Social Psychology GROUP INFLUENCE

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  1. What is a group?
    Two or more people who, for longer than a few moments, interact with and influence one another and perceive one another as “us”
  2. What is a function of group?
    • •To affiliate (to belong to and
    • connect with others)

    •To achieve

    •To gain a social identity
  3. What is social facilitation?
    Strengthening of dominant (prevalent, likely) responses whether correct or incorrect in the presence of others
  4. How social facilitation can be applied to learning?
    •Take less to learn a simple task

    •Take more time to learn a complex one
  5. What is crowding effect?
    • •Being in a crowd intensifies positive or
    • negative reactions

    •Enhances arousal
  6. How effects of others’ presence will be related to their number?
    Effect of others’ presence increases with their number: the arousal and self-conscious attention created by a large audience can interferes with performance (i.e., speaking, sports)
  7. What are three explanations of social facilitation?
    •Evaluation apprehension

    •Driven by distraction

    •Mere presence
  8. What is social loafing?
    Tendency for people to exert less effort when they pool their efforts toward a common goal than when they are individually accountable
  9. Why social loafing is happening?
    • No incentive to do work
    • Group members think everyone else will do the work, so they don't have to
    • Members aren't being evaluated individually; those not contributing aren't held accountable.
  10. How social loafing would work differently depending on culture and gender?
    • Women are less likely to take part in social loafing than men
    • Collectivist cultures are less likely to socially loaf
  11. How we can reduce social loafing in group works?
    • Group evaluations
    • Individual scores along with group scores
    • Speak out against loafers to boss, professor, etc. 
    • Assign each group member a task
  12. What is deindividuation?
    Loss of self-awareness and evaluation apprehension; occurs in group situations that foster responsiveness to group norms, good or bad
  13. How group size will be related to deindividuation?
    larger group= more chance of individualization
  14. How deindividuation would be incorporated with fundamental attribution error?
    • Individuals aren't being personally held accountable; groups are
    • More emphasis on situation, not actions
  15. How physical anonymity will influence deindividuation?
    Being anonymous makes one less self-conscious, more group-conscious, and more responsive to cues present in the situation, whether negative or positive
  16. How arousing and distracting activity would influence deindividuation?
    • Aggressive outbursts by groups are preceded by minor actions that arouse and divert people’s attention 
    • self-reinforcing pleasure in acting impulsively while watching others do same thing
    • we are not thinking about our values; we are reacting to the immediate situation
  17. What is the consequence of the decrease in self-awareness?
    • less restrained, less self-regulated, more likely to act without thinking
    • increase people’s responsiveness to the immediate situation
  18. How to incorporate the concept of self-awareness into our society to decrease deindividuation?
    • mirrors and cameras
    • bright lights
    • large name tags
    • undistracted individual clothes, and houses
Card Set:
Social Psychology GROUP INFLUENCE
2015-04-02 00:33:09
anonymity deindividuation self awareness crowdingeffect

Groups, and how others influence each other.
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