Y8 Space

The flashcards below were created by user SilcoatesScience on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. What causes the Earth to have seasons?
    • The tilt of the Earth
    • Image Upload
  2. Name a dwarf planet in our solar system
    • Pluto (the obvious one)
    • Ceres
    • Eris
    • Haumea
  3. Are planets closer to the Sun normally hotter or cooler?
  4. What pattern exists between the speed that a planet orbits the Sun and its distance away from Sun?
    The closer a planet is to the Sun, the faster it travels (so will have a shorter year)
  5. What shape is the Milky Way?
    A) spiral
    B) rectangular
    C) spherical
    D) square
    A) spiral
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. What is a light-year a measure of?
    A) distance
    B) time
    C) brightness
    D) temperature
    A) distance
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. What general name do we give to the different stages the moon passes through in a month?
  8. What is the name of the nearest star to Earth?
    The Sun
  9. What are constellations?
    Patterns of stars that can be seen in the night sky
  10. What do scientists think caused the craters on the moon?
    Image Upload
    Large rocks (meteorites) from space crashing into it
  11. What instrument do astronomers use to look into space?
    • telescope
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  12. How do scientists think the Universe was created?
    A) They have no idea at all
    B) It has always been there
    C) The Big Bang
    D) A supernatural being
    C) The Big Bang
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. What angle is the Earth tilted at?
    • 23.5 degrees
    • Image Upload
  14. Put the following in order of increasing size:
    solar system, universe, galaxy, atom, planet, asteroid, moon
    • atom
    • asteroid
    • moon
    • planet
    • solar system
    • galaxy
    • universe
  15. Name the planets of the solar system in order.
    • Mercury
    • Venus
    • Earth
    • Mars
    • Jupiter
    • Saturn
    • Uranus
    • Neptune
  16. What is the phase between a 1st quarter moon and a full moon?
    Waxing gibbous

    Image Upload
  17. How many separate phases does the moon pass through?
    • 8
    • Image Upload

    Image Upload
  18. What colour does the moon go during a total lunar eclipse?
    • Dark copper-red (sometimes called a blood moon)
    • Image Upload
  19. What phase of the moon comes before the first quarter?
    • waxing crescent
    • Image Upload
  20. How many days in an Earth year?
  21. What do we measure distances in space in?
    • light-years
    • Image Upload
  22. Why is it colder in winter?
    • The sun is lower in the sky, therefore the rays are spread over a larger area
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  23. Have we ever seen all of the moon from the Earth?
    No - the same half of the moon is always facing us as it rotates around the Earth
  24. What is the difference between a solar eclipse and a lunar eclipse?
    • Solar eclipse : the moon blocks the sun
    • Lunar eclipse: the Earth blocks the light shining on the moon
  25. What is it called when a moon goes around a planet or a planet around the sun?
    An orbit

    Image Upload
  26. How long does it take the Earth to make a complete rotation around its axis?
    1 day (24 hours)
  27. What is a "waning" moon doing?
    Decreasing in its visible size
  28. What is a "waxing" moon doing?
    Increasing in its visible size
  29. What is the name of the Earth's natural satellite?
    • The moon
    • Image Upload
  30. How long does it take light from the Sun to reach the Earth?
    8 minutes
  31. How long does it take the moon to orbit the Earth?
    28 days
  32. What is the Milky Way?
    • The galaxy containing the Earth
    • Image Upload
  33. Which planet is between Neptune and Saturn?
    • Uranus
    • Image Upload
  34. Is this a solar or a lunar eclipse?
    Image Upload
    A solar eclipse (since it is the Sun that is being blocked)
  35. What are the main differences between summer and winter?
    • In summer the Sun is higher in the sky which causes :
    • longer days,
    • warmer days
  36. From which direction does the sun rise:
    A) North
    B) South
    C) East
    D) West
    C) East
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. How many planets are closer to the Earth than the Sun?
    Two (Mercury and Venus)
Card Set:
Y8 Space
2015-03-21 12:40:49

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