Minerals & Utilization
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What functions involve minerals?
- energy geneartion
How many essential minerals are there?
What is the importance of Cobalt?
necessary for the synthesis of Vitamin B12
What hormones regulate levels of Ca in the blood?
- Calcitonin (fed; high levels)
- Parathyroid Gland (fasted; low levels)
Calcium deficiency causes:
- rickets (young animals)
- osteomalacia (older animals)
Calcium toxicity causes:
interference with absorption of other nutrients
What is the importance of Phosphorus?
- energy transfer reactions
- used in cell membranes
Where is Phosphorus absorbed?
some in the small intestine but more in the hindgut
Phosphorus deficiency causes:
- depraved appetite
Phosphorus toxicity causes:
- NSH or Miller's Disease
- effects other nutrients (esp Calcium)
What type of feed has higher levels of Calcium?
What type of feed has higher levels of Phosphorus?
What is the importance of Magnesium?
- activator of enzymes
- muscle contraction
Magnesium deficiency causes:
What is the importance of Potassium?
Potassium deficiency causes:
- loss of weight
- reduced appetite
- high levels of potassium in the blood during times of stress
- give low quality forage with low potassium grains like oats
What is the importance of sodium?
important in maintaining osmotic pressure
What is the importance of Iodine?
- ATP metabolism
Iodine deficiency causes:
What minerals can be over supplemented?
What is the importance of iron?
Iron deficiency causes:
Iron toxicity causes:
death in young foals
What mineral is recycled in the body?
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