Digestive System Diseases

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Digestive System Diseases
2015-04-08 09:10:16
Medical Terminology
Medical Terminology
Digestive System Diseases
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  1. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
    • "heartburn"
    • weakness of the vavle between the esophagus and stomach may allow stomach acid to reflux into esphagus and irritate and inflame the lining
    • may mimic angina
  2. Jaundice
    • "yellow" in french
    • yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes from backup of bile metabolic by-products from the blood into body tissue.
  3. Diverticulosis/ diverticulitis
    • small pouches forming along the walls of the large intestine (pouches are called diverticuli) if these diverticuli cause discomfort to the pt (diverticulosis)
    • may lead to diverticulitis
  4. cirrhosis
    • "orange-yellow" in Greek
    • degenerative disease of the liver. name refers to the gross appearance of the organ
  5. Portal hypertension
    • potential complication of chronic alcoholism¬†
    • results in liver damage and obstruction of venous blood flow through the liver
    • rising blood pressure in the veins between the gastrointestinal tract and liver causes engorged veins around the umbilicus
    • characteristic radiating pattern of veins called "caput medusae"
  6. esophageal varices
    • bulging/engorged veins in the walls of he esophagus are often a complication of chronic alcoholism
    • thin-walled, swollen veins are at risk of tearing resulting in sever, possibly fatal bleeding
  7. Dysphagia
    difficulty swallowing
  8. Crohn's Disease
    • chronic inflammatory disease primarily of the bowel.¬†
    • symptoms include abdominal pain, weight loss and diarrhea
    • may be rectal bleeding that can lead to anemia
  9. Peritonitis
    • inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity
    • if inflamed appendix burst, pt can die
    • symptoms: tender abdomen, rebound pain (pain from manual pressure released from examining abdomen) board-like rigidity of abdominal muscle, no bowel sounds