Ch. 7 Political Parties Quiz

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Ch. 7 Political Parties Quiz
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Ch. 7
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  1. Which of the following statements about the history of American political parties is TRUE?

    a. Political parties were embraced by America's founding fathers as a necessary element of a functioning democracy.

    b. The role of political parties was clearly defined by America's founders.

    c. Throughout the course of American history, America has maintained the same two political parties.

    d. Two major political factions were formed even before the Constitution was ratified.
    Two major political factions were formed even before the Constitution was ratified.
  2. Which of the following statements best embodies the beliefs of the Federalists?

    a. The nation's welfare would be best served if the states had more power than the central government.

    b. Government policies should promote farming interests rather than focus on commerce and manufacturing.

    c. A republic should be ruled by its wealthiest and best-educated citizens.

    d. A weak central government would ensure that power remained where it belonged - with the people.
    A republic should be ruled by its wealthiest and best-educated citizens.
  3. After the Jeffersonian Republicans won the presidency and control of Congress in the 1800 and 1804 elections, the ___ Party never returned to power and became the first American party to dissolve.

    a. Federalist

    b. Democratic

    c. National Republican

    d. Whig
    Federalist
  4. ___ is a process in which the popular support for and relative strength of political parties shift and the parties are reestablished with different coalitions of supporters.

    a. Ratification

    b. Reconstitution

    c. Reconfederation

    d. Realignment
    Realignment
  5. As the ___ and ___ competed for the White House throughout the 1840s and 1850s, the two-party system as we know it today emerged. 

    a. Jeffersonian Republicans; Democrats

    b. Whigs; Democrats

    c. National Republicans; Whigs

    d. Federalists; Whigs
    Whigs; Democrats
  6. By the mid-1850s, the Whig coalition had fallen apart, and most northern Whigs were absorbed into the new ___ Party, which opposed extending slavery into new territories.

    a. Anti-Federalist

    b. Republican

    c. National Republican

    d. Democratic
    Republican
  7. In the 1890s, the Democrats allied themselves with the ___, who advocated inflation as a way of lessening the debts of farmers in the South and West.

    a. Populists

    b. Socialists

    c. Libertarians

    d. Federalists
    Populists
  8. Which of the following is true of the "rolling realignment" of the 1970s through the 1990s?

    a. President Nixon's Republican Party turned away conservative Democrats.

    b. President Reagan helped to cement a new Republican coalition that included Democrats.

    c. Republicans in Congress were, in time, replaced by conservative Democrats.

    d. The result of the rolling realignment was shift in power to the Republican Party.
    President Reagan helped to cement a new Republican coalition that included Democrats.
  9. When the press talks about the supposed cultural differences between states, they often refer to the

    a. "red" states that vote for the Democratic candidate and the "green" states that vote for third-party candidates.

    b. "blue" states that vote for the Democratic candidate and the "red" states that vote for the Republican candidate.

    c. "red" states that vote for the Democratic candidate and the "blue" states that vote for the Republican candidate.

    d. "blue" states that vote for the Democratic candidate and the "purple" states that vote for the Republican candidate.
    "blue" states that vote for the Democratic candidate and the "red" states that vote for the Republican candidate.
  10. Which of the following trends has become a key characteristic of recent politics?

    a. an increase in Democratic conservatives from the South

    b. a growing liberal Republican faction based in the Northeast

    c. an extreme partisanship of party activists and members of Congress

    d. a trend toward party coalitions that contain a variety of factions with differing politics
    an extreme partisanship of party activists and members of Congress
  11. Among voters, ___ is a growing detachment from both major parties.

    a. realignment

    b. tipping

    c. polarization

    d. dealignment
    dealignment
  12. Which of the following is NOT a potential cause of "tipping"?

    a. voter migration between states

    b. changes in voters' education levels

    c. the increasing polarization of political parties

    d. changes in voters' occupations
    the increasing polarization of political parties
  13. Political parties perform the function of coordinating policymaking because parties

    a. are usually the major institutions through which the executive and legislative branches cooperate with each other.

    b. take the large number of people who want to run for office and narrow the pool of candidates.

    c. help educate the public about important political issues.

    d. create alliances between individuals and groups with a variety of interests and opinions.
    are usually the major institutions through which the executive and legislative branches cooperate with each other.
  14. Which of the following statements about the minority party is TRUE?

    a. It is unable to play a vital role in American politics and has little impact on general policymaking.

    b. It is sometimes able to persuade majority party members to pass or defeat certain legislation.

    c. It is unable to check the actions of the majority party.

    d. It does not control the presidency or state governorship, but has more members in the legislature than the opposing party.
    It is sometimes able to persuade majority party members to pass or defeat certain legislation.
  15. Which of the following statements best describes the way in which political parties perform the function of balancing competing interests?

    a. The minority party works to inform voters of the shortcomings of the majority party's agenda.

    b. The activities of political parties help citizens learn about the issues and consider proposed solutions.

    c. Political parties are coalitions of individuals and groups with a variety of interests and opinions who join together to support a party's platform.

    d. Political parties simplify voting choices for the electorate.
    Political parties are coalitions of individuals and groups with a variety of interests and opinions who join together to support a party's platform.
  16. Each of the two major American political parties consists of three components:

    a. the party identifier, the party organizer, and the party in government.

    b. the party in the electorate, the party organization, and the party in government.

    c. the party in the electorate, the party activists, and the party identifier.

    d. the party activists, the party organizer, and the party campaign coordinator.
    the party in the electorate, the party organization, and the party in government.
  17. All of the following are reasons why people in the United States belong to a political party EXCEPT

    a. to express their solidarity with the views of other like-minded people.

    b. to get a membership card, pay dues, and vote to select local and national party leaders.

    c. to actively promote a set of ideals and principles that they feel are important to American politics and society.

    d. to benefit materially through better employment or personal career advancement.
    to get a membership card, pay dues, and vote to select local and national party leaders.
  18. In theory, each of the major American political parties is organized in 

    a. a standard, pyramid-shaped fashion, much like a large company.

    b. a closely knit, highly organized structure.

    c. a manner where a single individual or group directs all members.

    d. a centralized structure, having a distinct central power and direct chain of command.
    a standard, pyramid-shaped fashion, much like a large company.
  19. What is meant by the party in government?

    a. a party's national organization, together with its state and local offices.

    b. all individuals who describe themselves as supporters of that party.

    c. party members who work for the party to maintain its strength between elections.

    d. all of the party's candidates who have won elections and now hold public office.
    all of the party's candidates who have won elections and now hold public office
  20. The delegates to the party's national convention nominate the party's presidential and vice presidential candidates, who together make up the

    a. national party committee.

    b. party ticket.

    c. party identifiers.

    d. party platform.
    party ticket
  21. A national party committee's most important duties include organizing the next national convention and 

    a. drafting legislation to be introduced in the next session of Congress.

    b. working to reelect party members to Congress.

    c. planning how to obtain a party victory in the next presidential election.

    d. overseeing the election of state governors.
    planning how to obtain a party victory in the next presidential election.
  22. Which of the following statements about America's two-party system is NOT true?

    a. American election laws tend to favor the major parties.

    b. Because third parties normally do not win elections, Americans tend not to vote for them.

    c. There are institutional barriers to a two-party system in the United States.

    d. The rules governing campaign financing favor the major parties.
    There are institutional barriers to a two-party system in the United States.
  23. An example of an ideological third party in the United States is the ___ Party.

    a. Prohibition

    b. Libertarian

    c. Bull Moose

    d. Free Soil
    Libertarian
  24. Most splinter parties develop out of a split within a major party and are formed around a ___, which is why they are also called ___.

    a. leader with a strong personality; personality parties

    b. specific doctrine or set of beliefs; ideological parties

    c. desire for change and reformation; reformed parties

    d. particular cause or timely issue; issue-oriented parties
    leader with a strong personality; personality parties
  25. Which of the following is NOT true of third parties?

    a. Third parties can influence election outcomes.

    b. Third parties provide a voice for voters who are frustrated with and alienated from the Republican and Democratic parties.

    c. Third party presidential candidates have won on two occasions- in 1912 and 2000.

    d. Third parties have brought many political issues to the public's attention.
    Third party presidential candidates have won on two occasions - in 1912 and 2000.

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