Psych Test 2H: Memory

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Psych Test 2H: Memory
2015-03-25 17:34:56
Test Two
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  1. What are the two ways to categorize long- term memory?
    1) Explicit vs. Implicit

    2) Semantic, Episodic, Procedural
  2. Explicit versus implicit
    Explicit: something you are intentially trying to recall

    implicit: unintentional memories that may be evoked by, for example, odors and sounds, etc.; these are triggered memories
  3. Semantic memory
    general facts or info (ex: what your name is)

    "I know that..."
  4. Proceudral memory
    a skill

    "I know how..."
  5. Episodic Memory
    "I remember when..."

    • any memory you were a part of
    • -->flashbulb memory: episodic memory that you have every vivid detail of--> things that are really emotional
  6. Retrieval strategies (what are the three?)
    1) Context dependence: you recall info better when you're in the same environment than you learned it originally 

    2) State dependence: you recall info better when you're in the same mental state that you learned it originally

    3) Mood congruency effect: When in a good mood, you recall positive events; when in a bad mood, you recall bad events and memories
  7. What is the forgetting curve?
    a curve that states that people tend to have a strong 60% drop during the first 24 hours after learning something
  8. Serial position curve
    information at the beginning and end of a list is remembered better than material in the middle

    primacy effect: a characteristic of memory in which recall of the first two or three items is particularly good

    recency effect: a characteristic of memory in which recall of the last fewl items is particularly good
  9. Amnesia: what are the two types? 
    retrograde and anterograde amnesia
  10. retrograde amnesia
    injury causes a loss of everything from your past

    --> it comes back to you (all memories but the accident)
  11. anterograde amnesia
    no more ability to form new memories; they can learn, but they have no recollection of learning
  12. Alzheimer's disease

    about 7 years before death since eventually, the brain stops telling the heart what to do

    tangles and plaques form in the body
  13. What are the three basic operations in regards to the Information-Processing Approach?
    encoding: translating sensory info into neural codes

    storage: retaining neurally coded info over time

    retrieval: recovering info from memory
  14. What is the duration and capacity of: 

    sensory memory
    duration: up to 1 second

    capacity: large (unlimited)
  15. What is the duration and capacity of: 

    short term memory
    duration: up to 30 seconds

    capacity: limited (5-9 items); chunking; if not wanted, info is lost
  16. What is the duration and capacity of: 

    long term memory
    duration: relatively permanent

    capacity: unlimited
  17. Sensory===?====> STM?
  18. Short term===?====> Long term?
  19. Long term ==?==> Short term?
  20. What are the two types of rehearsal?
    maintenance rehearsal

    elaboraltive rehearsal