Theological Terms.txt

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Theological Terms.txt
2013-03-23 00:56:36
theological terms

theological terms
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  1. Agnosticism
    - worldview saying its not possible to know about God's existence, things unseen, or the afterlife with certainty
  2. Amillennialism
    - view that the 1000 years in Rev. 20 don't refer to an actual period of time but rather Christ's reign figuratively.
  3. Animism
    - any view that sees natural objects and phenomena as animated by spirits, disembodied, souls or gods (aztecs/indians)
  4. apocrypha
    - group of ancient Jewish books resembling the books of the canonical OT though NOT a part of it.
  5. apologetics
    - defense of the Christian faith against attacks, criticisms, and objections.
  6. apostle
    - means "sent one"/messenger. referring to the 12 chosen by Christ while on earth sent out as teachers after His ascension.
  7. Arianism
    - 4th century view that Christ was a created being, inferior to God, and not sharing the same substance as the Father. (a teaching condemned by the council of Nicea in 325)
  8. Arminianism
    - doctrines and teachings of Jacob Arminius (1560-1609) emphasizing human choice and freedom with regard to salvation.
  9. Atheism
    - worldview that holds there is no God.
  10. Bibliology
    - the study of the Bible, its origins, character, and teachings.
  11. Calvinism
    - doctrines and teachings of John Calvin (1509-1654), his successors, and the Reformed tradition generally.
  12. canon
    - commonly refers to the list of books that collectively constitute the Scripture. a rule or law/standard
  13. Christ
    - "Anointed One".
  14. Christology
    - study of the nature and person of Jesus before, during, and after his incarnation.
  15. common grace
    - the kindness of God extended to humankind in restraining evil and promoting good. it is common to all humanity, believers and unbelievers.
  16. covenant
    - promise/binding agreement between 2 or more parties.
  17. decalogue
    - the Ten Commandments.
  18. deism
    - belief that God created the world but He has chosen not to participate in His creation.
  19. demythologization
    - 20th century movement to reinterpret the Biblical text so as to discover the truths that lie behind the recorded myths
  20. disciple
    • - means "learner/student/follower".
    • -one who learns by doing.
  21. ecclesiology
    - branch of theology concerned with the study of the church.
  22. epistle
    - a letter in the NT.
  23. eschatology
    - branch of theology concerned with the study of last things.
  24. gnosticism
    - 2nd century movement emphasizing knowledge and enlightenment, inherent evil of matter, and goodness of the soul.
  25. gospel
    - the message about Jesus esp. His life, death, and resurection.
  26. Hamartiology
    - the study of sin including its origin, extent, and penalty.
  27. Hell
    - the ultimate destination for unbelievers with unquenchable fire, darkness, and gnashing of teeth.
  28. Hermeneutics
    - science that analyzes all the facets of Biblical interpretation
  29. Imago Dei
    - Latin for "image of God".
  30. immanence
    - the obvious presence and activity of God in nature and humanity, which conveys the nearness of God to His creation.
  31. incarnation
    - view that the second person of the Trinity took on a human nature, including flesh.
  32. Johannine
    - of or related to the Apostle John.
  33. Monism
    - view that all things in nature are of one essence.
  34. monotheism
    -belief in the existence of only one God.
  35. pantheism
    - view that god is all and all is god, esp. natural elements and forces of nature.
  36. pauline
    - of or related to the apostle Paul.
  37. penal-substitution theory
    - view of the atonement that understands Christ's death as the perfect payment for sin - as a substitute he took the penalty due sinners.
  38. Pharisees
    - Jewish sect that probably originated during the Maccabeus period and emphasized strict adherence to OT law of purity.
  39. Pneumatology
    - study of the Holy Spirit
  40. polytheism
    - belief in many gods.
  41. premillennialism
    - view that Christ will return before the Millennium and will set up a literal throne and reign on earth physically.
  42. regeneration
    -attainment of new spiritual life by the Holy Spirit that naturally leads to moral renewal and transformation.
  43. Sadducees
    - group of priestly aristocracy in Judiasim from the second century BC, skeptical of Pharisaic tradition and teachings (did not believe in resurrection, angels, or fate vs free will).
  44. Samaritans
    - small Jewish sect, worshipped the God of Israel at Mt. Gerizim in Samaria rather than in Jerusalem.
  45. sanctification
    - God's work of transforming believers so that we're progressively conformed to the character of Christ.
  46. sins of commission
    - sins that involve conduct.
  47. sins of omission
    - sins that occur against God or a person because of failure to act.
  48. synoptic
    - gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke. record many similar events from Jesus' life. means "see together"
  49. theism
    - belief in a divine being or beings.
  50. theology
    - literally the study of God.
  51. theology proper
    -study of God esp the nature of God as Trinity.
  52. transcendence
    - quality or state of being outside of or beyond a certain boundary.
  53. Trinity
    - name for the essential character or nature of God who exists as three persons in one Godhead.
  54. Universalism
    view that all people will ultimately be saved and escape condemnation.