the serous membrane lining the cavity of the abdomen and covering the abdominal organs. Parietal peritoneum- lines inner surfaces of body wall, Visceral peritoneum- covers organs, Peritoneal fluid- provides lubrication, separates peritoneal surfaces and allows sliding without friction.
double sheet of peritoneal membrane separated by loose C.T. a fold of the peritoneum that attaches the stomach, small intestine, pancreas, spleen, and other organs to the posterior wall of the abdomen.
the double layer of peritoneum that extends from the liver to the lesser curvature of the stomach and the start of the duodenum.
A peritoneal fold passing from the stomach to the transverse colon, hanging like an apron in front of the intestines
waves of muscular contractions, moves bolus further down
random ringlike constrictions that mix and churn contents with intestinal secretions
Fatty tissue on the out wall of the large intestine.
strongest structure of the entire body, hard part of tooth.
ligament anchors the teeth to maxilla and mandible.
Longitudinal bands of smooth muscle in the large intestine.
Wall of colon forms a series of pouches
are small, finger-like projections that protrude from the epithelial lining of the small intestinal wall.
series of ridges produced by folding of the wall of the stomach.
the numerous permanent crescentic folds of mucous membrane found in the small intestine especially in the lower part of the duodenum and the jejunum
(salts) emulsify fats and aid in their digestion kupffer cell
an oxyntic (acid-secreting) cell of the stomach wall, secrete HCL and intrinsic factor.
secrete pepsinogen, Pepsinogen convers to pepsin which digests proteins.
the predominant epithelial cell type lining the lumen of the small intestine and colon. These cells are specialized for absorption of nutrients across the apical plasma membrane and export of these same nutrients across the basal plasma membrane.
anal columns of Morgagni
are longitudinal ridges separated by mucus secreting anal sinuses.
Liver- secretion of bile. Gallbladder- concentration and storage of bile.
regulated by pyloric sphincter
stomach, regulates the release of chyme into the duodenum