Clinical Vocabulary A-B

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Author:
raisukeiku
ID:
30005
Filename:
Clinical Vocabulary A-B
Updated:
2010-08-29 17:45:13
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clinical skills vocabulary
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vocabulary a-b
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  1. that which draws something away from midline; opposite of adductor
    abductor
  2. removal of part of the body, growth, or noxious substance
    ablation
  3. circumscribed collection of pus ("pus pocket")
    abscess
  4. failure to relax, referring esp to visceral openings (i.e. esophagus)
    achalasia
  5. disorder marked by progressive enlargement of head, face, hands, feet, & thorax due to excessive secretion of GH
    acromegaly
  6. rapid onset; hav a short course
    acute
  7. that which draws something toward midline; opposite of abductor
    adductor
  8. ordinarily benign neoplasm or growth of epithelial tissue, usu well circumscribed; tumor cells forms at glands or gland-like structures
    adenoma
  9. fatty; rel to fat
    adipose
  10. resistance to flow encountered in systemic circulation
    afterload
  11. absence; failure of formation of any part
    agenesis
  12. condition characterized by pronounced reduction in # of WBCs, specifically polymorphonuclear leukocytes (i.e. segs & bands)
    agranulocytosis
  13. absence or loss of voluntary motion; immobility
    akinesia
  14. absence of sense of perception of mvmt
    akinesthesia
  15. loss of power to grasp meaning of written or printed words & sentences
    alexia
  16. abnormally high alkali (bicarbonate) in blood or other body fluids, causing increase in pH
    alkalosis
  17. baldness or loss of hair
    alopecia
  18. blindness, esp that occurring w/o apparent change in the eye itself
    amaurosis
  19. absence of menses (no period)
    amenorrhea
  20. transabdominal aspiration of fluid from amniotic sac during pregnancy
    amniocentesis
  21. relief of pain
    analgesia
  22. significant allergic rxn following exposure of antigen in a subject previously sensitized to that specific antigen; generally occurs very rapidly after exposure & often is accompanied by swelling, breathing difficulties, hypotension
    anaphylaxis
  23. condition in which # of RBCs are less than normal; often measured by low hemoglobin or hematocrit (low blood)
    anemia
  24. marked defective development of brain & bony structure usu w/ only rudimentary brain stem present; generally not compatible w/ life
    anencephaly
  25. lit, strangulation of the chest; paroxysmal, constricting substernal pain of brief duration, which frequently accompanies myocardial ischemia
    angina pectoris
  26. narrowing of angle formed inside lateral aspects of anterior chamber of eye where aqueous humor drains
    angle closure
  27. loss of appetite
    anorexia
  28. absence of oxygen in blood or tissues
    anoxia
  29. period of pregnancy from time of conception until onset of labor (prenatal)
    antenatal
  30. patient/family counseling which includes info, advice, & suggestions about expected health-related life occurrences, health maintenancy, & preventive plans
    anticipatory guidance
  31. foreign protein that can cause allergic rxn in sensitized host
    antigen
  32. absence of act of urination
    anuresis
  33. impaired or absent communication by speech, writing, or signs due to brain dysfunction in dominate hemisphere
    aphasia
  34. absence of breathing
    apnea
  35. accumulation of serous fluid in peritoneal cavity
    ascites
  36. loss of motor coordination
    ataxia
  37. compressed lung tissue w/ collapsed alveolar air spaces
    atelectasis
  38. mild or noncancerous
    benign
  39. used in fetal ultrasounds; refers to greatest transverse diameter of the head which extends from one parietal boss to the other
    biparietal diameter
  40. inflammation of eyelids
    blepharitis
  41. weight (kg) divided by height (m2)
    body mass index (BMI)
  42. slow heartbeat; generally defined as rate under 60 bpm
    bradycardia
  43. appropriate shortness of breath (e.g. following heavy exercise)
    breathlessness
  44. abnormal dilatation of bronchus or bronchial tubes
    bronchiectasis
  45. sound produced by disturbance in laminar blood flow through an artery
    bruit
  46. closed sac lined w/ synovial-type membrane containing fluid usu found in areas of friction (i.e. where tendon passes over bone)
    bursa

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