What cognitive biases affect the judgements made by judges?
- Fitzmaurise & Pease (1986) found that:
- Ross & Nisbett (1990)- Judges are subject to fundamental attribution error, attributing internal characteristics to behaviour or evidence
- Judges experience the anchoring heuristic: placing undue weight on the first piece of information presented (Kahneman & Tversky 1974)
- Judges showed conformity effects and stubborn first impressions (confirmation bias, Watson, 1960) and Snyder & Swann (1978)(subsequent behaviour perceived in a biased way)