Test 2 Readings

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Test 2 Readings
2015-04-08 04:17:01

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  1. biochemical evidence of cannibalism
    • controversial issue in american SW
    • cowboy wash site showed evidence of 7 people being defleshed and cooked in the manner of human consumption
    • intentional abandonment would indicate removal of valuable items, however the pithouses still contained their items
    • roof was left in place and not burned
    • remains were found piled in stacks in a chamber or benches
    • evidence of butchering from stone tools
    • no remains in 3rd pithouse
    • unburned coprolite found on the hearth after last use
    • direct evidence of cannibalism
    • depositer did not have any plant based foods before consumpton of human remains
    • human myoglobin detected
    • Elisa technique used to test for meat in human feces
    • possible cooking of human body parts
    • process and consumtion took place at the site
    • cannibalism took place amongst puebloans
  2. man corn
    • canibal comes from carib indian tribal name
    • person who eats other human flesh or flesh of its own kind
    • endocannibalism - not eating friends, family, neighbors
    • exocannibalism - eating strangers or enemies
    • aztec upper class permited to eat enemies
    • arctic - starvation cannibalism
    • mesoamerica - ritual cannibalism
    • china - institutionalized; show love and respect
    • brazil - cannibalism for power and strength
    • cannibalism is natural, cultural, psychological phenomenon
    • 5 principles of cannibalism - differentiated, practiced for over 400 years, orginated in mexico, used as means for social and ritual control, largely ignored
    • becuase people generally think that people in the past were peaceful
    • tlacatlaolli - man corn, sacred meal of sacrificed human meat cooked with corn
    • emergency cannibalism ruled out and cultural and behavioral cannibalism stood out
  3. V i o l e n c e a n d C o n f l i c t in the Material Record
    • things move from peaceful to violent
    • people dont spend entire time inflicting violence
    • humans demonstarte the cpacity to inflict harm on others
    • humans also equally show the altruistic behavior for compassion and care
    • war and violence can be exhibited through skeletal material and inflictions, but it should not be the only factor considered when assessing; perimortem and post mortem injuries should be accounted for as well.
    • our contemporary ideas of warfare often interrupt our ideas of warfare in the past.
    • in order to understand conflict and peace in the past we must dispel biased ideas and instead incorporate multidimensional appraches as to how we view conflict and peace.