Rhetorical terms 2

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Author:
keerben
ID:
299487
Filename:
Rhetorical terms 2
Updated:
2015-03-29 23:39:29
Tags:
rhetoric
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English
Description:
study for AP exam
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  1. analogy
    a similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship between them.
  2. epistrophe
    repetition of a group of words at the end of clauses
  3. hypophora
    figure of reasoning in which a question is asked and then ANSWERED by the author
  4. aphorism
    brief saying embodying a moral; a concise statement of a principle or precept given in ponted words
  5. apostrophe
    an absent person, inanimate object, or abstract being is addressed directly
  6. paradox
    a statement which seems self- contradictory, but which may reveal some truth; forces the reader to pause and seek clarity
  7. chiasmus
    syntactical structure by which the order of the terms in the first two parallel clauses is reversed in the second. May involve repetition of same words or just a reversed parallel between two pairs of ideas
  8. hyperbole
    exaggeration;
  9. litotes
    opposite of hyperbole; intensifies an idea by understatement using a word opposite to the condition
  10. anadiplosis
    repeats the last word of one phrase, clause, etc at or near the beginning of the next. It can be generated in series for the sake of beauty or to give a sense of logical progression
  11. euphemism
    an inoffesive expression that is substituted for one that is offensive or harsh; makes the idea more acceptable by the reader
  12. satire
    use of ridicule, sarcasm, irony, etc. to expose vices, abuses, etc.
  13. simple sentence
    also called an independent clause, contains a subject and a verb, and it expresses a complete thought
  14. compound sentence
    two or more independent clauses joined by a conjunction or a semi- colon
  15. complex sentence
    contains one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses
  16. description
    the picturing in words of something or someone through detailed observation of color, motion, sound, taste, smell, touch (sensory details)
  17. narration
    act of telling a story, usually bases on personal experience; descriptive elements- senses, metaphors, similes
  18. classification
    takes individual examples and groups them based on common traits. Organizes for the reader
  19. definition
    process of explaining a word, object, or idea in such a way that the reader knows precisely what the writer means.
  20. cause/ effect
    presents the causes and/ or effects of a situation or phenomenon; this can be used as an author's main organizational strategy, or it can be a paragraph used to support a point in an essay developed through another pattern

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