History+key+dates+-+whole+time+period.txt

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History+key+dates+-+whole+time+period.txt
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    • fileName "History key dates - whole time period"
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    • When was Clement Attlee PM?
    • 1945-1951
  1. Clement Attlee was.....
    Labour
  2. When was Winston Churchill PM?
    1951-1955
  3. Winston Churchill was...?
    Conservative
  4. When was Anthony Eden PM?
    1955-1957
  5. Anthony Eden was...?
    Conservative
  6. When was Harold MAcmillan PM?
    1957-1963
  7. Harold Macmillan was...?
    Conservative
  8. When was Alec Douglas-Home PM?
    1963-1964
  9. Alec Douglas-Home was....?
    Conservative
  10. When was Harold Wilson PM? (1st time)
    1964-1970
  11. Harold Wilson was...?
    Labour
  12. When was Edward Heath PM?
    197-1974
  13. Edward Heath was...?
    Conservative
  14. When was Harold Wilson PM? (2nd time)
    1974-1976
  15. When was James Callaghan PM?
    1976-1979
  16. James Callaghan was...?
    Labour
  17. When was Margaret Thatcher PM?
    1979-1990
  18. Margaret Thatcher was...?
    Conservative
  19. When was John Major PM?
    1990-1997
  20. John Major was...?
    Conservative
  21. When was Tony Blair PM?
    1997-2007
  22. Tony Blair was...?
    Labour
  23. When was Gordon Brown PM?
    2007-2010
  24. Gordon Brown was...?
    Labour
  25. End of WW2
    1945
  26. Family Allowances Act
    1945
  27. Education Act
    Previous to 1945, the Education Act had aimed to produce a tripartite system, giving equal status to grammar schools, technical schools and the secondary moderns
  28. National Insurance Act
    1946
  29. Industrial Injuries Act
    1946
  30. Nationalisation of coal, civil aviation, cable and wireless and Bank of England
    1946
  31. What was Nationalised in 1946?
    Coal, Civil Aviation, Cable and Wireless and Bank of England
  32. A severe winter intensified the government's austerity measures (post-war)
    1946-1947
  33. Withdrawal from India
    1947
  34. Nationalisation of road transport and electricity services
    1947
  35. What was nationalised in 1947?
    Road transport and electricity services
  36. Government undertook to develop Britain's independent nuclear deterrent
    1947
  37. Britain's ambassadors in Washington had to inform the Americans that the country faced bankruptcy and would have to withdraw from committments in Greece, Turkey and Palestine
    1947
  38. British Railways nationalised
    1948
  39. NHS began
    1948
  40. A rush of West Indian migrants who arrived on the Empire Windrush
    1948
  41. National Assistance Act
    1948
  42. Britain began to receieve Marshall Plan Aid
    1948
  43. About 250,000 immigrants arrived in Britain from the West Indies and other parts of the New Commonwealth
    From 1948 onwards
  44. Nationalisation of Iron and steel
    1949
  45. Government forced to devalue the pound (post-war)
    1949
  46. Britain played a key role in the formation of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation)
    1949
  47. Start of the Korean War
    June 1950
  48. Hugh Gaitskell became Chancellor
    October 1950
  49. The Schuman Plan set out proposals for a Coal and Steel community and eliminate future wars between France and Germany
    1950
  50. Festival of Britain
    1951
  51. Anglo-American relations damaged by Burgess and Maclean affair
    1951
  52. Huge increases in Britain's defence spending (post-war)
    January 1951
  53. Resignation of Nye Bevan after row over prescription charges
    April 1951
  54. Retirement of Ernest Bevin due to ill health
    May 1951
  55. The end of "Austerity"
    1951
  56. Men's weekly wages were 8.30 compared to 15.35 ten years later
    1951
  57. 300,000 new houses under Macmillan as housing minister
    1951
  58. Disagreements between Gaitskellites and Bevanites became an almost permanent feature
    After 1951
  59. Committed to British nuclear Deterrent
    1951
  60. Death of George VI and accession of Elizabeth II
    1952
  61. Britain's first atomic bomb test
    1952
  62. Mau Mau rebellion against British rule in Kenya
    1952
  63. Mass TV audience for coronation of Elizabeth II
    1953
  64. Steel and transport denationalised
    1953
  65. Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II
    May 1953
  66. End of the Korean War
    1953
  67. British withdrawal from Egypt
    1954
  68. Food rationing ended completely
    1954
  69. State of emergency declared in Cyprus
    1955
  70. Launch of ITV as commercial rival to BBC
    1955
  71. British opt out from plans for the EEC at the Messina Conference
    1955
  72. Butler issued his giveaway budget which provided the middle classes with 134million in tax cuts
    April 1955
  73. Failure of Anglo-French invasion at Suez
    1956
  74. A left winger, Frank Cousins, became leader of one of the most powerful unions, the TGWI (transport and General Workers)
    1956
  75. Who became leader of one of the most powerful unions, the TGWU (Transport and General Workers)
    Frank Cousins
  76. Hungarian rising crushed by Soviet forces
    1956
  77. Independence achieved by Ghana and Malaya
    1957
  78. Inflation was rising because wages were running far ahead of productivity (post-war)
    Summer of 1957
  79. First hydrogen bomb was tested
    1957
  80. EEC formed by the Treaty of Rome
    1957
  81. Homocide Act
    1957
  82. Rent Act
    1957
  83. Formation of the CND (the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament)
    1958
  84. Serious anti-immigration rioting in Notting Hill
    1958
  85. West-Indies Federation Independence
    1958
  86. Resignation of Thorneycroft
    1958
  87. Thorneycroft proposed drastic spending cuts but Macmillan overruled him
    1958
  88. Enoch Powell and Nigel Birch resign (Thorneycroft's juniour ministers)
    1958
  89. Construction of the M1 (London-Birmingham) began
    1958
  90. 210,000 Commonwealth immigrants had settled in Britain
    1958
  91. Life Peerages introduced
    1958
  92. The feature film, Sapphire, dramatises the issue of race relations
    1959
  93. The Budget in April provided tax cuts of 370 million
    1959
  94. Britain took the lead in forming the European Free Trade Area (EFTA)
    1959
  95. Gaitskell put forward the idea of abolishing Clause 4 (committed the party to nationalisation)
    1959
  96. Britain received a total of 676,000 immigrants while 1.32 million left Britain
    1959
  97. Hugh Gaitskell speech in which he promised to "fight and fight again to save the party we love"
    1960
  98. Blue Streak Missile abandoned in favour of American Polaris
    1960
  99. MAcmillan's Wind of Change speech
    1960
  100. Independence granted to Cyprus and Nigeria
    1960
  101. Macmillan was involved in plans for a summit conference with Soviet leader, Khrushchev
    1960
  102. Labour conference adopted unilateralism
    1960
  103. Britain's application to the join the EEC submitted (1st time)
    1961
  104. South Africa's exit from the Commonwealth
    1961
  105. Cold War tensions intensified by building of the Berlin Wall
    1961
  106. Introduction of the "pay pause" to hold down inflation and to ask for a loan from the IMF
    1961
  107. Independence of Tanganyika and Sierra Leone
    1961
  108. Macmillan's ruthless cabinet reshuffle, the "Night of the Long Knives"
    1962
  109. Launch of That Was The Week It Was on BBC TV
    1962
  110. Macmillan set up the NEDC (NAtional Economic Development Council) in an attempt to get economic cooperation between government employers and unions
    February 1962
  111. Commonwealth immigrants Act introduced to limited immigration through a system of work permits
    1962
  112. Robbins Report which led to the massive expansion of higher education
    1962
  113. Uganda independence
    1962
  114. Cuban missile crisis
    1962
  115. Britain's first application of the EEC blocked by Gaulle
    1963
  116. Independence granted to Kenya
    1963
  117. Profumo Scandal
    1963
  118. Death of Gaitskell
    1963
  119. 1,200 miles of new or upgraded roads were completed
    1957-1963
  120. Test Ban Treaty, limiting the testing of nuclear weapons
    1963
  121. The Hunt Saboteurs organisation was formed to carry out direct action against the cruelty of fox hunting
    1963
  122. Dissolution of Rhodesian Federation
    1963
  123. Start of Rhodesia crisis
    1964
  124. Large scale, organised rioting in south coast holiday resorts
    May 1964
  125. It was widely accpeted that Britain was lagging behind more advanced economies such as West Germany and Japan
    1964
  126. The deficit of Britain was 400 million
    1964
  127. The trade union leader, Frank Cousins became Minister of technology
    1964
  128. Escalation of the Vietnam War
    1964
  129. Independence granted to Zambia and Malawi
    1964
  130. National Plan introduced
    1964
  131. IMF loaned the UK 1 billion pounds
    1964
  132. Death penalty abolished
    1965
  133. UDI (Unilateral Declaration of Independence) proclaimed for Southern Rhodesia, announced by Ian Smith
    1965
  134. The number of criminal offenses more the doubled
    Between 1955-1965
  135. Crosland plan for Comprehensive schools
    July 1965
  136. Launch of George Brown's National Plan
    1965
  137. Roy Jenkins, Home Secretary started to promote liberalisation
    1965
  138. New Race Relations Act was passed
    1965
  139. England win the World Cup at Wembley
    1966
  140. "Swining London" features in Time magazine
    1966
  141. Start of Emergenecy due to Seamen's strike
    July 1966
  142. UN sanctions against Rhodesia
    December 1966
  143. Seven new universities (Sussex, UEA, Kent, York, Essex, Lancaster and Warwick) were up and running
    1966
  144. Wilson-Smith talks on HMS Tiger
    1966
  145. Second application to the EEC agreed by Wilson Government
    1966
  146. Prices and incomes freeze introduced
    1966
  147. Devaluation of sterling by the Wilson Government
    1967
  148. Enoch Powell's "Rivers of Blood" speech against mass immigration
    1968
  149. Wilson's Labour government was rejected from EEC (2nd time)
    1967
  150. Major dock strikes, affecting London and Merseyside
    1967
  151. How much was the devaluation on the pound in 1967?
    Dropped by 14% to $2.40
  152. The wreck of a giant oil tanker, Torrey Canyon, caused a massive oil spill
    1967
  153. Biafra crisis - Northern Nigeria attempted to become independent
    1967
  154. Appointment of Ombudsman
    1967
  155. Abortion Act
    1967
  156. Sexual Offences Act
    1967
  157. The Civil rights movement in Northern Ireland had challenged the old "Stormont Ascendancy"
    1968
  158. Hungarian rising crushed by Soviet forces
    1968
  159. The sudden influx of Kenyas Asians prompted the government to pass a new Commonwealth Immigration Act, limiting the right of return to Britain for non-white Commonwealth citizens
    1968
  160. Huge anti-war protests outside the American Embassy in Grosvenor Square
    1968
  161. Wilson-Smith talks on HMS Fearless
    1968
  162. Drastic spending cuts introduced by Roy jenkins
    January 1968
  163. Voting age reduced to 18
    1969
  164. Start of "troubles" in Northern Ireland
    1969
  165. Achieved a balance of payments (pre-Margaret Thatcher)
    By 1969
  166. Barbara Castle produced her white paper "In Place of Strife", a set of policy proposals
    1969
  167. Friends of the Earth was formed in US
    1969
  168. Open University established
    1969
  169. Equal Opportunities Act passed
    1970
  170. Talks with "The Six" about EEC expansion
    1970
  171. Organisations like Shelter and Oxfam came to prominence
    1970
  172. The divisions between the main parties started to widen
    1970
  173. Decimilisation of the currency
    1971
  174. Reform of the divorce laws
    1971
  175. Agreement in principle for Britain's accession
    1971
  176. Rolls Royce had to be nationalised
    1971
  177. The government brought in the Industrial Relations Act - set up an Industrial Relations Court and provided for strike ballots
    1971
  178. Heaths "U-turn" was his retreat from the free enterprise economic principles his government had tried to follow
    1971-1972
  179. Introduced a new Immigration Act (later)
    1971
  180. Greenpeace organisation was founded in Canada
    1971
  181. British forces withdrawal fron Arabian Gulf
    1971
  182. "Bloody Sunday" in Derry
    1972
  183. Unemployment above 1 million for the first time since the 1930s
    1982
  184. Treaty of Accession signed in Brussels
    1972
  185. Local Government Act
    1972
  186. Government pay freeze reintroduced
    1972
  187. Oil-price crisis and energy shortages (OPEC)
    1973
  188. British accession to the EEC alongside Ireland and Denmark
    1973
  189. Miners' strike and imposition of a three day week
    1973
  190. Sunningdale Agreement for power-sharing in Northern ireland
    1973
  191. Three Day week imposed
    1973
  192. Unemployment was about 500,000
    1973
  193. Yom Kippur War in the Middle East
    1973
  194. Rash of strikes against government pay policy
    1973
  195. NUM overtime ban; state of emergency declared
    November 1973
  196. British Ecology Party (later the green party) was formed
    1973
  197. Animal rights protesters carried out violent attacks on pharmaceutical laboratories
    From 1973
  198. Collapse of Sunningdale Agreement after Loyalist Workers' strike
    1974
  199. Three Day week ended by Labour government
    March 1974
  200. End of South Africa's support for Smith's policies
    1974
  201. Bangladesh brokeaway from pakistan - leading to a rush of immigrants
    1974
  202. Margaret Thatcher became Conservative leader
    1975
  203. EEC referedum brings. 2.1 majority for the yes vote
    1975
  204. Britain's share of world trade had declined steadily from 1/4 to 1/10
    From 1951 to 1975
  205. Population of Britain was 56 million
    1975
  206. Post-war consensus was breaking down and the age of affluence, at least temporaily, had come to an end
    1975
  207. End of Vietnam War
    1975
  208. Wilson's Chanellor, Denis Healey, imposed steep rises in taxation
    April 1975
  209. Britain forced into deep spending cuts by terms of IMF loan - loan of 3 billion
    1976
  210. Animal Liberation Front was formed
    1976
  211. Smith accepted the Kissinger Plan, drawn up by the US and approved by Britain and South Africa
    1976
  212. Budget aimed to limit wage increase to a maximum of 3%
    1976
  213. Violence at Notting Hill Carnival
    1976
  214. Argentina taken over by military junta
    1976
  215. SALT 1 (Strategic Arms Limitation talks)
    1977
  216. Silver jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II
    1977
  217. Start of Concorde flights to New York
    1977
  218. Greenpeace UK was formed
    1977
  219. "Lib-Lab pact" - the 12 liberal MPs voted for the government in parliament and in return promised to move ahead with devolution for Wales and Scotland
    1977
  220. Grunwick strike - clashes between police and mass pickets
    July 1977
  221. There were 9 oilfields in production
    1978
  222. Industrial unrest leads to "winter of discontent"
    1978-1979
  223. Devolution for Scotland and Wales rejected in referendums
    1979
  224. Start of the Thatcher revolution
    1979
  225. Multiracial elections in Rhodesia
    1979
  226. BP was privatised
    1979
  227. Gravediggers' strike
    February 1979
  228. The decision was taken to station American Cruise missiles at bases in Britain
    1979
  229. Soviet forces invaded Afghanistan
    1979
  230. Independence granted to Rhodesia
    1980
  231. British Aerospace was privatised
    1980
  232. The Housing Act gave the "right to buy" to council-house tenants
    1980
  233. Rioting in St. Pauls area of Bristol
    April 1980
  234. Monetarism adopted
    1980
  235. Formation of SDP (Social Democratic Party)
    1981
  236. Violent riots in Brixton and Liverpool
    1981
  237. Big gains in opinion polls by Liberal-SDP alliance
    1981
  238. The budget applied monetarist principles, aiming to eliminate inflation by controlling the money supply
    1981
  239. Wembley Conference was held in order to change the rules for electing the party leader
    1981
  240. Serious riots in Toxteth and Moss side
    July 1981
  241. A group of women protestors set up a camp outside the Greenham Common base
    September 1981
  242. Withdrawal of HMS Endurance from South Atlantic
    1981
  243. Election of Ronald Reagan
    1981
  244. A serious slump occurred
    1981
  245. Argentine occupation of Las Malvinas
    2nd April 1982
  246. Despatch of British task force (Falklands)
    5th April 1982
  247. Sinking of the general Belgrano
    2nd May 1982
  248. Loss of HMS Sheffield to Exocet missile
    4th May 1982
  249. British landings at San Carlos Water
    21st May 1982
  250. Surrender of Argentine forces at Port Stanley
    14th June 1982
  251. Unemployment above 3 million
    1982
  252. New laws made strike ballots compulsory and banned mass picketing
    1982
  253. Michael Foot replaced as Labour leader by Neil Kinnock
    1983
  254. Mass protests against Cruise missiles at Greenham - 14 mile human chain
    April 1983
  255. There was a massive war scare over NATo miltary exercises in the North Atlantic
    1983
  256. IRA bomb at Brighton Party Conference
    1984
  257. Miners' strike
    1984-1985
  258. Battle of Orgreave
    June 1984
  259. British telecom privatised
    1984
  260. Miners' strike called off amid bitterness
    April 1985
  261. Anglo-irish agreement signed at Hillsborough
    November 1985
  262. Fatal casualties in football riots
    May 1985
  263. Violent anti-police riots in Brixton
    September 1985
  264. Death of PC Blakelock in Broadwater Farm riots
    October 1985
  265. Kinnock's ground breaking speech at Labour Party Conference
    1985
  266. Resignation of Michael Heseltine after the Westland Affair
    1986
  267. Deregulation of financial markets in the "big bang"
    1986
  268. The Local Government Act abolished the big metropolitan local authorities that had been set up by the Heath government
    1986
  269. British GAs and British Airways privatised
    1986
  270. Rioting by prisoners in 19 British gaols
    May 1986
  271. Violent protests at Murdochs Wapping print works
    May 1986
  272. Establishment of Single European Market
    1986
  273. Anglo-French agreement to build Channel tunnel
    January 1986
  274. Single European Act passed
    June 1986
  275. Supply side economics adopted
    1986
  276. Stock market crash in London and New York
    1987
  277. Rolls Royce privatised
    1987
  278. British steel privatised
    1988
  279. Approximately 2 million new homeowners due to the Housing Act
    1988
  280. Thatcher`s "No no no" speech in Bruges
    1988
  281. First satellite broadcats by Sky TV
    1989
  282. Fall of the Berlin Wall and end of the Cold War
    1989
  283. 96 Liverpool fans killed in the hillsborough disaster
    April 1989
  284. The Militant tendency set up the anti-poll tax federation
    November 1989
  285. Major became foreign secretary in 1989 after the resignation of Geoffrey Howe
    1989
  286. Leadership challenge of Anthony Meyer defeated
    1989
  287. Rioting in London against the poll tax
    1990
  288. Unification of Germany agreed at two-plus-four talks
    1990
  289. Total trade union membership was only 2/3 of what it had been in 1979
    1990
  290. Inflation was 10.9%
    1990
  291. British entry into the ERM
    1990
  292. Victory of coalition forced in Gulf War
    1991
  293. The Maastricht Treaty was agreed
    December 1991
  294. The poll tax was finally abandoned in favour of the new council tax
    1991
  295. End of the USSR
    1991
  296. Outbreak of war in Yugoslavia
    1991
  297. Citizens Charter
    1991
  298. Coalition forces liberated Kuwait
    1991
  299. The Masastricht Treaty was signed
    February 1992
  300. Black Wednesday forces British withdrawal from the ERM (Exchange Rate Mechanism)
    16th September 1992
  301. Treaty on European Union, Maastricht, extending inter-government cooperation
    1992
  302. The Vance-Owen plan by Cyrus Vance and the former British foreign secretary, David Owen, set out a framework for a lasting settlement
    October 1992
  303. UK withdrawal from ERM
    1992
  304. Rebellion against maastricht Treaty by Conservative Eurosceptics
    1993
  305. Downing Street Declaration by John major and Albert Reynolds
    1993
  306. The Hume-Adams Plan
    1993
  307. Kenneth Clarke replaced Norman Lamont as Chancellor
    1993
  308. The government received secret messages hinting that Sinn Fein was ready to discuss a peace agreement
    1993
  309. "Back to Basics" campaign launched
    1993
  310. "One member One Vote" (OMOV) introduced
    1993
  311. Murder of a black teenager, Stephen Lawrence, by white youths
    1993
  312. Tony Blair becomes labour leader
    1994
  313. First women priests ordained at Bristol
    1994
  314. Tony Blair finally convinces the Labour movement to abandon clause four
    October 1994
  315. Channel Tunnel opened
    1994
  316. IRA ceasefire
    1994
  317. Coal industry was privatised
    1994
  318. Major reshuffled his cabinet
    1994
  319. "Granita" meeting between Gordon Brown and Tony Blair
    March 1994
  320. The Scott enquiry, set up by Major to investigate illegal arms dealing, proved that government ministers had broken the rules and been "economical with the truth"
    1994
  321. End of apartheid in South Africa
    1994
  322. Major challenges his own party to a leadership election
    1995
  323. IRA ceasefire suspended and new bombing capiagn begins
    1995
  324. Peace settlement at Dayton Ohio ends Bosnian War
    1995
  325. Bomb attack on Downing Street
    1995
  326. Srebrenica massacre
    1995
  327. Expansion of EU from 12 states to 15 - accession of Austria, Finland and Sweden
    1995
  328. NATO intervention in Bosnia
    1995
  329. Renewal of IRA ceasefire
    1996
  330. Commitment by The Sun to support Labour
    October 1996
  331. Death of Princess Diana
    1997
  332. Hong Kong handed to China
    1997
  333. Arrival of Senator Mitchell as mediator
    1997
  334. Freedom of Information Act
    1997
  335. Devolution referendum in Scotland
    1997
  336. Devolution referendum in Wales
    1997
  337. Treaty of Amsterdam - amendment and consolidation of exisiting treaties
    1997
  338. Good Friday Agreement brings an end to the Troubles in Northern ireland
    1998
  339. Human Rights Act
    1998
  340. Scotland Act
    1998
  341. Government of Wales Act
    1998
  342. Government sold off half of its gold reserves
    1999-2002
  343. Launch of the euro in 9 states of the EU but not Britain
    1999
  344. Devolved parliaments for Scotland and Wales established
    1999
  345. NATO bombing campaign expels Serb forces from Kosovo
    1999
  346. House of Lords Act
    1999
  347. Balkan Wars ended
    1999
  348. Intervention by British forces to stabalise Sierra Leone
    2000
  349. First election for Mayor of London
    2000
  350. Blair argued for a "Third Way" on the European issue
    2000
  351. Only 3% were employed in agriculture
    2000
  352. Al Qaeda attacks on New York, 9/11
    2001
  353. NATO invasion Afghanistan and overthrow of the Taliban
    October 2001
  354. Blair promised a massive increase in public spending, especially on health and a more urgent approach to forcing reforms through
    January 2001
  355. Massive outbreak of foot and mouth disease
    2001
  356. Treaty of Nice - reform of institutions to cope with expansion to 25 member states
    2001
  357. Formation of democratic Afghan government
    December 2001
  358. UN resolution direction against WMD in Iraq
    July 2002
  359. Failure to agree second UN resolution
    October 2002
  360. The Euro confirmed as the sole legal currency in the 12 eurozone states
    2002
  361. Invasion of Iraq by US-led coalition forces
    March 2003
  362. Overthrow of Saddam Hussein
    April 2003
  363. Iain Duncan-Smith replaced as Conservative leader by Michael Howard
    2003
  364. Publication of the Hutton Report
    2004
  365. Expansion of EU from 15 states to 25 states to include Hungary, Polkand, Slovakia and Slovenia
    2004
  366. Blair argued for reform of CAP
    2004
  367. Signing of the Treaty estblishing a Constitution for Europe
    2004
  368. David Cameron becomes Conservative leader
    2005
  369. 56 people killed by terror attack in London, 7/7
    2005
  370. G8 conference at Gleneagles
    2005
  371. Renewed threat from Taliban in Afghanistan
    August 2005
  372. G8 summit in Heil igendamm
    2006
  373. St Andrews Agreement
    2006
  374. Blair gave in over rebate and CAO reform
    2006
  375. Agreement on power-sharing government for Northern ireland
    2007
  376. Growing financial crisis heralded by collapse of Northern Rock
    2007

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