Criminology 3RD crime measurement

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Mazie
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299086
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Criminology 3RD crime measurement
Updated:
2015-03-25 14:48:14
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CRIME MEASUREMENT CLASSIFICATION
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  1. 1.
    The following formula is used by modern criminologists to calculate crime
    rates:

     

    Reported crime cases/incidents

    _____________________________________ * 1,000

     

    Population of a given area

     

    T    F
    F

    1. change “1,000” to “100,000”
  2. 2.
    In terms of categorization, the FBI’s Uniform
    Crime Report includes 12 serious violent and property
    crimes.

     

    T    F
    F

    2. change “12” to “8”
  3. 3.
    For criminal investigators, signature behaviors refer to those
    actions that will allow criminal offenders to escape from the crime scenes.

     

    T    F
    F

    3. change “signature behaviors” to “MO behaviors”
  4. 4.
    Criminologically, there is a positive relationship between visibility of a crime and
    the
    clearance rates of that crime (i.e., crimes with high visibility, such
    as robbery, are more likely to draw the attention of law enforcement agents
    than crimes with low visibility, like rape).

     

    T    F
    T
  5. 5.
    For criminal investigators, modus operandi behaviors refer to
    those actions that will allow criminal offenders to enjoy
    emotional/psychological gratification.

     

    T    F
    F

    5. change “MO behaviors” to “signature behaviors”
  6. 6.
    One of the index crimes in UCR is homicide.

     

    T    F
    T
  7. 7.
    Both larceny
    and arson
    are index offenses.

     

    T    F
    T
  8. 8.
    Signature behavior includes actions like wearing ski mask while committing
    burglary.

     

    T    F
    F

    • 8. change “signature behaviors” to “MO
    • behaviors”
  9. 9.
    According to the defining characteristics of MO and signature behaviors, we can
    infer that organized offenders usually will plan before they
    commit crime.

     

    T    F
    T
  10. 10.
    The most widely used crime classification system used by modern criminologists
    is victim-based typology.

     

    T    F
    F

    10. change “victim-based typology” to “Uniform Crime Report”
  11. 11.
    Some crimes are considered by a few criminologists as victimless crimes.
    Abortion is one of them.

     

    T    F
    T
  12. 12.
    According to legal typology, some crimes are defined as offenses against public
    order. Driving under influence is one of such crimes

     

    T    F
    T
  13. 13.
    Compared to other Index crimes, the report rates of forcible rape
    usually are high.

     

    T    F
    F

    13. change “high” to “low”
  14. 14.
    The data of UCR are compiled solely by the FBI.

     

    T    F
    F

     

    • 14. change “compiled solely by the FBI ” to “compiled by the
    • FBI and local police departments ”
  15. 15.
    One of the weaknesses of Self-Report Surveys is that such surveys usually will
    focus on trivial matters.

     

    T    F
    T
  16. 16.
    Comparatively, signature behaviors are more likely to be found among career
    criminals.

     

    T    F
    T
  17. 17.
    Corporate crime is a gang phenomenon.

     

    T    F
    F

    17. change “Corporate” to “Organized”
  18. 18. Domestic terrorism is a political crime.

     

              T    F
    T
  19. 19. International terrorism is a political crime.

     

              T    F
    T
  20. 20. Political crimes usually involve weak
    group support.

     

              T    F
    F

    20. change “weak” to “strong”
  21. 21. Organized crime always is related to/supported by
    certain ideologies.

     

              T    F
    F

    21. change “Organized” to “Political”
  22. 22. Compared to corporate crime, societal reaction to
    individual violent behavior usually is weak.

     

              T    F
    F

    22. change “weak” to “strong”
  23. 23. Producing unsafe products is a professional
    crime.

     

              T    F
    F

    23. change “professional” to “corporate”
  24. 24. In organized crime, criminal
    behaviors usually will be neutralized.

     

              T    F
    F

    24. change “organized” to “political”
  25. 25. Compared to ordinary street gangs, organized crime
    groups are more likely to use violence.

     

              T    F
    F

    25. change “more” to “less”
  26. 26.
    According to sociological classification, which of the following is NOT
    a crime against public order?

     

    a. 
    prostitution

    b. 
    disturbing the
    peace of a neighborhood

    c. 
    trespassing

    d. 
    drug trading

    e. 
    arson
    E
  27. 27.
    Which of the following is NOT a non-Index crime?

     

    a. 
    voyeurism

    b. 
    drug trafficking

    c. 
    shoplifting

    d. 
    motor vehicle
    theft

    e. 
    vandalism
    D
  28. 28.
    The watershed between simple and grand larceny is that the stolen item must
    have a value of at least $______.

     

    a. 
    100

    b. 
    200

    c. 
    300

    d. 
    400

    e. 
    500
    B
  29. 29.
    Which of the following is career criminals?

     

    a. shoplifters

    b.
    professional
    burglars

    c.
    people who commit
    a crime in the course of performing a job 


    d.
    speeders

    e.
    none of the above
    B
  30. 30.
    Sociologically, robbery is classified as a/an ________ criminal behavior.

     

    a. 
    interpersonal

    b. 
    occupational

    c. 
    ritualistic

    d. 
    professional

    e. 
    organized
    A
  31. 31.
    Sociologically, homicide and rape are classified as ________ criminal
    behaviors.

     

    a. 
    public order

    b. 
    occupational

    c. 
    amateur

    d. 
    violent

    e. 
    political
    D
  32. 32.
    Sociologically, drug trafficking is classified as a/an ________ criminal
    behavior.

     

    a. 
    conventional

    b. 
    organized

    c. 
    professional

    d. 
    occupational

    e. 
    immoral
    A
  33. 33.
    Which of the following is a signature behavior of rape?

     

    a. pre-surveillance of a crime scene

    b. use of restraints, like handcuffs

    c. stalking the suitable target

    d. disabling the security system

    e. asking victim to pose provocative gesture
    E
  34. 34.
    Which of the following is an MO behavior?

     

    a. body mutilation

    b. asking victim to wear nothing but tie

    c. asking victim to say specific phrases or words

    d. emotional torture

    e. forcing victim to bathe after sexual assault
    E
  35. 35.
    According to statistics, females are more likely to perpetrate ________.

     

    a. property crime

    b. white-collar crime

    c. petty crime

    d. non-violent crime

    e. there is no difference
    D
  36. 36.
    According to UCR, stealing transportation vehicles like trains, air planes,
    yachts, or school bus should be classified as ________.

     

    a. larceny

    b. burglary






    c. auto vehicle theft

    d. fencing

    e. all of the above
    A

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