Mgmt 425 E2 Chapter 5

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jessenliz2010
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Mgmt 425 E2 Chapter 5
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2015-03-31 15:06:18
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mgmt 425 e2
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Mgmt 425 e2 ch 5
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  1. What is the belief of people who promote free trade in international trade?
    free trade leads to economic prosperity as measured by GDP
  2. Free trade thinkers promote the idea that free trade is ______ of every country
    in the best economic interest
  3. Name three beliefs of Free Trade thinkers
    • It will increase standard of living in the economy (higher income)
    • It improves competition in the economy (innovation, selection, lower price)
    • It makes the economy more efficient
  4. How do Free Trade thinkers discredit those who believe in Protectionism?
    they believe it is unjust (high prices affect lower class) and wasteful (less innovation, quality, variety that wastes scarce economic resources
  5. What are the beliefs of those who prefer Protectionism over Free Trade in International trade?
    At certain times, under certain conditions, and for a limited time, some degree of protectionism is justified
  6. What are some areas the those who believe in Protectionism consider it to be justified?
    • National Security/Sovereignty
    • Infant or Mature Industry Protection
    • Domestic Job Protection against Low-Cost Countries
    • Anti-Dumping Measure and Formeasures
    • Retaliation Against Unfair Trading Countries
  7. _____ an explanation of a complex life phenomenon that has been tested and proven to hold true (describes and helps make predictions)
    theory
  8. What are the International Trade Theories?
    • Mercantilism
    • Absolute Advantage
    • Comparative Advantage
    • Factor Proportions Theory
    • International Product Life Cycle
    • New Trade Theory
    • National Competitive Advantage
  9. International Trade Theory that believes in more exports than imports
    Mercantilism (Classical view)
  10. International Trade Theory that believes in producing goods more efficiently than other nations
    Absolute Advantage
  11. International Trade Theory that believes in the ability to produce a good more efficiently than it does other goods
    Comparative Advantage
  12. International Trade Theory that believes in producing and exporting goods that require resources that are abundant and importing goods that require resources in short supply
    Factor Proportions Theory
  13. International Trade Theory that believes in beginning by exporting its products and later undertaking foreign direct investments as the product moves through the life cycle (the exporter becomes the importer)
    International Product Life Cycle
  14. International Trade Theory that believes in first-mover advantage
    New Trade Theory (Neo-Classical)
  15. International Trade Theory that believes in a nation's competitiveness depends ont he ability to innovate and upgrade
    National Competitive Advantage
  16. What are benefits of international trade?
    create jobs
  17. Countries that depend on exports are _______
    export economies
  18. What are the trade compositions?
    • production specifications
    • direction: from ____ to ____
    • $ or physical volume
  19. Name the comparative elements in an exporting case study.
    • invoice price
    • ad valorem tax
    • specific tax
    • Labor & Materials
  20. the purchase, sale, or exchange of goods and services across national borders
    international trade
  21. Nations that embrace _____ are seeing trade grow in importance for their economies.
    globalization
  22. One way to measure the importance of trade is to examine __________
    the volume of an economy's trade relative to its total output
  23. Trade = (___ +____) / _____
    (exports + imports)/ GDP
  24. What are benefits to international trade?
    • opens doors to new entrepreneurial opportunities
    • provides a greater choice of goods and services
    • important for job creation in many countries
  25. Most of the world merchandise trade is composed of ________.
    trade manufactured goods
  26. Trade in services is relatively more important for _______.
    the world's richest countries
  27. Trade slows during recessions because people buy fewer ____ and ____ products.
    • domestic
    • imported
  28. The level of ______ influences the level of international trade
    world output
  29. ____ has consistently grown faster than output
    trade
  30. Customs agencies in most countries record the ____ of exports, the ____ of imports, and the _____ and ______ of goods crossing the borders
    • destination
    • source
    • physical quantities
    • values
  31. In international trade, the reporting of trade is sometime deliberately _____.
    distorted
  32. Trade between the world's high-income economies account for ___% of total world merchandise trade
    60%
  33. Trade between high and low- and middle-income nations accounts for ____ % of total world merchandise trade
    34%
  34. Trade between low- and middle-income nations accounts for ___ % of total world merchandise trade
    6%
  35. The world's poorest nations have low ______.
    purchasing power
  36. Nations in Europe followed this economic philosophy from 1500 to the late 1700s.
    Mercantilism
  37. trade theory that nations should accumulate financial wealth by encouraging exports and discouraging imports
    mercantilism
  38. The most prominent mercantilist nations included which countries?
    • Britain
    • France
    • Netherlands
    • Portugal
    • Spain
  39. Colonial trade was conducted for the benefit of mother countries, and the appeal of the colonies was their ______
    abundant resources
  40. How did countries implement mercantilism?
    • trade surpluses
    • government intervention
    • colonialism
  41. What is an ad valorem tax?
    percentage of the stated price of an imported product (invoice price)
  42. What is specific tax?
    specific fee for each unit(number, weight) of an imported product

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