Cranial Nerves

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Author:
BodeS
ID:
300309
Filename:
Cranial Nerves
Updated:
2015-05-18 13:34:32
Tags:
Anatomy
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Description:
nerves
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  1. CN I
    name

    foramen
    modality
    fxn
    • number: I
    • name: Olfactory Nerve
    • foramen: Olfactory Foramina
    • modality: SSA
    • fxn: smell
  2. CN II
    name 
    foramen
    modality
    fxn
    • number: II
    • name: Optic Nerve
    • foramen: Optic Foramen
    • modality: SSA
    • fxn: vision
  3. CN III
    name 
    foramen
    modality
    fxn
    • number: III
    • name: Occulomotor Nerve
    • foramen: Superior Orbital Fissure
    • modality: SE
    • VE
    • fxn: move eye (SE)
    • constrict pupil (VE)
  4. CN IV
    name
    foramen
    modality
    fxn
    • number: IV
    • name: Trochlear Nerve
    • foramen: Superior Orbital Fissure
    • modality: SE
    • fxn: move eye
  5. CN V1
    name
    foramen
    modality
    fxn
    • number: V1
    • name: Opthalamic branch of Trigeminal Nerve
    • foramen: Superior Orbital Fissure
    • modality: SA 
    • fxn: superior 1/3 of face
  6. CN V2
    name
    foramen
    modality
    fxn
    • number: V2
    • name: Maxillary branch of Trigeminal Nerve
    • foramen: Foramen Rotundum
    • modality: SA 
    • fxn: middle 1/3 of face
    • upper teeth
  7. CN V3
    name
    foramen
    modality
    fxn
    • number: V3
    • name: Mandibular branch of Trigeminal Nerve
    • foramen: Foramen Ovale 
    • modality: SA
    • SE 
    • fxn: inferior 1/3 of face (SA)
    • anterior 2/3 of tongue (SA)
    • lower teeth (SA)
    • muscles of mastication (SE)
  8. CN VI
    name
    foramen
    modality
    fxn
    • number: VI
    • name: Abducens Nerve
    • foramen: Superior Orbital Fissure
    • modality: SE
    • fxn: move eye
  9. CN VII
    name
    foramen
    modality
    fxn
    • number: VII
    • name: Facial Nerve
    • foramen: Internal Auditory Meatus
    • modality: all 4 (SSA, SA, SE, VE)
    • fxn: muscles of facial expression (SE)
    • skin around ear (SA)
    • taste- sweet, sour, salt (SSA)
    • anterior 2/3 of tongue (SSA)
    • Lacrimal gland (VE)
    • 2 salivary glands (VE)
  10. CN VIII
    name
    foramen
    modality
    fxn
    • number: VIII
    • name: Auditory Nerve
    • or Vestibulocochlear Nerve
    • foramen: Internal Auditory Meatus
    • modality: SSA
    • fxn: hearing
    • balance
  11. CN IX
    name
    foramen
    modality
    fxn
    • number: IX
    • name: Glossopharyngeal Nerve
    • foramen: Jugular Foramen
    • modality: all 4 (SSA, SA, SE, VE)
    • fxn: (SA) posterior 1/3 of tongue 
    • pharynx
    • ex/ sore throat
    • (SSA) taste-posterior 1/3 of tongue
    • bitter 
    • (SE) gag reflex
    • swallow muscles
    • (VE) 3rd salivary gland
  12. CN X
    name 
    foramen
    modality
    fxn
    • number: X
    • name: Vagus
    • foramen: Jugular Foramen
    • modality: all 4 (SSA, SA, SE, VE)
    • fxn: (SA) ear drum
    • (SSA) taste- far posterior tongue
    • (SE) muscles of larynx
    • (VE) parasympathetic
    • thoracic and abdominal
    • ends at left splenic colic flexure
  13. CN XI
    name 
    foramen
    modality
    fxn
    • number: XI
    • name: Accessory Nerve
    • foramen: Jugular Foramen
    • modality: SE
    • fxn: neck
    • ex/ trapezius
    • muscles of neck
  14. CN XII
    name
    foramen
    modality
    fxn
    • number: XII
    • name: Hypoglossal Nerve
    • foramen: Hypoglossal Canal
    • modality: SE
    • fxn: tongue
  15. SSA only
    name cranial nerves
    fxn
    • CN I 
    • Olfactory
    • smell

    • CN II
    • Optic
    • vision

    • CN VIII
    • auditory (vestibulocochlear)
    • hearing/balance
  16. SE 
    fxn: eyes only
    • CN III
    • (w/ VE)
    • Occulomotor Nerve

    • CN IV
    • Trochlear Nerve

    • CN VI
    • Abducens Nerve
  17. SE only 
    name cranial nerves
    • CN XII
    • Hypoglossal Nerve
    • fxn: tongue

    • CN XI
    • Accessory Nerve
    • fxn: neck
  18. All 4 modalities
    name cranial names
    • CN VII
    • Facial Nerve

    • CN IX 
    • Glossopharyngeal Nerve

    • CN X
    • Vagus Nerve
  19. SA
    name cranial nerves
    • Trigeminal Nerve
    • CN Vsuperior 1/3 of face
    • CN V2 middle 1/3 of face
    • CN V3 inferior 1/3 of face
    • add SE-
    • muscles of mastication
  20. Optic Canal
  21. Superior Orbital Fissure



    • A- Superior Orbital Fissure
    • B- Internal Auditory Meatus
    • C- Hypoglossal Canal
    • Anterior 2/3 SA:
    • CN V3
    • Mandibular branch of Trigeminal Nerve
    • Anterior 2/3 SSA:
    • CN VII
    • Facial Nerve
    • Entire tonuge SE:
    • CN XII
    • Hypoglossal Nerve
    • Posterior 1/3 SA + SSA:
    • CN IX
    • Glossopharyngeal Nerve
    • Far Posterior 1/3 SSA taste: 
    • CN X
    • Vagus Nerve








  22. Parasympathetic Nervous System
    ID
    Innvervation
    Location
    • ID: CN X Vagus Nerve 
    • innervation: cranio-sacral
    • pre-ganglionic neurons
    • location: brain
    • sacral region of spinal chord

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