Origins of the Cold War

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Author:
yuppitzgio
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299479
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Origins of the Cold War
Updated:
2015-03-29 20:59:40
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  1. proxy wars
    • wars fought w/ allies or b/t allies but never b/t the US & USSR
    • Korean war
    • Vietnam war
    • Arab-Israeli conflict
    • Afghanistan war
    • Iran-Iraq wars
  2. Superpower
    • a leading nation w/ powerful military, political & social influence worldwide
    • Before WWII: Br, Fr, It, Germ, US, Jap, USSR
    • After WWII: US & USSR --> competition
  3. Yalta Conference
    • Big 3 met (FDR, Stalin, Churchill)
    • Germany, Berlin, Austria, Vienna, would all be divided into 4 parts (temporary)
    • Eastern Europe - countries would have free elections & be friendly w/ Stalin
  4. Potsdam Conference
    • Allied leaders agree on several things:
    • 1. Germany's division temporary
    • 2. Demilitarize Germany
    • 3. Outlaw Nazi Party
    • 4. Germany - democratic republic
    • 5. War criminals placed on trial
  5. Nurember Trials
    • top Nazis are placed on trial
    • Nazis were declared a criminal organization
    • an agreement from Potsdam Conference
  6. United Nations
    • 51 nations met in April 1945 & drafted the UN Charter
    • Purpose: maintain peace & security & international cooperation to solve problems
    • General Assembly
    • Security Council
  7. all member Nations, collect dues, Draft Budgets, appoint office
    General Assembly
  8. Security Council
    • Take economic or military action
    • 5 permanent members
    • 10 temporary --> 2 yr. terms
  9. Members of Security Council in 1945 and 2015
    • 1945: Br, Fr, US, USSR, Republic of China
    • 2015: Br, Fr, US, Russia, People's Republic of China
  10. NATO
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization
    • if one member was attacked, all others would take action
    • April 1949
    • Created in response to possible Soviet aggression
    • No time restrictions - still intact today
    • Relied on US military & nuclear weapons to deter Soviet aggression
    • Dominated by US
  11. Warsaw Pact
    • Soviet Union & its satellites enter a formal agreement similar as NATO
    • May 1955
    • Created in response to West Germany joining NATO
    • 20 yr. mutual defense agreement
    • Outnumbered NATO ground forces
    • Tightly controlled & monitored by USSR
  12. Iron Curtain symbolic & physical boundary of Europe during the Cold War (dubbed by Winston Churchill)
    Iron Curtain
  13. the spread of communism is a threat to democracy
    Truman Doctrine
  14. US would offer aid to any country resisting communism
    Containment
  15. billions of $ for recovery; rebuild economies & industry in Europe
    Marshall Plan
  16. leader of Chinese Communist Party
    Mao Zedong
  17. How has the world tried to keep peace?
    • Collective Defense - my gang against your gang (Old Way) - NATO vs Warsaw Pact
    • Collective Security - all countries joining together for world peace (UN)
    • Divide - East & West Germany, East & West Pakistan, Israel & Palestine, North & South Vietnam (17th Parallel), North & South Korea (38th Parallel)
  18. Plebiscite
    • Korean people vote to decide what type of govt.
    • Soviets blocked the vote
  19. South Korean nationalist & anti-communist
    Syngman Rhee
  20. North Korean communist; supported by Mao & Stalin
    Kim Il Sung
  21. How Korean Civil War begins
    north invades south (38th Parallel)
  22. North Korean forces push down the peninsula, leaving only the city of _____
    Pusan
  23. General MacArthur lands UN forces at _____ & cut North's supply lines
    Inchon
  24. DMZ
    • Demilitarized Zone
    • Fortified line b/t North & South
  25. city located on DMZ
    both sides come here to yell at each other
    Panmunjom

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