Anatomy- Thoracic Limb Part 2.txt

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Mawad
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299793
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Anatomy- Thoracic Limb Part 2.txt
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2015-04-02 21:00:35
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vetmed equine forelimb
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  1. The median cubital v. connects the...
    deep and superficial venous return of the thoracic limb.
  2. The axillary a. courses from the ____________ to the ___________, continuing to the level of...
    axillary space; medial side of the scapula; proximal brachium.
  3. The brachial a. is a continuation of the ____________, traveling __________ to the level of the _______________.
    axillary a.; distally; proximal antebrachium.
  4. The median a. is a continuation of the ________, traveling __________ to the level of the _________.
    brachial a.; distally; carpus
  5. What artery enters a passes through the carpal canal? What does it emerge as?
    median a.; medial palmar a.
  6. Principal blood supply to the equine digit.
    medial palmar a.
  7. The medial palmar a. gives rise to...
    medial and lateral digital aa.
  8. __________ and __________ enter the solar foramina at the level of _______, forming the...
    Medial and lateral digital aa.; P III; anastomosis inside the solar canal to form the terminal arch (arcus terminalis).
  9. The suprascapular a. courses to the ___________ and dives...
    cranial aspect of the scapula; deeps b/w the supraspinatus and subscapularis mm.
  10. The suprascapular a. supplies...
    the structures on the lateral aspect of the scapula
  11. The subscapular a. arises from the __________ and runs...
    axillary a.; b/w subscapularis and teres major mm. toward the caudal angle of the scapula.
  12. The suprascapular a. arises from the _________.
    axillary a.
  13. The subscapular a. gives rise to...
    caudal circumflex humeral a. and thoracodorsal a.
  14. The caudal circumflex humeral a. courses...
    around the caudal aspect of the proximal humerus.
  15. The thoracodorsal a. supplies...
    the latissimus dorsi m.
  16. What is the last branch of the axillary a.?
    cranial circumflex humeral a.
  17. The cranial circumflex humeral arises from the _______ and courses...
    axillary a.; around the cranial aspect of the proximal humerus.
  18. The cranial circumflex humeral a. anastomoses with the __________ to supply...
    caudal circumflex humeral a.; supply the structures of the proximal humerus
  19. The deep brachial a. arises from the ________ and dives...
    brachial a.; deep into the mid-brachial region.
  20. The deep brachial a. supplies...
    the deep structures of the mid-brachium.
  21. Bicipital aa. arise from the __________ and course...
    brachial a.; directly into the biceps brachii m.
  22. The collateral ulnar a. arises from the ________ and courses...
    brachial a.; caudally toward the medial side of the elbow.
  23. The collateral ulnar a. continues distally down the _________ aspect of the limb to...
    caudolateral; contribute to the formation of the lateral palmar a.
  24. The transverse cubital a. arises from the ________ and dives...
    brachial a.; at the level of the elbow.
  25. The transverse cubital a. supplies...
    the elbow joint.
  26. The transverse cubital a. contributes to the formation of the _______________.
    rete carpi dorsale
  27. The last branch of the brachial a.
    common interosseous a.
  28. The common interosseous a. arises from the ______ and dives...
    brachial a.; into the interosseous space b/w the radius and ulna.
  29. The common interosseous a. supplies...
    the deep musculature b/w the radius and ulna.
  30. The common interosseous a. gives rise to...
    cranial interosseous a. and caudal interosseous a.
  31. What 2 arteries contribute to the formation of the rete carpi dorsale?
    cranial interosseous a. and transverse cubital a.
  32. The rete carpi dorsale is a spider web-like network of the __________ aspect of the _________, giving rise to...
    dorsal; carpus; medial dorsal metacarpal and lateral dorsal metacarpal aa.
  33. The medial dorsal metacarpal a. arises from the _______ and courses...
    rete carpi dorsale; distally down the dorsal metacarpus.
  34. The lateral dorsal metacarpal a. arises from the _________ and courses...
    rete carpi dorsale; distally down the dorsal metacarpus.
  35. The median a. gives rise to...
    deep antebrachial a. and proximal radial a.
  36. The first branch of the median a.
    deep antebrachial a.
  37. The deep antebrachial a. supplies....
    the caudomedial muscles of the antebrachium.
  38. The proximal radial a. supplies....
    the carpal joint.
  39. The principal blood flow to the digit is...
    median a. to medial palmar a.
  40. The ancillary blood flow to the lateral and deep digit is...
    median a. to palmar branch of median a.
  41. The ancillary blood flow to the medial and deep digit is...
    median a. to radial a.
  42. The median a. passes through the __________ and emerges as the _________.
    carpal canal; medial palmar a.
  43. The medial palmar a. divides at the _________ into...
    fetlock joint; medial digital and lateral digital aa.
  44. The medial and lateral digital aa. arise from the __________, branch to __________, and branch to the _________.
    medial palmar a.; PI, PII, and PIII; digital cushion
  45. The medial digital a. enters the __________; the lateral digital a. enters the _________; they...
    medial solar foramen of PIII; lateral solar foramen of PIII; anastomose to form the arcus terminalis.
  46. The palmar branch of the median a. fuses with the ___________ to form...
    collateral ulnar a.; lateral palmar a.
  47. The lateral palmar a. passes over the level of the ___________, branching to supply the __________ before coursing distally to fuse with the _________.
    proximal metacarpus; deep palmar arch; lateral digital a.
  48. The radial a. arises from the _______ at the...
    median a.; same level as the palmar branch of the median a. and course to the medial side of the limb.
  49. The radial a. gives rise to the __________, which subsequently gives rise to...
    deep palmar arch; medial and lateral palmar metacarpal aa.
  50. The medial and lateral palmar metacarpal aa. fuse at the ________________ and empty into the ___________.
    distal end of the splint bones; lateral digital a.
  51. The long thoracic n. innervates...
    serratus ventralis m.
  52. The lateral thoracic n. innervates...
    cutaneous trunci m.
  53. The suprascapular n. dives.....
    b/w supraspinatus and subscapularis mm. to course around the cranial aspect of the scapula to the lateral side.
  54. The suprascapular n. innervates...
    supraspinatus and infraspinatus mm.
  55. The subscapular n. innervates...
    subscapularis m.
  56. The thoracodorsal n. innervates...
    latissimus dorsi m.
  57. The axillary n. dives...
    b/w subscapularis and teres major mm., going toward the lateral side of the arm.
  58. The axillary n. innervates...
    teres major, teres minor, and deltoideus mm.
  59. The cranial pectoral n. innervates...
    superficial pectoral mm.
  60. The caudal pectoral n. innervates...
    deep pectoral muscles.
  61. The radial n. dives....
    at the mid brachial region toward the lateral side of the limb.
  62. The radial n. innervates...
    triceps muscles, craniolateral muscles of the antebrachium (extensors of carpus and digit)
  63. The musculocutaneous n. is fused with the _______.
    median n.
  64. The musculocutaneous n. and median n. are fused proximally; ______________ branch off, and it continues as the median n. only.
    proximal and distal muscular branches of the musculocutaneous n.
  65. The musculocutaneous n. innervates...
    (flexors of the elbow joint) biceps brachii, brachialis m.
  66. The median n. has functional overlap with the ________.
    ulnar n.
  67. The median n. innervates...
    caudomedial muscles of the antebrachium (flexors of the carpus and digit)
  68. The ulnar n. innervates...
    caudomedial muscles of the antebrachium (flexors of the carpus and digit)
  69. The median n. gives rise to...
    medial palmar n., lateral palmar n., communicating branch
  70. The medial palmar n. arises from the _________ and gives rise to the ________ at the level of the _________.
    median n.; medial digital n.; fetlock joint
  71. The medial digital n. arises from the _________ and gives rise to the __________.
    medial palmar n.; dorsal branch of the medial digital n.
  72. The lateral palmar n. arises from the ___________ and gives rise to the _________.
    median n.; lateral digital n.
  73. The lateral digital n. arises from the _________ and gives rise to the _________.
    lateral palmar n.; dorsal branch of the lateral digital n.
  74. The communicating branch connects the ___________ and __________ at the ___________ region.
    medial and lateral palmar nn.; mid-metacarpal
  75. The ulnar n. gives rise to...
    dorsal branch of the ulnar n., palmar branch of the ulnar n.
  76. The dorsal branch of the ulnar n. continues to...
    the dorsal surface of the carpus.
  77. The palmar branch of the ulnar n. fuses with the ___________ and branches to the _________.
    lateral palmar n.; deep branch of the lateral palmar n.
  78. The deep branch of the lateral palmar n. has fibers from the....
    ulnar and median nn.
  79. The deep branch of the lateral palmer n. gives rise to...
    medial palmar metacarpal n., lateral palmar metacarpal n.
  80. The medial and lateral palmar metacarpal nn. run...
    deep by the splint bones.
  81. The cranial cutaneous antebrachial n. arises from...
    the axillary n.
  82. The caudal cutaneous antebrachial n. arises from the...
    ulnar n.
  83. The medial cutaneous antebrachial n. arises from...
    musculocutaneous n.
  84. The lateral cutaneous antebrachial n. arises from the....
    radial n.

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