Managing Risk

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  1. What is the RNR principle?
    • The risk needs responsibility principle 
    • Risk: people with highest risk require the most intensive intervention. This risk is assessed by looking at the factors in their life that push them towards crime 
    • Needs: factors that increase or decrease criminal activity should be focussed on and treated 
    • Responsively: the right treatment should be provided at the right level, use techniques to maximise offender motivation to change
  2. What are the 8 core risk factors to reoffending?
    • Antisocial attitudes 
    • Antisocial peer group 
    • Antisocial personality pattern 
    • History of antisocial behaviour 
    • Family and marital factors 
    • Lack of achievement in education and employment 
    • Lack of pro-social leisure activities 
    • Substance abuse
  3. What is the difference between static and dynamic risk factors?
    • Static: factors that cannot be manipulated (gender, childhood abuse, prior offences etc)
    • Dynamic: factors that can be changed with intervention (accommodation, employment etc)
  4. What is the difference between criminogenic and non criminogenic needs?
    • Criminogenic: needs and desires associated with criminal activity (hostility, criminal associates, pr-criminal attitudes etc)
    • Non-criminogenic: needs and desires not associated with criminal activity (self esteem, feelings of alienation, group cohesion etc)
  5. How is responsivity to rehabilitation assessed?
    • Use an interview technique 
    • Assess factors such as skills, relationships, level of education and community ties 
    • Assess factors that might affect response to treatment such as anxiety levels, levels of motivation, gender, reading ability and language
  6. What are forensic interviews?
    • Purpose is made clear to the interviewee at the start and the limits of confidentiality made clear 
    • Time is taken to establish the appropriate rapport with the interviewee 
    • Dispositional (offender characteristics) and situational (characteristics of the physical and social environment relevant to the defendant) are assessed 
    • Risk and protective (factors that reduce the risk of offending) are assessed 
    • Wherever possible, other sources of information are used to supplement whatever is gathered in the interview
  7. What is the LSI-R?
    • The level of service inventory (revised)
    • 54 item inventory focussing on offender needs and risks
    • Covers criminal history, accommodation, education and employment, alcohol and drug problems etc
    • Scores range from 0-13 (low risk): 11.7% recidivism rates to 41-47 (high risk): 76%
  8. What are the two approaches to risk management?
    • Therapeutic approaches: focusses on changing the offender using psychological and skills based intervention 
    • Situational approaches: focusses on changing the contexts responsible for crime with the interning of preventing relapse into crime
  9. How is antisocial behaviour managed?
    • Indicators: impulsiveness, irritability, adventurousness etc 
    • Intervention goals: self management skills are build and anger management taught
  10. How are pro-criminal attitudes managed?
    • Indicators: rationalisations for crime, negative attitudes towards the law
    • Goals: counter with prosocial attitudes, build up prosocial attitudes
  11. How is substance abuse managed?
    • Indicators: abuse of alcohol or drugs
    • Goals: reduce substance abuse using things such as AA, enhance alternatives to abuse

Card Set Information

Managing Risk
2015-04-10 17:25:26
Psychology Criminology
Psychology,Forensic Psychology
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