COMM 218

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COMM 218
2015-03-20 02:27:19
comm 218
Finals winter 15
Comm 218
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  1. Need to belong
    a hypothesis that says each of us is born with a fundamental drive to seek, form, maintain, and protect strong social relationships
  2. Interpersonal attraction
    any force that draws people together to form a relationship
  3. Physical attraction
    attraction to someone's physical appearance
  4. Social attraction
    attraction to someone's personality
  5. Task attraction
    attraction to someone's abilities and dependability
  6. Uncertainty reduction theory
    a theory suggesting that people are motivated to reduce their uncertainty about others
  7. Predicted outcome value theory
    a theory predicting that we form relationships when we think the effort will be worth it
  8. Approach behaviors
    communication behaviors that signals one's interest in getting to know someone
  9. Avoidance behaviors
    communication behaviors that signal one's lack of interest in getting to know someone
  10. Social exchange theory
    a theory predicting that people seek to form and maintain relationships in which the benefits outweigh the costs
  11. Comparison level
    a person's realistic expectation of what the person wants and thinks he/she deserves from a relationship
  12. Comparison level for alternatives
    a person's assessment of how good his/her current relationship is, compared with other options
  13. Over-benefited
    the state in which one's relational rewards exceeds one's costs
  14. Under-benefited
    the state in which one's relational costs exceed one's relational rewards
  15. Equity theory
    a theory predicting that a good relationship is one in which a person's ratio of costs and rewards is equal to that of the person's partner
  16. Relational maintenance behaviors
    behaviors used to maintain and strengthen personal relationships
  17. Peer
    someone of similar power or status
  18. Intimacy
    significant emotional closeness experienced in a relationship
  19. Commitment
    a desire to stay in a relationship
  20. Interdependence
    a state in which each person's behaviors affect everyone else in their relationship
  21. Investment
    the resources we put into our relationships
  22. Dialectical tensions
    conflicts between two important but opposing needs or desires
  23. Monogamy
    being in only one romantic relationship at a time
  24. Infidelity
    having romantic or sexual interaction with someone outside of romantic relationship
  25. Polygamy
    practice in which one person is married to 2+ spouses at once
  26. Initiating stage
    the stage of relationship development when people meet and interact for the first time
  27. Experimenting stage
    the stage of relationship development when individuals have conversations to learn more about each other
  28. Intensifying stage
    the stage of relationship development when individuals move from being acquaintances to being close friends
  29. Integrating stage
    the stage of relationship development when a deep commitment has formed, and there is a strong sense that the relationship has its own identity
  30. Bonding stage
    the stage of relationship development when the partners publicly announce their commitment
  31. Communication privacy management (CPM) theory
    theory that explains how people manage the tension between privacy and disclosure
  32. Differentiating stage
    when partners begin to see their differences as undesirable or annoying
  33. Circumscribing stage
    decreased quality and quantity of communication between partners
  34. Stagnating stage
    relationship stops growing and the partners are barely communicating with each other
  35. Avoiding stage
    when partners create physical and emotional distance between themselves
  36. Terminating stage
    relationship is deemed to be officially over
  37. Divorce
    legal discontinuation of a marriage
  38. Family of origin
    (consists of?)
    • family in which one grows up
    • often consisting of one's parents & siblings
  39. Family of procreation
    (consists of?)
    • family in which one starts as an adult
    • often consisting of one's spouse and children
  40. Rituals
    repetitive behaviors that have special meaning for a group or relationship
  41. Communication climate
    the emotional tone of a relationship
  42. Confirming messages
    behaviors that indicate how much we value another person
  43. Disconfirming messages
    behaviors that imply a lack of regard for another person
  44. Defensiveness
    excessive concern with guarding oneself against the threat of criticism
  45. Supportiveness
    a person's feeling of assurance that others car about and will protect them
  46. Non-evaluative feedback
    reply that withholds assessment of what the speaker has said or done
  47. Evaluative feedback
    reply that offers an assessment of what the speaker has said or done
  48. Interpersonal conflcit
    an expressed struggle between interdependent parties who perceive incompatible goals, scarce resources, and interference from one another
  49. Passive agression
    a pattern of behaving vengefully while denying that one has aggressive feelings
  50. Demand-withdraw pattern
    a pattern of behavior in which one party makes demands and the other party withdraws from the conversation
  51. Disinhibition effect
    tendency to say or do things in one environment (such as online) that one would not say or do in most other enviornments
  52. Power
    ability to manipulate, influence, or control other people or events
  53. Symmetrical relationship
    relationship between parties of equal power
  54. Complementary relationship
    a relationship between parties of unequal power
  55. One-up message
    verbal message through which the speaker attempts to exert dominance or gain control over the listener
  56. One-down message
    a verbal message that reflects acceptance of, or submission to, another person's power
  57. One-across message
    a verbal message that seeks to neutralize relational control and power
  58. Reward power
    power that derives from the ability to reward
  59. Coercive power
    power based on the ability to punish
  60. Referent power
    power that derives from one's attraction to or admiration for another
  61. Legitimate power
    power based on one's status or position
  62. Expert power
    power that derives from one's expertise, talent, training, specialized knowledge, or experience
  63. Criticism
    the expression of complaints about another party
  64. Contempt
    the expression of insults and attacks on another's self worth
  65. Defensiveness
    the tendency to deny that validity of criticisms directed at the self
  66. Stonewalling
    withdrawing from a conversation or an interaction
  67. Competing
    strategy for managing conflict in which one's goal is to win while the other party loses
  68. Avoiding
    strategy for managing conflict that involves ignoring or failing to deal with the conflict
  69. Accommodating
    strategy for managing conflict that involves giving in to the other party's needs and desires while subordinating one's own
  70. Compromising
    strategy for managing conflict in which both parties give up something they want so that both can receive something they want
  71. Collaboration
    strategy for managing conflict that involves working toward a solution that meets both parties' needs