AHP106 Anatomy & Physiology Final Exam study guide chapter 9-16
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What is the difference between plasma and Frame elements ?
Formed Elements : cells and Cells part makes up approximately 45% of blood.
Plasma: Liquid portion of what remains after formed elements are separated through the process configuring the whole blood.
What are the three types of formed elements ?
- 1 Erythrocytes.
- 2 Leukocytes
- 3 Thrombocytes
What are the many Classifications of Leukocytes?
Neutrophilis, Eosinophils, Basophilis, Monocytes, Lymphocytes
How long can red blood cells survive?
What is the function of anticoagulants?
An anticoagulant is a type of medication that is used to prevent the blood from clotting.
What does agglutination means?
- a clumping of bacteria or red cells when held together by antibodies
- the building of words from component morphemes that retain their form and meaning in the process of combining
What are the functions of blood?
What is Polycythemia?
- Conditions of too many cells in the blood
- Often caused by too many RBC
- Two plasma of disoorders
What the 3 layers of the heart wall?
- 1 Epicardium
- 2 Myocardium
- 3 Endocardium
know the pathway of blood through the heart
Blood enter the right atrium of the heart from the superior and inferior vanae cavae
Blood passes through triscupid valve to the right ventricle
Blood is forced through the pulmonary valve to the pulmonary trunk
Blood travels through the pulmonary trunk to the pulmonary arteries
Bloods travels to the lungs where CO2 is unloaded and CO2 is loaded
Blood return to heart them the lungs though the four pulmonary veins to enter the left atrium.
Blood is sort through the aortic valve to the aorta.
Blood travels from the aorta to the rest of the body.
Blood returns to the heart though the superior and inferior vanae calvae
What is significant about the sa node in the heart?
- Cardiac muscle is autorhythmic
- Measurement of the cardiac conduction system indirectly assesses the strengths of the myocardium .
- electrical impulses start at the sinoatrial node
- pacemaker of the heart
What is systole? Diastole?
- Systole increase pressure and decrease volume
- diastole decreases pressure increase volume
What is sinus Rhythm?
Is a normal paces usually is 70-80 beats per minute
What is arrhythmia?
Abnormal heart rhythm
What is the difference between arteries,capillaries and vein?
Arteries, veins, and capillaries are in fact all forms of blood vessels, just with different shapes and roles in the body.
What are the affects of aging on the cardiovascular system?
- Vascular resistance
- decreased resting stroke volume
- vessels thicken
What is Atherosclerosis?
result in buildup of fatty deposits within arterial walls which causes walls to roughen and project to the lumen.
What is a myocardial infarction and what are the symptons?
- Is a heart atttack
- crushing pain
- shortness of breath
What would you like to do?
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