leg (lower limb)

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Author:
BodeS
ID:
299474
Filename:
leg (lower limb)
Updated:
2015-05-15 22:14:27
Tags:
anattomy
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Description:
bones and muscles
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  1. Tibia
    Rt/Left
    • 1- Medial Malleolus
    •     medial
    • 2- distal
    • 3- Tibial Tuberosity
    •     anterior
    • 4- Soleal Line
    •     posterior
  2. how many Tarsal bones?
    seven
  3. calcaneus
    heel
  4. how many metatarsals?
    • I-V 
    • I big toe
  5. how many leg compartments?
    • posterior
    • anterior
    • lateral
  6. Posterior compartment
    • plantar flexors
    • toe flexors
  7. Anterior compartment
    • Dorsiflexion
    • Toe Extensors
  8. Lateral compartment
    Eversion of foot
  9. posterior leg
    superficial
    • Gastrocnemius
    • Soleal
  10. Gastrocnemius
    origin
    insertion
    action
    innervation
    • origin: lateral head-lateral condyle of Femur
    • medial head-medial condyle of Femur
    • insertion: calcaneal tendon (Achilles Heel)
    • action: Plantar Flexor
    • innervation: Tibial Nerve
  11. Soleal
    origin
    insertion
    action
    innervation
    • (deep to gastronemius)
    • origin: Soleal Line
    • insertion: calcaneal tendon
    • action: Plantar Flexor
    • innervation: Tibial Nerve
  12. Gastrocnemius
    Soleal
    vs. 
    Standing action
    • alternate Planter Flexion
    • to keep us standing
  13. Posterior leg
    deep
    • Tibalis Posterior
    • Flexor Digitorium Longus
    • Flexor Hallucis Longus
  14. Tibalis Posterior 
    origin
    insertion
    action
    innervation
    • origin: posterior tibia
    • insertion: Plantar foot
    • action: Plantar Flexor
    • *INVERTS THE FOOT*
    • innervation: Tibial Nerve
  15. Flexor Digitorium Longus
    Flexor Hallucis Longus
    origin
    insertion
    action
    innervation
    • origin: Posterior Fibula
    • and posterior tibia
    • insertion: Plantar toes
    • action: flex toes
    • innervation: Tibial Nerve
  16. Anterior Leg
    superficial
    • Tibalis Anterior
    • Extensor Digitorium Longus
    • Extensor Hallucis Longus
  17. Tibialis Anterior
    origin
    insertion
    action
    innervation
    • origin: Anterior Lateral Tibia
    • insertion: Medial Plantar Foot
    • action: Dorsiflexion
    • INVERTS THE FOOT
    • innervation: Deep Fibular Nerve
  18. synergists for Dorsiflexion
    • Tibialis Anterior
    • and 
    • Fibularis Tertius
  19. Extensor Digitorium Longus
    Extensor Hallucis Longus
    origin 
    insertion
    action
    innervation
    • origin: Anterior Lateral Tibia
    • insertion: Dorsum of Toes
    • action: Extensor of Toes
    • innervation: Deep Fibular Nerve
  20. Lateral Leg
    superficial
    • Fibularis Longus
    • Fibularis Brevis
  21. Fibularis Longus
    Fibularis Brevis 
    origin
    insertion
    action
    innervation
    • origin: Fibularis Longus- head of Fibula
    • Fibularis Brevis- lateral Fibula
    • insertion: Lateral Plantar Foot
    • action: Eversion of Foot
    • innervation: Superficial Fibular Nerves
  22. Tibia
    • B. lateral condyle
    • D. tibial tuberosity
    • F. facet for head of fibula
  23. H. shin
  24. E. soleal line
  25. G. medial malleolus
    • B. lateral condyle
    • C. intercondylar emenince
  26. A. medial condyle
  27. Fibula
  28. C. lateral malleolus
  29. largest segoid bone in body


    • A. calcaneus bone
    • B. talus
    • C. tarsals
    • D. metatarsals
    • E. phalanges
  30. M. gastrocnemius
  31. N. soleus
  32. V. fibularis
    • T. tibialis anterior  
    • U. extensors of the toes
    • ID: head of femur
    • muscle: fibularis
    • flexor digitorium longus
    • flexor hallucis longus
  33. name 2 muscles that attach to the calcaneus.
    • gastrocnemius
    • soleal
  34. name 2 muscles that attach to the anterior lateral tibia.
    • extensor digitorium longus
    • extensor hallucis longus
    • tibialis anterior
  35. name two muscles that invert the foot.
    • tibialis posterior
    • tibialis anterior

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