AHP106 Anatomy & Physiology Final Exam study guide chapter 9-16

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AHP106 Anatomy & Physiology Final Exam study guide chapter 9-16
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2015-04-08 21:49:29
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Anatomy
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Biology
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  1. What is the difference between plasma and Frame elements ?
    Formed Elements : cells and Cells part makes up approximately 45% of blood.

    Plasma: Liquid portion of what remains after formed elements are separated through the process configuring the whole blood.
  2. What are the three types of formed elements ?
    • 1 Erythrocytes.
    • 2 Leukocytes 
    • 3 Thrombocytes
  3. What are the many Classifications of Leukocytes?
    Neutrophilis, Eosinophils, Basophilis, Monocytes, Lymphocytes
  4. How long can red blood cells survive?
    120 days
  5. What is the function of anticoagulants?
    An anticoagulant is a type of medication that is used to prevent the blood from clotting.
  6. What does agglutination means?
    • a clumping of bacteria or red cells when held together by antibodies 
    • the building of words from component morphemes that retain their form and meaning in the process of combining
  7. What are the functions of blood?
    • Transportation
    • protection
    • Regulation
  8. What is Polycythemia?
    • Conditions of too many cells in the blood
    • Often caused by too many RBC
    • Two plasma of disoorders
  9. CHAPTER 10
  10. What the 3 layers of the heart wall?
    • 1 Epicardium 
    • 2 Myocardium
    • 3 Endocardium
  11. know the pathway of blood through the heart
    Blood enter the right atrium of the heart from the superior and inferior vanae cavae 

    Blood passes through triscupid valve to the right ventricle

    Blood is forced through the pulmonary valve to the pulmonary trunk

    Blood travels through the pulmonary trunk to the pulmonary arteries

    Bloods travels to the lungs where CO2 is unloaded and CO2 is loaded 

    Blood return to heart them the lungs though the four pulmonary veins to enter the left atrium.

    Blood is sort through the aortic valve to the aorta.


    Blood travels from the aorta to the rest of the body.

    Blood returns to the heart though the superior and inferior vanae calvae
  12. What is significant about the sa node in the heart?
    • Cardiac muscle is autorhythmic
    • Measurement of the cardiac conduction system indirectly assesses the strengths of the myocardium .
    • electrical impulses start at the sinoatrial node
    • pacemaker of the heart
  13. What is systole? Diastole?
    • Systole increase pressure and decrease volume
    • diastole decreases pressure increase volume
  14. What is sinus Rhythm?
    Is a normal paces usually is 70-80 beats per minute
  15. What is arrhythmia?
    Abnormal heart rhythm
  16. What is the difference between arteries,capillaries and vein?
    Arteries, veins, and capillaries are in fact all forms of blood vessels, just with different shapes and roles in the body.
  17. What are the affects of aging on the cardiovascular system?
    • Vascular resistance 
    • decreased resting stroke volume
    • vessels thicken
  18. What is Atherosclerosis?
    result in buildup of fatty deposits within arterial walls which causes walls to  roughen and project to the lumen.
  19. What is a myocardial infarction and what are the symptons?
    • Is a heart atttack 
    • crushing pain
    • shortness of breath
    • sweating 
    • nausea
  20. Chapter 11

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