leg (lower limb)

The flashcards below were created by user BodeS on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Tibia
    Rt/Left
    • 1- Medial Malleolus
    •     medial
    • 2- distal
    • 3- Tibial Tuberosity
    •     anterior
    • 4- Soleal Line
    •     posterior
  2. how many Tarsal bones?
    seven
  3. calcaneus
    heel
  4. how many metatarsals?
    • I-V 
    • I big toe
  5. how many leg compartments?
    • posterior
    • anterior
    • lateral
  6. Posterior compartment
    • plantar flexors
    • toe flexors
  7. Anterior compartment
    • Dorsiflexion
    • Toe Extensors
  8. Lateral compartment
    Eversion of foot
  9. posterior leg
    superficial
    • Gastrocnemius
    • Soleal
  10. Gastrocnemius
    origin
    insertion
    action
    innervation
    • origin: lateral head-lateral condyle of Femur
    • medial head-medial condyle of Femur
    • insertion: calcaneal tendon (Achilles Heel)
    • action: Plantar Flexor
    • innervation: Tibial Nerve
  11. Soleal
    origin
    insertion
    action
    innervation
    • (deep to gastronemius)
    • origin: Soleal Line
    • insertion: calcaneal tendon
    • action: Plantar Flexor
    • innervation: Tibial Nerve
  12. Gastrocnemius
    Soleal
    vs. 
    Standing action
    • alternate Planter Flexion
    • to keep us standing
  13. Posterior leg
    deep
    • Tibalis Posterior
    • Flexor Digitorium Longus
    • Flexor Hallucis Longus
  14. Tibalis Posterior 
    origin
    insertion
    action
    innervation
    • origin: posterior tibia
    • insertion: Plantar foot
    • action: Plantar Flexor
    • *INVERTS THE FOOT*
    • innervation: Tibial Nerve
  15. Flexor Digitorium Longus
    Flexor Hallucis Longus
    origin
    insertion
    action
    innervation
    • origin: Posterior Fibula
    • and posterior tibia
    • insertion: Plantar toes
    • action: flex toes
    • innervation: Tibial Nerve
  16. Anterior Leg
    superficial
    • Tibalis Anterior
    • Extensor Digitorium Longus
    • Extensor Hallucis Longus
  17. Tibialis Anterior
    origin
    insertion
    action
    innervation
    • origin: Anterior Lateral Tibia
    • insertion: Medial Plantar Foot
    • action: Dorsiflexion
    • INVERTS THE FOOT
    • innervation: Deep Fibular Nerve
  18. synergists for Dorsiflexion
    • Tibialis Anterior
    • and 
    • Fibularis Tertius
  19. Extensor Digitorium Longus
    Extensor Hallucis Longus
    origin 
    insertion
    action
    innervation
    • origin: Anterior Lateral Tibia
    • insertion: Dorsum of Toes
    • action: Extensor of Toes
    • innervation: Deep Fibular Nerve
  20. Lateral Leg
    superficial
    • Fibularis Longus
    • Fibularis Brevis
  21. Fibularis Longus
    Fibularis Brevis 
    origin
    insertion
    action
    innervation
    • origin: Fibularis Longus- head of Fibula
    • Fibularis Brevis- lateral Fibula
    • insertion: Lateral Plantar Foot
    • action: Eversion of Foot
    • innervation: Superficial Fibular Nerves
  22. Image Upload
    Tibia
  23. Image Upload
    • B. lateral condyle
    • D. tibial tuberosity
    • F. facet for head of fibula
  24. Image Upload
    H. shin
  25. Image Upload
    E. soleal line
  26. Image Upload
    G. medial malleolus
  27. Image Upload
    • B. lateral condyle
    • C. intercondylar emenince
  28. Image Upload
    A. medial condyle
  29. Image Upload
    Fibula
  30. Image Upload
    C. lateral malleolus
  31. Image Upload
    largest segoid bone in body
  32. Image Upload

    Image Upload
    • A. calcaneus bone
    • B. talus
    • C. tarsals
    • D. metatarsals
    • E. phalanges
  33. Image Upload
    M. gastrocnemius
  34. Image Upload
    N. soleus
  35. Image Upload
    V. fibularis
  36. Image Upload
    • T. tibialis anterior  
    • U. extensors of the toes
  37. Image Upload
    • ID: head of femur
    • muscle: fibularis
    • flexor digitorium longus
    • flexor hallucis longus
  38. name 2 muscles that attach to the calcaneus.
    • gastrocnemius
    • soleal
  39. name 2 muscles that attach to the anterior lateral tibia.
    • extensor digitorium longus
    • extensor hallucis longus
    • tibialis anterior
  40. name two muscles that invert the foot.
    • tibialis posterior
    • tibialis anterior
Author:
BodeS
ID:
299474
Card Set:
leg (lower limb)
Updated:
2015-05-16 02:14:27
Tags:
anattomy
Folders:

Description:
bones and muscles
Show Answers: