Minerals & Utilization

Card Set Information

Author:
alyssau12
ID:
299445
Filename:
Minerals & Utilization
Updated:
2015-03-29 15:11:52
Tags:
ANSC
Folders:
Equine Nutrition
Description:
ANSC
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  1. What functions involve minerals?
    • structural
    • regulatory
    • catalytic
    • energy geneartion
  2. How many essential minerals are there?
    21
  3. What is the importance of Cobalt?
    necessary for the synthesis of Vitamin B12
  4. What hormones regulate levels of Ca in the blood?
    • Calcitonin (fed; high levels)
    • Parathyroid Gland (fasted; low levels)
  5. Calcium deficiency causes:
    • rickets (young animals)
    • osteomalacia (older animals)
  6. Calcium toxicity causes:
    interference with absorption of other nutrients
  7. What is the importance of Phosphorus?
    • skeleton
    • energy transfer reactions
    • used in cell membranes
  8. Where is Phosphorus absorbed?
    some in the small intestine but more in the hindgut
  9. Phosphorus deficiency causes:
    • rickets
    • osteomalacia
    • depraved appetite
  10. Phosphorus toxicity causes:
    • NSH or Miller's Disease
    • effects other nutrients (esp Calcium)
  11. What type of feed has higher levels of Calcium?
    hay/forages
  12. What type of feed has higher levels of Phosphorus?
    grains
  13. What is the importance of Magnesium?
    • bones
    • teeth
    • activator of enzymes
    • muscle contraction
  14. Magnesium deficiency causes:
    tetany
  15. What is the importance of Potassium?
    electrolyte
  16. Potassium deficiency causes:
    • loss of weight
    • reduced appetite
  17. HYPP causes:
    • high levels of potassium in the blood during times of stress
    • give low quality forage with low potassium grains like oats
  18. What is the importance of sodium?
    important in maintaining osmotic pressure
  19. What is the importance of Iodine?
    • ATP metabolism
    • thermoregulation
  20. Iodine deficiency causes:
    goiter
  21. Iodine toxicity causes:
    • goiter
    • hypothyroidism
  22. What minerals can be over supplemented?
    • magnesium
    • iodine
  23. What is the importance of iron?
    hemaglobin
  24. Iron deficiency causes:
    anemia
  25. Iron toxicity causes:
    death in young foals
  26. What mineral is recycled in the body?
    iron

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