CRIMINOLOGY 3RD conflict theory

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Mazie
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299083
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CRIMINOLOGY 3RD conflict theory
Updated:
2015-03-25 14:47:33
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CONFLICT THEORY
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  1. 1. In terms of function, functionalists or consensus
    theorists believe that the law is value-laden (i.e.,
    the law will safeguard the values of certain populations only) because it will
    just protect the benefits of the ruling class.

     

    T    F
    F

    1. change “Functionalists/consensus” to “Conflict”
  2. 2. Conflict theorists argue that the law
    is a reflection of social justice. Therefore, it can serve as a tool of
    dispute-settling.

     

    T    F
    F


    2. change “Conflict” to “Consensus”
  3. 3. Differential
    oppression theorists argue that some teenagers will commit delinquent acts if
    they are excessively oppressed/controlled by adults. Of the various delinquent
    actions, suicide is classified as passive acceptance.


     

    T    F
    F

    3. change “passive acceptance” to “retaliation”
  4. 4. The notion of imperatively coordinated
    associations is proposed by Richard Quinney.

     

                       T    F
    F

    4. change “Richard Quinney” to “Ralf Dahrendorf”
  5. 5. According to Dahrendorf,
    inter-group conflict is less likely to take place if competing
    groups strongly identify with different cultures and/or social
    norms/values.

     

    T    F
    F

    5. change “less likely” to “more likely”
  6. 6. Instrumental Marxists believe that to
    solve the problem of crime, the capitalist system must be replaced by the socialist
    structure.

     






    T    F
    T
  7. 7. Based on the concept of imperatively
    coordinated associations, we basically can identify two major social
    classes in America-B the command and the obey classes.

     

    T    F
    T
  8. 8. According to John Hagan=s power control theory, female delinquents are more
    likely to come from families organized around the principle of patriarchy.

     

    T    F
    F

    8. change “patriarchy” to “egalitarianism/matriarchy”
  9. 9. If we use instrumental Marxism to classify crimes,
    then property offenses (embezzlement, burglary, identity theft, shoplifting...)
    should be considered as crimes of resistance.

     

    T    F
    F

    9. change “resistance” to “accommodation”
  10. 10. According to structural Marxism, the root cause of
    crime comes from institutionalized/structuralized inequality and
    alienation.

     

    T    F
    T
  11. 11. John Hagan’s
    power control theory implies that middle-class families in America usually
    are organized around the philosophy of egalitarianism.

     

    T    F
    F

    11. change “egalitarianism” to “patriarchy”
  12. 12. Austin Turk argues that the process of
    criminalization involves three conditions. Legal consensus shared by law enforcement
    agents is one of such conditions.

     

    T    F
    T
  13. 13. Crimes of accommodation, among
    others, include revolutionary movements and political assassinations.

     

    T    F
    F

    13. change “Crimes of accommodation” to “Crimes of resistance”
  14. 14. John Hagan’s
    power-control theory includes six possible familial patterns. The following
    category is believed to be atypical:

     

    husband: a member of
    command class; wife: not employed






    T    F
    F

    14. reverse the position of husband and wife
  15. 15. According to Dahrendorf, the greater the ability
    that competing parties can mobilize and use social resources (manpower, money,
    information...), the lower the possibility that inter-group conflict
    will take place.

     

    T    F
    F

    15. change “lower” to “higher”
  16. 16. According to Dahrendorf, the higher the ability
    that competing parties can reach/develop agreements, the lower
    the possibility that inter-group conflict will take place.

     

    T    F
    T
  17. 17. According to Dahrendorf, the higher the ability
    that competing parties can communicate with each other, the higher
    the possibility that inter-group conflict will take place.

     

    T    F
    F

    17. change “higher” to “lower”
  18. 18. According to radical feminism, the root cause of
    crimes comes from government suppression.

     

    T    F
    F

    • 18. change “government
    • suppression” to “patriarchy”
  19. 19. According to Turk, the stronger the power of
    resisters (e.g.,
    participants of anti-war movement), the higher the possibility that the behaviors of such resisters will be criminalized by law enforcement
    authorities.

     

    T    F
    F

    19. change “higher” to “lower”
  20. 20. According to Turk, the higher the extent to which
    law enforcement authorities share the same meanings toward a certain act (e.g., voyeurism or child molestation), the lower
    the possibility that that behavior will be criminalized by the authorities

     

    T    F
    F

    20. change “lower” to “higher”
  21. 21. The underlying philosophy of liberal feminism is chivalry
    hypothesis.

     

    T    F
    F

    21. change “chivalry hypothesis” to “conflict theory”
  22. 22. Ian Taylor is a Marxist theorist/radical
    criminologist.

     

    T    F
    T
  23. 23. Jock Young is a Marxist theorist/radical
    criminologist.

     

    T    F
    T
  24. 24. According to Richard Quinney (a
    conflict theorist), there is a close relationship between political power and
    legal definitions of crime.

     

    T    F
    T
  25. 25. According to postmodern criminologists, some
    criminological theories can provide a comprehensive description about criminal
    behavior.

     

    T    F
    F

    25. change “some” to “no”
  26. 26. The concept replacement discourse is
    suggested by feminist sociologists.

     

    T    F
    F

    • 26. change “feminist sociologists” to “
    • post-modern sociologists
  27. 27. According to peacemaking criminologists, America’s
    criminal justice system is very lenient in the modern world.

     

    T    F
    F

    27. change “lenient” to “harsh”
  28. 28. To an extent, peacemaking criminologists are
    humanitarians.

     

    T    F
    T
  29. 29. Which of the following uses consensus/functionalist
    perspective to define the nature of law?

     

    a. 
    Karl Marx

    b. 
    Emile Durkheim

    c. 
    William Chambliss


    d. 
    Richard Quinney

    e. 
    Austin Turk
    B
  30. 30. According to instrumental Marxism, which of the
    following is a crime of control?

     

    a. 
    illegal arrest

    b. 
    violation of
    labor safety law

    c. 
    environmental
    pollution

    d. 
    political
    assassination

    e. 
    massacre
    A
  31. 31. Which of the following is NOT an element of
    patriarchy?

     

    a. 
    patrilineal
    descent

    b. 
    male superiority

    c. 
    associated role
    of female 

    d. 
    sex privilege for
    male

    e. 
    matrilineal
    descent
    E
  32. 32. According to power control theory, the pattern of
    upper-class/high-income families is closer to ________.

     

    a. 
    feminism

    b. 
    polygamy

    c. 
    patriarchy

    d. 
    cultural
    relativism

    e. 
    egalitarianism
    E
  33. 33. If we use the perspective of instrumental Marxism to
    analyze the nature of law, then we can infer that America=s criminal justice system, in one way or another, is
    controlled/influenced by ________.

     






    a. Hollywood
    superstars

    b. top lawyers of American
    Bar Association

    c. chief executive officers
    of big companies

    d. high-ranking military
    generals 

    e. all of the above
    E
  34. 34. In criminology/delinquency
    study, which of the following is based on the philosophy of left idealism?

     

    a.  biological
    theory

    b.  strain
    theory

    c.  rational
    choice theory

    d.  instrumental
    Marxism

    e.  subculture
    theory
    D
  35. 35. In criminology/delinquency
    study, which of the following is based on the philosophy of left idealism?

     

    a.  labeling
    theory

    b.  structural
    Marxism

    c.  social
    disorganization theory

    d.  subculture
    theory

    e.  a
    and b
    E
  36. 36. ________ believe that the law
    is a tool of peace making.

     

    a. 
    Consensus
    theorists/Functionalists

    b. 
    Pluralists

    c. 
    Conflict
    theorists

    d. 
    Symbolic
    interactionists

    e. 
    a and b
    E
  37. 37. Which of the following is a point focused by postmodern criminologists?

     

    a. 
    the reform of
    penal system

    b. 
    female
    criminality

    c. 
    the language used
    in legal codes

    d. 
    the modification
    of biological theories

    e. 
    the creation of
    new prisons
    C
  38. 38. The major concern of
    socialist/Marxist feminists is to determine the ________ of female labor.

     

    a. 
    change

    b. 
    contribution

    c. 
    feature 

    d. 
    value

    e. 
    nature
    D
  39. 39. According to feminists, which
    of the following is NOT traditionally considered to be a feminine
    attribute?

     

    a. 
    sentimental

    b. 
    docile

    c. 
    rational

    d. 
    attractive

    e. 
    submissive
    C
  40. 40. Which statement about differential oppression in the
    following is INCORRECT?

     






    a. adults tend to view
    children as troublemakers

    b. adults usually will
    discourage children to invent new things

    c. adults tend to see
    children as inferior

    d. adults tend to
    over-emphasize order

    e. adults tend to downplay
    formal education
    E
  41. 41. According to differential oppression theory, one of
    the possible delinquent actions taken by teenagers to respond to adults’ excessive control/oppression is vandalism.
    Such an act should be classified as ________.

     

    a. 
    passive
    acceptance

    b. 
    manipulation of
    peers

    c. 
    exercise of
    illegal coercive power

    d. 
    retaliation

    e. 
    active acceptance
    D
  42. 42. Which of the following is NOT a conflict
    theorist?

     

    a. 
    Willem Bonger

    b. 
    Ralf Dahrendorf

    c. 
    Erving Goffman

    d. 
    Barry Krisberg

    e. 
    Austin Turk
    C
  43. 43. Which of the following is a peace-making
    criminologist?

     

    a. 
    Harold Pepinsky

    b. 
    William Chambliss


    c. 
    C. Wright Mils

    d. 
    Robert Wuthnow

    e. 
    Jock Young
    A
  44. 44. Both (classic) rational choice
    theorists and peace-making criminologists believe that
    ________. 

     

    a. working-class people are
    more likely to commit crime

    b. upper-class people are more
    likely to get involved in inter-group conflict

    c. young people are more likely
    to join social  movements

    d. lower-class people are more
    likely to be arrested by the police

    e. harsh punishments cannot
    deter crime
    E
  45. 45. Comparatively, _______ class
    people are less likely to use conflict perspective to
    explain the nature of law (i.e., they prefer to preserve the status quo).

     

    a. 
    working-

    b. 
    upper-

    c. 
    lower middle-

    d. 
    middle-

    e. 
    lower-
    B

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