In terms of defining characteristic, one of the major differences between mass
murderers and personal cause murderers is that both of
them will elude arrest.
1. change “both of them” to “the latter”
If a man accidentally causes deaths in the course of, say, setting a building
on fire, then according to legalistic definitions, this person is perpetrating
an excusable homicide.
2. change “excusable homicide” to “situational felony murder”
Generally speaking, serial
killers will use miscellaneous instruments (e.g., rope) as
weapons, not just firearms.
Compared to signature behaviors, the pattern of Modus
Operandi/Method of Operation (MO) behavior is changing (in other words,
criminals will increasingly improve their skills of committing a crime when
they become more experienced).
Unlike MO behaviors, the pattern of signature behavior is essentially fixed
Compared to disorganized offenders, organized criminals usually are socially
6. change “isolated” to “mature”
Generally speaking, disorganized offenders are more likely to use sudden
violence to have victim comply than their organized counterparts.
In terms of religious extremist homicide, only extremist Islamic groups
will try to kill pagans.
8. change “only extremist Islamic groups” to “all
extremist religious groups”
The chief victims of gang-related homicide usually are single women.
9. change “single women” to “gang members”
Compared to spree killers, serial killers usually will be killed
at the crime scene.
10. reverse the position of “spree” and “serial”
Mass murder and spree murder have several things in common. One of them is that
most offenders are Blacks.
11. change “Blacks ” to “Whites”
According to statistics, most homicide cases took place during the time period
pm to 6:00 am.
According to UCR, nearly 60% of homicide cases in America were perpetrated by strangers.
13. change “strangers” to “acquaintances”
Some people are more likely to become victims of instrumental homicide
than others, such as gas station attendants and taxi drivers.
15. In mercy homicide, offender
will create a life-threatening condition for his/her victim(s).
15. change “mercy” to “hero”
The chief victims of mercy killing usually include, but are not
limited to, authority figures (e.g., school teachers, the police, court
16. change “mercy” to “authority”
All homicidal behaviors, to some extent, are either related to fantasy
In domestic homicide, the relationship between
murderer and victim usually is indifferent.
18. change “indifferent” to “highly intense”
The main targets of socioeconomic extremist homicide usually
include, but are not limited to, rich people and socially influential persons.
19. change “rich/influential people” to “homeless persons”
In cult killing, the offender usually feels that he/she is discriminated
by his/her superior(s).
20. change “cult” to “authority”
According to researches, most killers (including minors) were psychologically abnormal
at the time of the offense.
21. change “psychotic” to “normal”
Only females (especially married women) will become victims of
22. Females are more likely to become victims…
Criminologists generally believe that extremists share certain mental
qualities. One of such qualities is skepticism.
23. change “skepticism” to “monism”
24. Cult murder usually is a massive
24. change “massive” to “singularized”
25. Both extremist-related and cult-related homicides
are examples of group cause homicide.
26. In terms of nature, the Holocaust should be viewed
as an instrumental homicide.
26. change “instrumental” to “expressive”
27. Inheritance-related murder is an expressive
27. change “expressive” to “instrumental”
In terms of temporal pattern, nearly 40% of homicide cases in America took
place on ________.
Which of the following is NOT an MO behavior?
a. the victim was asked to say certain indecent words
b. the offender used weapons to have his victim comply
c. the victim was blindfolded
d. the offender used special equipment to enter the
e. none of the above
Signature behaviors will allow law enforcement authorities to collect
information about offender=s ________.
The crime scenes left by disorganized sexual offenders usually
d. a and b
e. a, b, and c
Which of the following may become the targets of hate crime in
all of the above
The concept of victim-precipitated crime is suggested by
a. Stephen Holmes
b. Marvin Wolfgang
c. Terance Miethe
d. George Knox
e. Richard McCorkle
Personal or family relationship between offender and victim
usually can be found in the following types of murder except ________
Which of the following usually will become the target of disorganized
hard to predict,
The victim of felony murder usually will involve ________.
all of the above
Which of the following is more likely to be motivated by expressive reasons?
a. domestic homicide
b. argument homicide
c. authority killing
d. hero homicide
e. a, b, and c
Which of the following is more likely to be motivated by instrumental
a. inheritance-relate homicide
b. contract killing
c. criminal competition homicide
d. indiscriminate felony homicide
e. all of the above
Which of the following is a classification system widely used by
the authorities to study homicidal behaviors?
c. Crime Classification Manual
e. all of the above
Juvenile homicides have several things in common. ________ is one