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Elements of Good Residential Planning
- 1- Programming
- 2 - Divide residence into public and private spaces
- 3 - Zone according to surroundings
- 4 - Circulation should be short and efficient
- 5 - maximize furniture placement
- 6 - Economic Plannin
What does the client want, what do they want to avoid, what can they afford?
Divide residence into public and private spaces
buffer sounds with closets, hallways, or neutral rooms to protect spaces that should be quiet.
Zone according to surroundings
Example - Bedrooms tend not to go on the front of the house due to street noise.
Circulation should be short and efficient
Try to avoid meandering and confusing pathways
Maximize Furniture Placement
do not put paths of travel in the middle of furniture groupings such as in front of a couch.
design the room to allow for furniture groupings, for instance think about placement of windows, doors and closets etc for a bedroom, make sure to leave a wall for the bed.
Try to group wet walls together when possible to achieve the most economic design.
Clear and efficient organization of space
examples - Entry - transitional space to orient the person as they walk in the house.
kitchen needs to be close to entry or garage (think grocery shopping)
keep public areas in front of the private areas
Room sizes and Level of Enclosure
If the room sizes are given you need to design the furniture to fit in that space and still have room for people to walk around.
Make sure there is enough circulation space between elements and for necessary circulation through the space.
Elements of a good entry space
- - Greets and welcomes
- - Provides views to draw the visitor further into the space.
- - Provide a functional transitional space from outdoors to indoor
- - Provide a place to put shoes, mail, keys, etc.
- - Distribute Traffic to main zones of the house
- - Anthropometric (space you need to perform actions in an entry) 6'8" to 7'4" wide and 20" to 24" between door edge and closet front
Elements of a good living room
- Comfortable, well grounded seating
- a focal point
- visibility to other interior spaces
- natural lighting
- good room-to-contents proportion (scale)
- orderly, uncluttered appearance
- Good traffic patterns
Formal Dining Space
- Separate from but near the kitchen
- often next to the living room
Informal Dining Space
tends to be used by the family and serves as a breakfast room or nook.
often represented with a table or booth or alcoves just off the kitchen
can also be represented as stools at the peninsula or counter
Elements of a good bedroom
Very personal space, needs to be enclosed to ensure privacy.
Start designing by bed size and quantity. Design the rest of the furniture around the bed.
Minimum of one window
Use closets and bathrooms to buffer sound to and from the bedroom
ensure enough circulation room around the furniture
Kitchen Shapes - Galley Kitchen
one wall or a corridor
Kitchen Shapes -L Shaped
2 walls at a 90 degree angle
usually has an island
Kitchen Shapes - U Shape
3 walls at two 90 degree angles
Usually has an island
Kitchen Shapes - Peninsula of G Shape
U shape with a Peninsula.
Kitchen Shapes - Combination
L Shape with a single wall
Elements of Kitchens and Adjacent Spaces
you can never have enough storage space.
- Examples of Storage Ideas:
- - Window Seat storage
- - Corner Storage
- - Tall Cabinets in lieu of linen closets
- - Pull Outs and Drawers in lieu of Cabinets
- - Wall divider storage
- - Wider halls with a closet at the end
- - flank closets with a desk/work areas
24" to 84" wide
Most common is 36" or 42" wide
Stairs - Head Clearance
Stairs - Railing height
34" - 38" above stair
Stairs - Run
Total length of stairway
Stairs - Rise
Height of stairway at landing
4 types of Stairways
- 1. Return U Shape
- 2. L-Shape
- 3. Winders
- 4. Spiral