Intestinal

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Anonymous
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299025
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Intestinal
Updated:
2015-03-23 18:22:06
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  1. Peritoneum
    the serous membrane lining the cavity of the abdomen and covering the abdominal organs. Parietal peritoneum- lines inner surfaces of body wall, Visceral peritoneum- covers organs, Peritoneal fluid- provides lubrication, separates peritoneal surfaces and allows sliding without friction.
  2. Mesentery
    double sheet of peritoneal membrane separated by loose C.T. a fold of the peritoneum that attaches the stomach, small intestine, pancreas, spleen, and other organs to the posterior wall of the abdomen.
  3. lesser omentum
    the double layer of peritoneum that extends from the liver to the lesser curvature of the stomach and the start of the duodenum.
  4. greater omentum
    A peritoneal fold passing from the stomach to the transverse colon, hanging like an apron in front of the intestines
  5. peristalsis
    waves of muscular contractions, moves bolus  further down
  6. segmentation
    random ringlike constrictions that mix and churn contents with intestinal secretions
  7. epiploic appendages
    Fatty tissue on the out wall of the large intestine.
  8. enamel
    strongest structure of the entire body, hard part of tooth.
  9. periodontal ligament
    ligament anchors the teeth to maxilla and mandible.
  10. taenia coli
    Longitudinal bands of smooth muscle in the large intestine.
  11. haustra
    Wall of colon forms a series of pouches
  12. intestinal villi
    are small, finger-like projections that protrude from the epithelial lining of the small intestinal wall.
  13. rugae
    series of ridges produced by folding of the wall of the stomach.
  14. plicae circulares
    the numerous permanent crescentic folds of mucous membrane found in the small intestine especially in the lower part of the duodenum and the jejunum
  15. bile acids
    (salts) emulsify fats and aid in their digestion kupffer cell
  16. parietal cell
    an oxyntic (acid-secreting) cell of the stomach wall, secrete HCL and intrinsic factor.
  17. chief cell
    secrete pepsinogen, Pepsinogen convers to pepsin which digests proteins.
  18. absorptive cell
    the predominant epithelial cell type lining the lumen of the small intestine and colon. These cells are specialized for absorption of nutrients across the apical plasma membrane and export of these same nutrients across the basal plasma membrane.
  19. anal columns of Morgagni
    are longitudinal ridges separated by mucus secreting anal sinuses.
  20. secretes bile
    Liver- secretion of bile. Gallbladder- concentration and storage of bile.
  21. stores bile
    gallbladder
  22. regulated by pyloric sphincter
    stomach, regulates the release of chyme into the duodenum
  23. has peyer’s patches
    ileum
  24. has brunner’s gland
    duodenum
  25. numerous goblet cells and no villi
    large intestine
  26. muscular tube behind the trachea
    esophagus
  27. largest salivary, serous secreting gland
    Parotid gland
  28. List the components of portal triad.
    hipatic artery, bile duct, portal vein

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