Test 4

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Test 4
2015-03-23 19:54:21
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  1. what pleural membrane covers the outer surface of the lungs?
    visceral pleura
  2. what circular, hyaline cartilage connects the larynx to the trachea?
  3. give one function of the goblet cells.
    secrete a protective lubricating mucous to help trap dust and bacteria so it can be transported by your mucosal linings via villi organelles in your sinuses outside your body. Your goblet cells make mucus;
  4. what condition results from hypertrophy of bronchial glands associated with smoking and productive cough.
    Chronic bronchitis
  5. what is the lining epithelium of the alveolar duct?
    simple squamos
  6. what part of the brainstem does the apneustic and pneumataxis centers are found?
  7. what condition is characterized by loss of lung tissue due to loss of elasticity?
  8. what specific region of the lungs has higher alveolar ventilation- perfusion ratio?
    apex or upper region
  9. what is the largest segment of the conducting part of the respiratory system?
    terminal bronchioles
  10. give the number of lobes in the human right lung.
  11. what respiratory tract has characteristic c-shaped cartilages?
  12. what large salivary excrete serous saliva through the stensen's duct?
    parotid salivary gland
  13. what organ stores and concentrates bile?
  14. what is the function of lysozyme in saliva?
    to kill bacteria
  15. what specific part of small intestine tract has Brunners glands?
  16. what muscular tube lies posterior to the trachea?
  17. what organ is regulated by pyloric sphincter?
  18. what is the function of ventral mesentery in digestive tract?
    structural support blood vessels
  19. what is the function of plica circularis of small intestine?
    absorption, increase surface area
  20. what is the most dilated digestive tract that temporarily stores chyme?
  21. what vital sign is taken to measure the number of breathes per minute?
    respiratory rate
  22. what is the effect of restrictive lung disorder in patients lung compliance?
    decrease lung compliance
  23. what are the fatty tissues found on the wall of large intestine?
    epiploic appendages
  24. what ventral mesentary is found between the stomach, gallbladder, and liver?
    lesser omentum
  25. the random ring like constrictions that mix contents with intestinal secretions.
  26. the longitudinal bands of smooth muscle in colon is called what?
    taenia coli
  27. what is the terminal, straight portion of colon?
  28. give the function of large intestine.
    water secretion, compaction
  29. give two specific factors affecting O2 unloading to the tissue (shift to the right).
    Lower pH levels and higher temperature.
  30. discuss briefly how pressure gradients cause air to flow in relation to Boyle Law.
    P= 1/v pressure moves form a gradient of high to low pressure. as you inhale the higher pressure moves into your lungs increasing the volume and as you exhale the higher pressure moves out of your lungs decreasing the volume.
  31. pneumothorax is the presence of ___ in the thoracic cavity.
  32. the relaxation of the diaphragm will ______ intrathoracic pressure.
  33. aspiration of foreign body is most likely into the ____ bronchus.
  34. the expiratory center during forced breathing is under the influence of _____.
    ventral respiratory group
  35. the common bile duct and Wirsung empty into the ____.
    major duodenal papilla
  36. digestion of proteins begin at ____.
  37. hydrochloric acid in the stomach is secreted by ___ cells.
    parietal cells
  38. the largest salivary glands that empty into the vestibule at level of 2nd upper molar are ____.
  39. the conducting portion with presence of glands and cartilages include the ____.
  40. the ____ reabsorbed nutrients.
  41. the major blood supply of the liver is ___.
    portal vien