Philosophy Kantian Morality

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Philosophy Kantian Morality
2015-04-02 07:54:40
philosophy kant freud
the moral argument from Kant with challenges from Freud
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  1. Why did Kant believe people were born with morality?
    God put it there to show right from wrong
  2. Name the 3 postulates that need to exist for morality to function
    • Freedom
    • Immortality
    • God
  3. What is the summum bonum?
    The state of being where our actions are entirely ethical and good and we are as happy as we can possibly be. This isĀ happiness in proportion to virtue
  4. Did Kant see reason as a way of showing God's existence?
    no, God needed to be proven through practical necessity
  5. what ethical view did Kant hold?
    deontologist view
  6. Is the summum bonum possible if God didnt exist? why?
    no, because God has the power to give happiness from virtue
  7. Why did Kant say moral behaviour is rational?
    Moral reason is always the higher reason because they are categorical whereas practical reasons are hypothetical.
  8. Why did Kant say that moral behaviour is only rational if justice will be done?
    Morality needs to be rewarded otherwise a person may choose to do the wrong thing, because it benefits them the most. Justice prevents people from picking the wrong thing
  9. Why did Kant say justice would only be done after death?
    • Justice doesn't fully exist in this world and moral behaviour isn't always rewarded even though we have reason to do it.
    • This must mean that there is an afterlife where we are rewarded for our moral actions, similar to the Christian idea of the afterlife where the good are praised and the bad are punished
  10. Where did Freud say that moral actions come from?
    Seeing behaviours in our societies or surroundings that are then picked up and passed on through the generations
  11. What three parts are there in our brain, according to Freud?
    • 1. the Id
    • 2. the Ego
    • 3. the Superego
  12. according to freud, what is the Id?
    the unconscious drive for survival, including sexual drive, holds suppressed memories
  13. according to freud, what is the Ego?
    The part that is formed by society and surroundings, controls and understands unacceptable behaviours. the personality
  14. According to Freud, what is the Superego?
    This is the unconscious mind which praises all good actions and the conscious mind which makes you feel guilty for bad actions.
  15. Why does Freud say that moral awareness cannot come from God?
    because then the commands would be absolute and we all would come to the same conclusion, when the reality is that we don't therefor God doesnt exist
  16. Why does Freud say Kant's argument is invalid?
    God would have made morality objective, but people have different views on what morality is, meaning there is no objective universal moral law, and therefore no God