a similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship between them.
repetition of a group of words at the end of clauses
figure of reasoning in which a question is asked and then ANSWERED by the author
brief saying embodying a moral; a concise statement of a principle or precept given in ponted words
an absent person, inanimate object, or abstract being is addressed directly
a statement which seems self- contradictory, but which may reveal some truth; forces the reader to pause and seek clarity
syntactical structure by which the order of the terms in the first two parallel clauses is reversed in the second. May involve repetition of same words or just a reversed parallel between two pairs of ideas
opposite of hyperbole; intensifies an idea by understatement using a word opposite to the condition
repeats the last word of one phrase, clause, etc at or near the beginning of the next. It can be generated in series for the sake of beauty or to give a sense of logical progression
an inoffesive expression that is substituted for one that is offensive or harsh; makes the idea more acceptable by the reader
use of ridicule, sarcasm, irony, etc. to expose vices, abuses, etc.
also called an independent clause, contains a subject and a verb, and it expresses a complete thought
two or more independent clauses joined by a conjunction or a semi- colon
contains one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses
the picturing in words of something or someone through detailed observation of color, motion, sound, taste, smell, touch (sensory details)
act of telling a story, usually bases on personal experience; descriptive elements- senses, metaphors, similes
takes individual examples and groups them based on common traits. Organizes for the reader
process of explaining a word, object, or idea in such a way that the reader knows precisely what the writer means.
presents the causes and/ or effects of a situation or phenomenon; this can be used as an author's main organizational strategy, or it can be a paragraph used to support a point in an essay developed through another pattern