Political News Vocabs

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Political News Vocabs
2015-04-26 13:51:46
political vocabs
Political vocals from BBC World News
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  1. 20150407
    "Bail Nine Australian's death row appeal fails"

    Chan and Sukumaran's challenge to Mr Widodo's decision to ban all clemencies was _____ 史無前例 both in its _____ 膽量and in its legal scope.

    Two Australian drug smugglers sentenced to death cannot challenge the president's decision to refuse them _____ 寬容, an Indonesian court has ruled.
    unprecedented, audacity, clemency

    • Who are the Bali Nine?
    • ☛The eight men and one woman were arrested in April 2005 at an airport and hotel in Bali, Indonesia after a tip-off from Australian police.

    ☛They were trying to carry 8.3kg (18lb) of heroin back to AustraliaIn 2006 a court ruled that Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran had recruited the others and paid their costs.They were sentenced to death.

    ☛The other seven are serving sentences of between 20 years and life, after some had death sentences revoked on appeal.

    ☛Chan and Sukumaran have repeatedly appealed against their sentences and say they are reformed characters - Chan teaches Bible and cookery classes in prison while Sukumaran is an artist
  2. 20150407
    "Greece Nazi occupation: Athens asks Germany for 279bn euros"

    It is the first time Greece has officially calculated what Germany _____ 據稱 owes it for Nazi _____ (outrage) and _____ (robbing) during the 1940s.
    allegedly, atrocities, looting
  3. 20140407
    "Rolling Stone apologises and removes UVA alleged rape story after review" 

    Managing Editor Will Dana apologised to readers and "all of those who were damaged by our story and the _____ 隨後的 _____後果".
    ensuing, fallout
  4. 20150407
    "UN demands access to Yarmouk refugee camp in Damascus"

    Because of its strategic location, the Syrian government has always feared Yarmouk might be used as a _____跳板 for a rebel _____推力 into the heart of the capital.
    springboard, thrust

    • Background
    • The Syrian Civil War also known as the Syrian Uprising, is an ongoing armed conflict taking place in Syria. The unrest began in the early spring of 2011 within the context of Arab Spring protests, with nationwide protests against President Bashar al-Assad's government, whose forces responded with violent crackdowns. The conflict gradually morphed from prominent protests to an armed rebellion after months of military sieges.

    The armed opposition consists of various groups that were formed during the course of the conflict, primarily the Free Syrian Army, which was the first to take up arms in 2011, and the Islamic Front formed in 2013. In 2013, Hezbollah entered the war in support of the Syrian army. In the east, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), a jihadist militant group originating from Iraq, made rapid military gains in both Syria and Iraq, eventually conflicting with the other rebels. In July 2014, ISIL controlled a third of Syria's territory and most of its oil and gas production, thus establishing itself as the major opposition force.

    • Facts about the Syria Civil War
    • Current Military Situation
    • Syrian civil war.png
    • Satellite image showing Yarmouk camp
    • ♜Syria's bloody conflict, which has entered its fifth year, has claimed the lives of more than 200,000 Syrians.

    ♜The battle between forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad, rebels opposed to his rule and Islamic State has also driven more than 11 million people from their homes.

    ♜Yarmouk was first built for Palestinians fleeing the 1948 Arab-Israeli war. 

    ♜Before the Syrian civil war began, it had more than 150,000 refugees living there and had its own mosques, schools and public buildings. But since 2012, the camp has been besieged by fighting.
  5. 20150407
    "Iran nuclear crisis: Six key points"

    Iran and six world powers have reached a framework agreement to _____ (suppress) the Iranian nuclear programme in exchange for the _____解除制裁 , a step towards a comprehensive ____符合 that could end a 12-year _____ 對峙.

    Although they missed the deadline, a _____ (experiment) accord was struck soon after, on 2 April.

    The global nuclear _____ 看家狗, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), has been investigating this in parallel to the main nuclear talks.
    curb, lifting of sanctions, accord, stand-off, tentative, watchdog

    • Powers involved in the summit
    • P5+1 group of powers - the US, UK, France, Russia, China and Germany

    Map of Iran's nuclear sites

    ☢ It looks to some like Iran is being singled out - after all, many countries have nuclear programmes and at least eight possess nuclear weapons. The reason why such attention has been focused on Iran is because it hid a clandestine uranium enrichment programme for 18 years, in breach of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).

    ☢As a result, the UN Security Council passed six resolutionsrequiring Iran to stop enriching uranium, a process which can ultimately produce the fissile material for a nuclear weapon.
  6. 20150407
    "Afghanistan kidnap video: Hostage beheaded 'by Uzbek gunmen'"

    In the _____ (scene), the gunmen ask the hostage what his job is, and he says that he is a soldier. Local news agencies report that the kidnappers want their _____(companions) released from Afghan jails.
    footage, comrades

    • They identify themselves as belonging to the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, who are allied to the Taliban.
    • map

    Along with other Taliban factions, the IMU was pushed out of its former stronghold in Pakistan's North Waziristan tribal region in an army offensive launched after the Karachi airport assault.Unlike in Pakistan, Afghan Hazaras, who are mostly Shia Muslims, have been largely spared attacks by Sunni militants operating in both countries.
  7. 20150407
    "What is Islamic State?"

    Its brutal tactics - including mass killings and _____ (kidnap) of members of religious and ethnic minorities, as well as the beheadings of soldiers and journalists - have sparked fear and outrage across the world and prompted US military intervention.

    The US went on to assemble a _____ (alliance, league) to fight the militants, and has so far launched more than 1,600 air strikes against IS targets in Iraq since the campaign began on 8 August. Meanwhile, the UK launched its first air strikes on 30 September.
    abductions, coalition

    • Air Strikes from US and UK to IS
    • strikes against Islamic State 30 March

    • Summary of the Middle East current situation
  8. Nepal earthquake: Tent cities spring up for displaced

    Nepal earthquake map

    The tremor also _____ (released, put off, unlocked) avalanches on Mount Everest, which killed at least 17 people and injured 61 others. 

    Efforts to dig victims out from under the rubble of collapsed buildings in Kathmandu continued.

    The Nepali Times said that some people who had _____ (a risky or daring journey) back to their homes had decided to spend another night in tents.

    Quake damage

    _____ (death numbers) and _____ (victims, wounded) figures are likely to rise over the coming days, and the risk of landslides on slopes made unstable by the quake mean that the danger is far from passed.

    Ancient texts mention a number of major earthquakes, but locating them on the ground is _____ (louche) difficult.

    Nepal earthquake map

    Saturday's magnitude-7.8 earthquake struck to the north-west of Kathmandu.

    The last time the fault ruptured at this location was in back in 1344

    The last rupture there was in 1934, hinting strain might accumulate westward.

    Now, history has repeated itself, with the 1934 fault transferring strain westwards along the fault, which has finally been released today, 81 years later.

    And, worryingly, the team warns there could be more to come. "Early calculations suggest that Saturday's magnitude-7.8 earthquake is probably not big enough to rupture all the way to the surface, so there is still likely to be more strain stored, and we should probably expect another big earthquake to the west and south of this one in the coming decades," says Bollinger.
    unleashed, ventured, death tolls, casualty, notoriously
  9. South Africa _____ (antiforeignism) : Anger over Nigeria envoy recall

    SA VS Against: Zimbabweans, Mozambicans, Malawians, Kenyans, Nigerians, Ghana
    Location: Durban, SA

    South Africa has condemned Nigeria's decision to recall its ambassador over a _____ (flood) of attacks against foreigners.

    Soldiers were _____ (sent) to flashpoints last week to prevent more violence.

    "This is the latest _____ (event) of a phenomenon which has been troubling our democracy for a long time,"
    xenophobia, spate, deployed, manifestation