CRM2307 MIDTERM 2

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Author:
stormowl
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298950
Filename:
CRM2307 MIDTERM 2
Updated:
2015-03-22 14:57:48
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CRM
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CRM
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  1. Honor Crimes
    • - One of the forms of domestic violence
    • - Main justification is protection of family’s honor: mainly committed by relatives of female to preserve or restore family honor
    • - In honor based society, man is head of family, make decision
    • - Women considered men’s property–symbols of his family’s honor
  2. Following are considered a violation (honor killings):
    • - Adultery
    • - Premarital sexual relations
    • - Rape
    • - Falling in love with wrong person
    • - Bare burden even if it was rape or incest
    • - Honor killings result, usually, in murder or attempted murder
  3. Typical methods, perpetrators and collaborators
    • - The family members of the offending
    • woman typically see her slaughter as the only solution to the taint on their
    • family honor
    • - Each family that chooses to act on that perceived obligation approaches the situation differently
    • - Male family members (husband, father, or brother) are often the perpetrator, however, males are not the only family members involved)
    • - The immediate surrounding community may enforce an honor killing
    • - Hacking the victim to pieces with hatchets and exes, shooting
    • - Many cases carried out in public
    • - Government responses are complex and often inconsistent
    • - Lack of social protection
  4. Features of honor-killing

    - Collective nature of crime:
    • many family members, extended family, form a
    • “family council” to determine what to do, they participate in the act
  5. Features of honor-killing

    - The control of women’s bodies and their sexual behaviours:
    • any failure to conform to norms of community
    • reflects upon entire family. Family has vested interest in maintaining control over women in communities
  6. Features of honor-killing

    - What are behaviours that can incite honor based violence (HBV) or an Honor killing:
    • - expressions of personal autonomy (particularly with sexuality)
    • - choice of sexual/marital partner
    • - education and employment
    • - dress
    • - behaviour and contact with males
    • - sexuality
    • - general conformity to family and community’s culture and expectation
  7. Features of honor-killing

    - what are kinds of “remedies” typically applied before taking the final step of killing
    • - force marriage
    • - violence
    • - threats
    • - harassment
    • - manipulation
    • - emotional abuse
    • - threaten disownment
    • - divorce mothers
  8. How can family kill their own son or daughter?
    • - Some families may be reluctant but may do so because of community pressure
    • - Family is perceived as having lost honor and they may suffer harassment and social exclusion
    • - Especially in tight-knit communities, social ties are of great importance
  9. Does it happen to girls only? (honor Killings)
    • - Men are also victims
    • - Heterosexual men can be victimized by female family members of dishonoured woman
  10. Women’s experience of racism:
    • - How race and gender interact
    • - Attitudes, practices and other factors that disadvantage people because of their race, culture, ethnicity
  11. Racial discrimination
    Action based on person’s race, religion, sexual orientation, that withholds or limits access to benefits available to other members of the dominant group
  12. Systemic/institutional racism:
    Part of structures of organization’s rules, practices, policies which disadvantages due to race, culture, sexual orientation, country of origin
  13. Internalized racism
    The acceptance of attitudes, beliefs or ideologies
  14. Prejudice
    Prejudgment, preconceived negative opinion or attitude about group of people
  15. Stereotype
    “set image”, instant or fixed picture of a group of people, usually negative, false due to incomplete information
  16. Racism and human rights
    • - Charter of rights and freedoms       
    • - Ontario Human Rights code
  17. Words mean:
    • - Aboriginal people 
    • * native people, first nations, Inuit, metis and status/no status Indians

    • - Racialized
    • * people of color, aboriginal peoples, ethnic, linguistic

    • - Immigrant
    • *moves to Canada intending to stay permanently

    • - Refugee
    • * moves to Canada, fleeing persecution or war from own country
  18. Jobs/income (racism)
    • - Nearly half of racialized groups of women live in poverty
    • - Racialized immigrant women face more roadblocks to employ in Canada
    • - Second language programs inadequate to meet the need    
    • - Racism as a major barrier to employment
  19. Housing (racism)
    Difficulties in finding rental housing because of perceptions by landlords
  20. Access to justice (racism)
    • - Race and gender combine to increase their like hood of being assaulted
    • - Racialized women reluctant to call police in cases of domestic assault
    • - Refugee women
    • - Aboriginal women (20% of Canada’s female prison population but only 2% of female population as a whole)
  21. Health (racism)
    • - Language and cultural barriers means less access to life-saving medical procedures
    • - Structural racism leading to less income and social status has direct impact on health
    • - Mental health problems (rape victims, genital mutilation)
  22. Racialized Sexuality
    • - Often sexualized in racist ways
    • - Racist stereotypes on the part of the police and the courts mean they have less access to justice
  23. Alcohol, crime and  abuse (Aboriginal)
    - Consumption contribute to incidents of domestic violence and child abuse

    • - Correctional institutions
    • * need more culturally appropriate treatment programs

    • - Sentencing profile
    • * 27 years old with grade 9 education, single with 203 kids, unemployed
  24. Factors that impact negatively on life of aboriginal women
    • - Moving them to isolation, more vulnerable (urban)
    • - Alcohol and violent in family home
    • - No family support or supervision
    • - Poverty
    • - Lack of opportunities to become involved  positively
    • - Have also tried drugs and alcohol at very young age
    • - Many have been in conflict with the law as youth , and did not have guidance to stop issues and getting worse
    • - Do not have a high level of education – friends with street-wise instead
    • - Abuse of alcohol and drugs can lead to prostitution to support addiction
    • - Under influence of associates, can commit more serious crimes, more pressure
    • - Might leave home because she experienced violence herself (not just witnessing)
    • - Sexual, emotional, physical experience while living on the street
  25. Justice and Human rights (Aboriginal)
    • - Race and gender discrimination inequity due to poverty, ill-health, sex trade
    • - Discrimination with criminal justice system
  26. Options (Aboriginal)
    • - Increase legal aid for aboriginal women
    • - Cultural awareness for police, prosecutors, judges, correctional staff
    • - Recruitment of aboriginal peoples in CJS
    • - Access to culturally appropriate skills programs
    • - Get aboriginal women more involved in CJS
  27. Health (Aboriginal)
    • - Higher incidences of diabetes, tobacco addiction, HIV/AIDS
    • - Problems with Fetal Alcohol syndrome
  28. Sexual violence
    Any violence, physical or psychological, carried out through several means or targeting sexuality. Sexual abuse, assault, rape, incest, childhood sexual abuse, rape during armed conflict
  29. OCTEVAW
    ***Ottawa Coalition to End Violence Against Women***


    - Before 1983 – husbands could legally rape their wives, needed proof of vaginal rape

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