1550: FTT, CP, ASD, ADHD EXAM II
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What is FTT?
In FTT, how does the child not meet its daily requirements? (impaired adequate nutrition)
Inadequate growth in infants & children.
Because of sensory or motor delays, like CP.
What are some nursing interventions for the FTT child while @ the hospital?
Observe parent–child interactions, especially during feedings.
Develop an appropriate feeding schedule.
Provide feedings as prescribed (usually 120 kcal/kg/day is needed to demonstrate proper weight gain).
Weigh the child daily and maintain strict records of intake and output.
Educate parents about proper feeding techniques and volumes.
Provide extensive support to alleviate parental anxiety related to the child’s inability to gain weight.
What is CP?
*most common movement disorder and cause of physical disability in children.
What should you promote in the child w/ CP?
Abnormal motor patterns & postures caused by nonprogressive abnormal brain function.
Promote mobility & nutrition
What is the #1 indication of intellectual disability?
delayed language and development due to the level of cognitive abilities it takes to produce and understand language.
What is Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)?
What signs are characteristic of children who have ASD? (mild form is Asperger's)
developmental delays within the first 12-36 mos. or regression of acquired skills.
Impaired social interactions (isolation) and communication as well as perseverative or stereotypic behaviors.
Delay or regressed speech/language skills.
Lack of eye contact and ability to point.
How are children with ASD treated?
The only treatment is for the child to achieve its optimum level w/ regard to the child's ASD limits.
What is ADHD characterized by?
inattention, impulsivity, distractibility, and hyperactivity.
What techniques can you teach families and schools on how to improve a child w/ ADHD?
Teach families and school personnel to use behavioral techniques such as time-out, positive reinforcement, reward or privilege withdrawal, or a token system.
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