THS 502 Exam 2: Angels and Atonement
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What are the three models of deliverance?
Gospel Encounter, Power encounter, Truth encounter
What are the assumptions and solutions in the Gospel Encounter model of deliverance?
- Only non-believers can have a demon, so anything demonic must be with a non-believer.
- Share the Gospel with anyone struggling with demonic influence.
What are the assumptions and solutions in the power encounter model of deliverance?
- 1. Believers can be demonized and controlled, but not completely indwelled by demons.
- 2. Sin gives a demon the right to influence a believer.
- 3. Demons cannot be removed until right of the demon is removed.
- 1. Command the demon to manifest itself.
- 2. Bind the demon by the name of Jesus to tell only truth and get it's authority structure.
- 3. Undo the demon's authority in that person's life through confession of personal and ancestral sin.
What are the assumptions and solutions in the truth encounter model of deliverance?
- 1. Demons have no authority over a believer in any way.
- 2. Believers can fall to demonic influence if they are ignorant of their authority or if they let themselves be deceived and yield control to a demon.
- 1. Help them understand the reality of christ's authority over spiritual powers.
- 2. help believer take thoughts captive and resist demons.
- 3. Confess sins in Gospel reality,and fight demons with truth of their position and lack of authority.
What is the acronym for demonic influence on believers?
An angel separated from and in rebellion towards YHWH.
What Scriptures seem to say that a demon can influence a believer?
- Matt 16:22-23 - 'get behind me Satan!' seems to say that Satan is influencing Peter's way of thinking.
- Acts 5 seems to say that Annanias and Sapphira are influenced by Satan.
- 2 Chron 21 - David incited by Satan to number Israel
- Job - Satan had permission to touch him.
- 2 Tim 2:26 - false teachers are under the 'snare of the devil' even though they seem to be believers.
How to avoid Satan's influence
- 1 Pet 5:
- Humble yourself
- Cast anxiety upon God
- Be self controlled
- Be alert
- Resist and push away Satan
- Stand firm in faith
ie. Work with God to live a life of wisdom
What verses speak of being separated from Satan's kingdom?
- Col 1:13 - He has delivered us from the domain of darkness and transferred us to the kingdom of his beloved Son
- Acts 26:17,8 - 'the Gentiles—to whom I am sending you to open their eyes, so that they may turn from darkness to light and from the power of Satan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins and a place among those who are sanctified by faith in me.’
- Eph 2:1-10
What about generational curses?
Ex 20 is what is used as a proof text, but this is speaking of the consequences of familial sin, not authority of demons against believers.
Define 'office' as it pertains to the offices of Christ
- An office is a function or a duty assigned to someone for the benefit of another.
- It is a position of responsibility, authority, trust and duty.
- It comes with authority and power.
- Ex. Policeman, elder.
Explain the humiliation and exaltation works of Christ.
- The humiliation has to do with the incarnation and death of Christ. He gave up all his rights.
- The exaltation has to do with Jesus' resurrection, ascension and glorification.
How can we present tri-perspectival thinking to the offices of Christ?
- It would be interesting:
- Prophet - teaches direct words of God, goes after the heart, seeks to transform culture.
- Priest - keeps Law known to the people, mediates the experience of God, develops a culture of worship
- King - read the word daily, provide a safe nation, lead by example.
What are several offices of Christ?
- Prophet - one who proclaims the words of God to the people as well as being a change agent to the culture.
- Priest - one who stands in between God and people
- King - one who protects and blesses his people, standing in authority over them and delivering them from enemies.
- Elder - One who has lived it out and gives authoritative guidance
- Head - over the church, like King or CEO.
- Sage - one with wisdom to impart to others
- Rabbi - teacher
What are the two designations and consequences of false prophets in the OT?
- Deut 13 - Supernatural work/speech but says follow other than YHWH. STONE HIM!
- Deut 18 - Prophesies don't come true. IGNORE HIM!
How are we to understand the here but not yet aspect of Jesus' offices?
- David was anointed King, yet not yet ruling.
- Moses was a Prophet to a people who didn't listen.
- Aaron was High Priest over a people whose hearts were far from God.
- Soloman was a Sage who didn't even listen to his own wisdom
- Ezra was a teacher to an ignorant people.
All of these saw SOME result, but not the fullness of their office fulfilled. They are waiting to be fulfilled at the end of time.
What are the categories of the theories of atonement?
- Triumph - Jesus is victor
- Subjective - Be like Jesus, the great man
- Objective - Jesus paid it all before God.
Explain the ransom theory of atonement.
- Problem: Satan owns us because of our sin (like the white witch)
- Soln: Jesus pays a price of death to Satan, freeing us from his ownership
- Prob: Scripture just doesn't present this.
- Plus: Jesus DID this. He frees us from Satan, but not because Satan had any rights to us, but major influence over us.
Explain the Triumph view of the atonement
- Christus Victor:
- Problem: Humans are in bondage to Satan, in the dominion of darkness (Acts 26:18, Col 1:13)
- Focus: the cross breaks that which held us in bondage, destroying the power of sin over us, the Law itself, Satan.
Explain the mystical theory of atonement
- Held by the Orthodox church:
- There was a divine spark within humans, lost in the Fall. The cross restores the divine spark and re-enters humanity. The focus is on the incarnation...Jesus became man so that man can become God (2 Pet 1:1-4).
- This leads to a unique understanding of justification-sanctification-glorification being one essential reality, not separate things.
Explain the moral influence theory of the atonement
- Problem: We don't know how to act as humans or don't care enough about being good.
- Focus: Christ's life and choice to die.
- Soln: Jesus' life and death grip our hearts so that we change ourselves.
Explain the divine providence (governmental) theory of atonement
- Prob: Human are law breakers and the world is in disarray. But God can't just forgive, for then there would be no social control.
- Focus: Christ' terrible death and the horror of punishment.
- Soln: look at Jesus and act better.
Explain the vicarious theory of atonement
look back to video.
Explain the Satisfaction theory of the atonement
God was dishonored and must be satisfied in a shame culture way
Explain the Penal-substitution theory of the atonement
Prob: We are guilty before God and the penalty must be paid before any reconciliation or other benefits of the atonement can occur.
Explain how different theologians understand hilasterion
- 1. Expiation - the cleansing of sin.
- 2. Propitation - dealing with he wrath of God AND the cleansing of sin.
- 3. (noun) the mercy seat itself.
Where does hilasterion appear in the NT?
- Rom 3:25 -
- Heb 9:5
- Heb 2:14
- Luke 18:13
- 1 Jn 2:2
- 1 Jn 4:10
Appeasing the wrath of Goy by payment of penalty and cleansing the people from their sin
Define biblical redemption
- Exodus - getting people out of slavery and intro freedom
- Law - buying back what you lost through poverty
Why is God's need for propitiation different than tribal deities?
- Tribal deities are needy, emotional, vengeful. YHWH is gracious and compassionate, slow to anger and abounding in love. His is a judicial reality in order to restore relationship, not justify Himself.
- The solution to the problem is different as well, as the tribal person must find the solution through a shame whereas God himself provides the solution to our need.
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