Anatomy- Thoracic Limb Part 1.txt

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Mawad
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299792
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Anatomy- Thoracic Limb Part 1.txt
Updated:
2015-04-02 21:00:09
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vetmed equine forelimb
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vetmed
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  1. What bony prominence comprises the point of the shoulder? What joint is it?
    greater tubercle of the humerus; glenohumeral joint
  2. The metacarpus region is often called the _________.
    cannon
  3. The fetlock is the ____________ joint.
    metacarpophalangeal
  4. What is the coronet?
    junction of skin and hoof
  5. What is the chestnut?
    vestige of carpal pad
  6. What is the ergot?
    tuft of hair that is a vestige of the metacarpal pad
  7. The digit is technically the ________ in horses.
    third digit
  8. What lies at the dorsal aspect of the scapula?
    cartilage that ossifies with age
  9. The shoulder joint is the ______________.
    glenohumeral joint
  10. The elbow joint is the __________.
    cubital joint
  11. The fetlock joint is the ________________.
    metacarpophalangeal joint
  12. The pastern joint is the ____________.
    proximal interphalangeal joint
  13. The coffin joint is the _____________.
    distal interphalangeal joint
  14. The thoracic girdle help attach the ____________ and is composed of the __________.
    limb to the trunk; scapula
  15. Bony prominence on the dorsal aspect of the scapular spine.
    tuber spinae
  16. The supraglenoid tubercle is on the ___________ aspect of the scapula.
    cranial
  17. What is the articular surface of the shoulder joint?
    glenoid cavity
  18. The coracoid process is the ___________ projection of the ____________.
    medial; supraglenoid tubercle
  19. The serrated face of the scapula is the upper portion of the _____________ that serves as the attachment for _____________.
    subscapular fossa; serratus ventralis m.
  20. What are the divisions of the greater tubercle in the horse?
    cranial and caudal portions
  21. What are the divisions of the lesser tubercle in the horse?
    cranial and caudal portions
  22. The intermediate tubercle of the humerus is b/w the _____________ and the ____________ within the _____________.
    greater tubercle; lesser tubercle; intertubercular groove
  23. The deltoid tuberosity of the humerus is on the __________ aspect.
    lateral
  24. The teres major tuberosity is on the _____________ aspect.
    medial
  25. The origin for the extensors muscles of the carpus and digit.
    lateral epicondyle of the humerus
  26. The origin for the flexor muscles of the carpus and digit.
    medial epicondyle of the humerus
  27. The radial fossa is on the _________ surface of the ________.
    cranial; humerus
  28. The olecranon fossa is on the __________ surface of the _________.
    caudal; humerus
  29. What are the two components of the humeral condyle?
    capitulum and trochlea
  30. The capitulum is on the ____________ aspect; the trochlea of the humerus is on the __________ aspect.
    lateral; medial
  31. Describe the attachment of the ulna to the radius.
    The middle third is fused to the radius; the distal third does not develop
  32. What bony prominence makes up the point of the elbow?
    olecranon tuberosity
  33. The olecranon tuberosity is _________ to the anconeal process and lies below the __________.
    dorsal; 5th intercostal space
  34. The distal end of the ulna is the ____________; the distal end of the radius is the ___________.
    lateral styloid process; medial styloid process
  35. What are the 3 grooves at the distal end of the radius from lateral to medial?
    groove for common digital extensor, groove for extensor carpi radialis, groove for extensor carpi obliquus
  36. What bones make up the proximal row of carpal bones?
    radial carpal, intermediate carpal, ulnar carpal (medial to lateral), also accessory carpal (caudolateral)
  37. The accessory carpal bone is on the _____________ aspect of the proximal row of carpal bones?
    caudolateral
  38. What bones make up the distal row of carpal bones?
    second carpal, third carpal, fourth carpal, sometimes first carpal (inconstant)
  39. The metacarpal bone II is aka ______________.
    medial splint bone
  40. The metacarpal bone III is aka ______________.
    cannon bone
  41. The metacarpal IV is aka ______________.
    lateral splint bone
  42. Metacarpal III has a metacarpal tuberosity at its ______________ aspect.
    craniomedial
  43. Bony prominence in the middle of the head of the third metacarpal.
    sagittal ridge
  44. The proximal sesamoids are at the __________ joint, and there are....
    fetlock; 2 (medial and lateral)
  45. The proximal phalanx is the ___________.
    long pastern bone
  46. The middle phalanx is the ____________.
    short pastern bone
  47. The distal phalanx is the ___________.
    coffin bone
  48. The insertion point for the common digital extensor m.
    extensor process of P III (distal phalanx)
  49. Location where the lateral and medial cartilages of the hoof attach.
    palmar process of P III (distal phalanx)
  50. The groove for the vascular supple of the foot.
    parietal sulcus
  51. The distal sesamoid bone.
    navicular bone
  52. The distal sesamoid bone (aka _________) is at the level of the __________.
    navicular bone; coffin joint
  53. The solar foramen are openings in the __________ of ______, forming a canal for the ...
    flexor surface; P III; blood supply of the hoof.
  54. Rhomboideus cervicis is innervated by...
    cervical spinal nn.
  55. What is the function of rhomboideus cervicis?
    to move the neck/shoulder
  56. The serratus ventralis cervicis is innervated by...
    cervical spinal nn.
  57. Serratus ventralis cervicis and thoracis serves what function?
    retract scapula to trunk
  58. Trapezius cervicis and thoracis are innervated by...
    accessory nerve (CN XI)
  59. The latissimus dorsi serves what function?
    flex shoulder
  60. The latissimus dorsi is innervated by...
    thoracodorsal n.
  61. Brachiocephalicus is innervated by...
    accessory n.
  62. Omotransversarius is innervated by...
    accessory n.
  63. The pectorals serve what function?
    adduct the limb
  64. The pectorals are innervated by...
    pectoral nn.
  65. Serratus ventralis thoracis is innervated by....
    long thoracic n.
  66. Sweeny is a disorder that involves atrophy of what muscles?
    supraspinatus and infraspinatus
  67. Teres minor is deep to ___________.
    deltoideus m.
  68. The anconeus m. is deep to the ____________.
    triceps brachii lateral head
  69. Lacertus fibrosus is a continuation of the ___________________ that fuses to the __________________.
    internal tendon of biceps brachii m.; fascia of extensor carpi radialis m.
  70. What is the function of the lacertus fibrosus?
    prevents flexion of the shoulder
  71. What muscles are found on the lateral side of the brachium?
    supraspinatus, infraspinatus, deltoideus, teres minor, triceps brachii long head and lateral head, brachialis
  72. What muscles are found on the medial side of the brachium?
    subscapularis, teres major, coracobrachialis, triceps brachii medial head, tensor fascia antebrachii, biceps brachii,
  73. The extensor muscles of the carpus and digit are innervated by...
    radial n.
  74. The flexor muscles of the carpus and digit are innervated by...
    median and ulnar nn.
  75. What are the divisions of the flexor carpi ulnaris m?
    ulnar head and humeral head
  76. What are the divisions of the deep digital flexor m.?
    ulnar head, humeral head, radial head
  77. The accessory ligament of the SDF is at the most __________ aspect of the tendon; it is aka the ___________.
    proximal; proximal check ligament
  78. The accessory ligament of the DDF is aka the ____________.
    distal check ligament
  79. The check ligaments of the SDF and DDF serve what purpose?
    hold respective tendons in place
  80. If you palpate below the knee, what ill you feel? (superficial to deep)?
    [most superficial] SDF tendon, DDF tendon, suspensory ligament, splint bone, cannon bone [most deep]
  81. The suspensory ligament lies next to the _________.
    cannon bone

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