Chemistry (Limestone and Carbonates)

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
299270
Filename:
Chemistry (Limestone and Carbonates)
Updated:
2015-03-26 16:25:28
Tags:
science chemistry limestone acids metal carbonates
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science,chemistry
Description:
Flash cards for the revision of limestone, carbonates and reactions.
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  1. Draw The Limstone Cycle.
    See book for answer.
  2. How do you test for Hydrogen?
    The squeeky pop test by placing a burning splint where hydrogen in present.
  3. How do you test for Oxygen?
    Light a splint and blow out the flame it will relight if oxygen is present.
  4. What reactants do you get if you react a metal carbonate with an acid?
    The reactants that you get are a salt, carbon dioxide and water.
  5. What are the uses of Calcium Oxide (Quicklime)?
    Steel making, as an industrial drying agent or on fields to reduce soil acidity.
  6. What are the uses of Calcium Hydroxide (Slaked Lime)?
    On fields to reduce soil acidity or in lakes to neutralize effects of acid rain.
  7. What are the uses of Limewater?
    To test for carbon dioxide.
  8. What is the reaction of a metal carbonate and an acid known as?
    Neutralization.
  9. What is acid rain?
    Acid rain is rain with a pH of 5.6 or lower.
  10. What is acid rain caused by?
    Acid rain is caused by the pollutants sulphur dioxide and nitric oxides.
  11. What does acid rain do to Limestone buildings?
    It weathers them.
  12. What is cement used as?
    A binder in concrete and mortar.
  13. How is cement made?
    By heating limestone or clay and adding Gypsum (a compound from limestone) then ground into powder.
  14. What can mortar be used for?
    Bricklaying and stonework.
  15. How is mortar made?
    It is made from mixing cement, water and sand.
  16. What can concrete be used for?
    Foundations for buildings and large structure, such as car parks.
  17. How is concrete made?
    It is made from cement, water, sand and gravel.
  18. What is reinforced concrete?
    It is concrete that has steel rods or wood in it to increase its strength and flexibility.
  19. What is the reaction of a metal oxide called?
    It is called base.
  20. What do bases react with?
    Bases are chemicals which react with an acid to produce a salt and water.
  21. To fizz =......?
    To effervesce.
  22. A base that is soluble in water is called an.....?
    Alkali.
  23. What is the reaction between a base and an acid called?
    Neutralization.
  24. What salt do you get when you react Calcium Carbonate with Hydrochloric Acid?
    Calcium Chloride.
  25. What salt do you get when you react Copper Carbonate with Sulphuric Acid?
    Copper Sulphate.
  26. What salt do you get when you react Magnesium Carbonate with Nitric Acid?
    Magnesium Nitrate.
  27. What salt do you get when you react Zinc Carbonate with Hydrochloric Acid?
    Zinc Chloride.

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