephrology
    D. neonatal