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What did he find?
- studied digestion i dogs in a lab setting; bell rings--> automatic salivation from food.
- Eventually, they salivated from the bell--> it was a learned action
unlearned behavior; natural
Unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
something that automatically causes a response with no training
an automatic reflex; unlearned
previously neutral stimulus that now causes a conditioned response
learned reaction to CS that occurs because of previous repeated pairings with an UCS
What are the shortcuts for determining UCS, UCR, CS, NS, and CR?
Use Pavlov's example to assign each of the terms.
learned response to stimuli that are like the original conditioend stimuli
ex: Little Albert and white rats, etc.
learned response to a specific stimulus but not to other similar stimuli
ex: Pavlov's dogs only salivated to doorbell
gradual weakining or suppression of a precisely conditioned response
ex: Pavlov rang bell with no food--> dog's salivation ceases
learning in which voluntary responses are controlled by their consequences
reinforcement and punishment
- add something to icnrease the behavior
- ex: stickers
remove something (unpleasant) to increase the behavior
adding something to decrease behavior
take away something pleasant to decrease behavior (ex: privileges, time out)
rewarding people for getting closer tot heir goal
sucessive goals are rewarded
ex: bed making
Who was the creator of insight? How?
he examined chimps during WWI and noticed that chimps have insight; they sit and think about a situation and then attempt
a sudden udnerstanding of a situation; mental trial and error
hidden learning that exists without behavioral signs
you could learn things and not demonstrate it until weeks or months down the line
watching and modeling the behavior
- 1) watch somebody do something
- 2) look at the consequences
- 3) make a decision whether to do it or not to do it
ex: Bobo doll
the feelign that you have no control of the environment no matter what you doq
the belief that you can accomplish something