Westwind 1124 Limitations

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Author:
periquito
ID:
299664
Filename:
Westwind 1124 Limitations
Updated:
2016-04-30 00:25:53
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limitations operating limits
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Limitations Westwind 1124 Aircrafts
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  1. Authorized Operations
    • Carriage of passengers
    • Day and night VFR
    • IFR
    • Known Icing Conditions
    • Extended overwater when req equip installed in accordance with rules
  2. Baggage Limits Forward
    • Forward
    • 820 lbs / floor load 105 lbs/ft²
  3. Baggage Compartment Limits Aft
    Aft 250 lbs / floor load 32 lb/ft²
  4. Certification Status
    FAR, PART 25
  5. MANUEVERS (Prohibited)
    • Aerobatic Manuevers and spins
    • intentional stalls w surface de ice operating or SURFACE DE ICE iluminated
    • take off with stab trim inoperative
    • landing with fuel in tip tanks
    • take off or landing w surf de icing operating
  6. Minimun Crew
    Pilot and copilot
  7. Max Altitud
    Autopilot and Yaw Damper inop
    20000 Ft
  8. Altitud Maximuns
    Flaps 0 to 12
    20000 Ft
  9. Altitud Maximuns
    Flaps 20°
    10.000 Ft
  10. Altituds Maximun (2)
    Boost Pumps Inoperative
    20000 Ft
  11. Max Altitud Cabin Air Selector in Ram
    13.000 Ft or below
  12. Maximum Altitud
    Flap Operation and Landing Gear Operation
    20000 Ft
  13. Max Field Elevation
    10,000 Ft
  14. Maximun Operating Altitud
    45,000 Ft
  15. Load Limits (gravity)
    • Flaps and Landing Gear Up
    • 2.8 G to -1.0 G

    • Flaps and Landiing Gear Down
    • 2.0 G to 0.0 G
  16. Operational Limitations
    Take Off and Landing Presure Altitude
    -2,000 ft to 10,000 ft
  17. Operational Limitation
    Maximum temperatures
    Ambient Temperature -54°C to ISA +35°C
  18. Operational Limitations
    Tail Wind Component Maximum
    10Kts
  19. Operational Limitations
    Runway Slope Limit
    +2%
  20. Speed Limitations
    Va Manuevering Speed

    (Speed where full deflection of any flight control surface should not be attempted because of the risk of damage to the aircraft structure)
    • 23,500 Lbs/ 230 Kts
    • 20,700 Lbs/ 230 Kts
    • 19,000 Lbs/ 217 Kts
    • 17,500 Lbs/ 204 Kts
    • 15,000 Lbs/ 182 Kts
    • 13,500 Lbs/ 170 Kts
    • 12,800 Lbs/ 164 Kts
    • 12,000 Lbs/ 159 Kts
  21. Vfe , maximun Flap Extended Speed 12° or 20°
    250 Kts
  22. Vfe , maximun Flap Extended Speed Flaps 40°
    180 Kts
  23. Vle / Vlo
    Maximun Landing Gear Operating/ Extended Speed
    • Vle/Vlo
    • 180 kts
    • This is the maximun speed at which it is safe to operate with the landing gear extended
  24. Vmca
    Minimun Control Speed in Air Flap 0°
    106 Kts
  25. VmcaMinimun Control Speed in Air
    Flaps 12°/20°
    104 Kts
  26. VMCG
    Minimun Control Speed on Ground
    • Flaps 0° and 12°
    • 93 Kts

    • Flaps 20°
    • 90 Kts
  27. VMO / MMO
    Maximun Operarting Speed Sea level to 19,500ft
    • 365 Kts Decreasing 6 kts/ 1,000 ft to 29,000 ft
    • 308 Kts
  28. VMO / MMOMaximun Operarting Speed Above 29,000Ft
    • Above 29,0000
    • .80 M
  29. Maximun Tire Ground Speed
    Airspeed
    174 Kts/ 200 MPH
  30. Turbulen Air Penetrartion Speed
    Based on Manuvering Speed Va

    Speed above which, to make full application of any single flight control may generate forces greater than the aircraft's structural limitations.
    The recomended turbulent air penetartion speed is Va minus 10 Kts
  31. Wind Components
    • CrossWind Component
    • Westwind2 /23 Kts (demostrated value but not limiting)

    • Tailwind Component
    • 10 Kts
  32. Direct Vision (DV) Window Speed
    250 KTS Maximun speed for openning the window
  33. Windshield Heat Inoperative Speeds if one or Both
    Maximun Below 10,000 limited to 320 KTS
  34. Maximun Ramp Weight and Take Off Weigh
    Ramp Weight 23,650 LBS

    Take Off Weight 23,500 Lbs

    • Limited by:
    • Max certf take off weight
    • Second Segment Climb (2,4)
    • Takeoff fiel length limitation
    • Brake energy
    • Tireground speed
  35. Maximun Landing Weight
    19,000 lbs
  36. Maximun Zero Fuel Weight MZFW
    16,500 Lbs
  37. Minimun Flight Weight
    12,000 lbs
  38. Take Off and Landing Operation
    Runway Slope?
    +2% (Up) Maximun
  39. Take Off and Landing Operation
    Water/Slush Maximun
    Warter/Slush 1/2 inch
  40. Autopilot for takeoff and landing below cat 1 landing minima________
    Do not use
  41. During flight with autopilot engaged in respect with pilots.
    a pilot miust be in the cockpit at all times
  42. Do not take off if batt temp is___  or BATT OVERHEAT IS ______
    140° / iluminated
  43. Takeoff is______with stab trim sys inop
    prohibited
  44. For Take Off, Surface deice must be____
    off
  45. (Pressurization) Cabin must be _______before landing
    depressurized
  46. Runway must be prepared with _____ surface for take off and landing
    Hard
  47. Take Off ITT of ___°C limited for _ minutes
    907°C and 5 min
  48. Warter/Slush max
    1/2 inch
  49. Do not use autopilot for and/or in flight?
    (2 conds)
    • Takeoff landing below cat 1 landing minima
    • During flight with autopilot engaged a pilot must be in the cockpit seated at the controls with seat belt fastened at all times
  50. Do not take off if batt temp is (temp) or light?
    140°C or BATT OVERHEAT IS iluminated
  51. Takeoff is prohibited w stab trim sys?
    Inoperative
  52. Enroute Operation limitations
    Flood Duct must _______flight?
    Must be pushed in
  53. Surface de ice must be ______ for take off
    Off
  54. Cabin must be depressurized before?
    landing
  55. Runway must be prepared with____ surface
    hard
  56. Take Off ITT of _____°C limited for ____ minutes
    907°C and 5 minutes
  57. Do not land with fuel in _____ tanks
    Tip
  58. Enroute Operation Limits
    If engine must be shutted down in Flight?
    Run if possible for one minute
  59. Enroute Operation Limits
    Landing gear do not operate over what altitud?
    20,000 Ft
  60. Enroute Operation Limits
    When Lift Dumpers must be Off?
    Off in Flight
  61. Enroute Operation Limits
    Crew must use Oxygen and Pax have mask ready for use at what altitude?
    41,000 Ft
  62. Airframe Overview

    Before DV Window can be opened, the following cond must be accomplished (3)
    • Remove loose articles from area
    • Depresurize cabin
    • Mantain airspeed below 250 KTS
  63. HF Transceiver when transmiting momentary inaccuarcy occurs in
    Total Fuel Quantity indicator on freq 10500 KHz

    ADF Indicator Tx low and med freq up to 11.000 Khz
  64. Stand By Compass, Windshield heat must be____
    Off
  65. Electrical
    Batt temp limits,Do not take off if
    140°C and BATT OVERHEAT light iluminated
  66. Starter Gen Limits
    • AFC 612 300 amp max continuos
    • AFC 1213 260 amp max continuos

    • With AFC 612 or 1213
    • Ground Oper AFC 350 amp max continuos
    • Flight Oper   AFC  275 amp max continuos
  67. Starter Generator Clearing limitation
    • Motoring no ignition
    • 15 sec on/ 2 min off/ For 3 Cycles
  68. Flight Controls
    Angle of Attack
    No operation must be predicated on the angle of attack System
  69. Do not operate flaps above ______ Ft
    20,000 Ft
  70. Flap Unbalance Test, if flap unbalance does_____ during test, unbalance detection sys is_______. Do ___ operate Flaps
    • not come ON
    • Unnserviceable
    • NOT
  71. Lift Dump switch must be ____while airborne
    OFF
  72. Stabilizer Trim
    Take Off is prohibeted with ______or _____ stabilizer trim system_________
    • Normal or Override
    • inoperative
  73. Aproved Fuels
    • JET A
    • JET A1
    • JET B and JP-4
    • JP-5
    • (JP-4 was a 50-50 kerosene-gasoline blend)
  74. Fuel Capacity 6,7 lbs/U.S. gal at 15°C
    Wing Tanks + Fuselage Tank total
    • Westwind1  1,300 gal  8,710 lbs
    • Westwind2  1,310 gal  8,910 lbs
  75. Fuel Capacity 6,7 lbs/U.S. gal at 15°C
    Tip Tanks /each
    • Westwind1  115 gal  770 lbs
    • Westwind2  115 gal  770 lbs
  76. Fuel Capacity 6,7 lbs/U.S. gal at 15°C
    Aux Tanks /each
    100 gal       670 lbs
  77. Maximun Fuel Unbalance

    Take off and Landing?
    In Flight?
    • 300 lbs
    • 800 lbs
  78. Hydraulic Fluid
    These can be used and mixed without restrictions
    • Type II Skydrol 500A and B,
    • Type III,Chevron International and Skydrol
    • Type IV,Chevron Hyjet
  79. Ice and Rain Protecction
    Cont Ignition recomended for
    Take off and Landing
  80. Engine Nacelle and Anti Icing, before activating anti icing
    Initiate cont ignition
  81. When operating in icing conditions, ENG/NAC anti ice push buttons must be actuated and sufficient _____mantained to ________NAC ON lights
    trust / iluminate
  82. Anti Ice must be ___before entering icing cond and with ______moisture at an ambient temp of ____°C or below
    ON/ visible / 10°C
  83. Limit anti ice operation to ___ seconds per eng during gnd check when ambient temp above ____°C and icing conditions do not exist
    10 sec / 4.4°C
  84. Before Flying into known icing condition
    • cont ign before activating eng/nac anti ice leave on
    • Use anti icing continuosly while in icing cond
    • If ice already acumulated, de ice one eng at a time due to flame out.
    • Activation of anti ice at high trust setting may req trust adjustment to control ITT
  85. Surface De Icing must be ___ for ____and ____
    Do not operate surface de icieng below ___°C to prevent boot cracking
    • OFF/ Take Off and Landing
    • -40°C oat
  86. Windshield Heat must be off when using the _______
    standby compass
  87. With Gear Horn OFF push botton depressed, lnd gear horn is deactivated excep with flap___
    40
  88. With Gear Horn OFF push botton depressed, lnd gear horn is deactivated excep with flap___
    flp 40
  89. Taxi in congested areas with anti skid sys ___
    Off
  90. Parking Brakes do Not Hold with Anti Skid_____
    ON
  91. Maximun Reverse Trust may be used at field elecvations to
    5300 Ft
  92. Normal reverse N1 setting is___RPM at MSL
    75% , standard day and is modulated by the EFC Computer, accordind to OAT and Alt.
  93. At Field Elev above 5300ft rev trust is limited to
    73% N1 RPM
  94. Reverse Trust, Do Not exceed idle deploy position with with______Illuminated
    Unsafe Light
  95. Reverse Trust, Below 60 Kts do_______
    Not Exeed idle deploy position
  96. Reverse Trust, Do not deploy rev trust for more than ____min
    1 minute maximum
  97. Pneumatic and Pressurization
    Max Diff Pressure
    9.0 psi
  98. Powerplant
    Minimum Ambient Temp for starting
    -54°C
  99. Powerplant
    Minimum Ambient Temp using JP5
    29°C
  100. Powerplant
    At temperatures below ___°C preheat engine before start
    -40°C
  101. Aproved Oils conforming AiResearch Specs EMS 53110, Type II are approved
    • Esso/ Exxon Turbo Oil 2380
    • Mobil Jet Oil II
    • Castrol 5000

    • These can be mixed
    • Other Types of oil are not approved
  102. Engine Operating Limits
    Start ITT
    907°C
  103. Engine Operating Limits
    Take Off transient ITT and time
    907°C to 939°C for 10 sec
  104. Engine Operating Limits
    Max Continous ITT and time
    885°C for 30 min
  105. Engine Operating Limits
    Cruise ITT and time
    849°C
  106. Engine Operating Limits
    Transient N2% RPM
    • 100.0% to 103% 1 minute
    • 103% to 105% 5 seconds
  107. Engine Operating Limits
    Transient N1% RPM
    • 101.5% to 103% 1Minute
    • 103% to 105% 5 seconds
  108. Engine Operating Limits
    Overspeed N1 N2
    105%

    If exeeded, engine removal is required
  109. Fan Biding
    If eng starting is required in lees than ___ hr, rotate fan rotor direccion _____, ____ min after shutt down
    clock wise, 10 min
  110. If inadvertent Engine Shutt Down Occurs, what should you do?
    Inmediately Shutt Down the Engine. Do complete starting procedure before starting
  111. Engine Oil
    Check oil level within ___ min after shutt down.
    If not run engine at ____ for ___ minutes, and recheck.
    • 15 min
    • Idle
    • 5 min
  112. Clearing Engines
    Allow ____minutes for fuel to drain or
    3 minutes
  113. Motoring Engines
    After Cool-off period of ____min, another start may be attempted
    Motoring ___Cycles (___seconds on, ____minutes off) After___Cycles, ____min is required
    • 2 min intially
    • 3 cyc, 15 sec, 2 min, 3 cyc 20 min cooling
  114. Motoring Eng in Exees of 2 min, causes _____  of the accesory gear box
    Oil Flooding
  115. Oil Pressure Rising when Starting at ___ sec. after light off

    At -40°C preheat eng before starting
    10 sec
  116. Oil Pressure at Idle
    25 - 46 PSI
  117. During start, must have N1 indication at ___ % of N2.
    • 20%
    • If not, abort Start
  118. Transient ITT limits are between
    9-- °C to 9--°C for ___ secs.
    • 907°C and  939°C
    • 10 secs
  119. If ITT 939°C is exeeded for less than 10 sec , inmediately ____ trust.
    Record ____ and _____
    • Reduce
    • Maximum Temperature
    • Duration

    Adjust EEC next time
  120. If ITT 939°C is exeeded or ___°C is attained , a hot seccion inspeccion is required.
    977°C
  121. If sudden ITT rise is noted, _____engine coast down for _____ noises. Motor engine by means of ____ ____
    • monitor
    • unusual
    • Engine Starter
  122. Oil pressure at Take Off , Climb and Cruise
    38 psi - 46 psi
  123. Engine starting
    From ___ N1 to Light off ___ sec
    10% - 10 seconds
  124. Engine Starting on ground
    From Ligh Off to Idle
    50 Sec
  125. Air Starts
    Tiempo de ___ sec from Initial Fuel Flow to ___ % N2
    • 25 Seconds
    • 60%
  126. Engine Shut Down on ground
    Operate ___ min at Idle
    3 min., including taxi time.
  127. If engine shut down is necessary at above cruise power, cool at ___ for ___ min
    Idle / 1 min.
  128. Take off ITT of ___ for ___min
    907°C for 5 min maximum

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