Musculoskeletal System Terms

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Author:
amanda430
ID:
300428
Filename:
Musculoskeletal System Terms
Updated:
2015-04-10 16:33:05
Tags:
Medical Terminology
Folders:
Medical Terminology
Description:
Musculoskeletal System Terms
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  1. oste/o
    • Bone
    • osteitis- inflammation of the bones
    • osteoma- bone tumor
    • osteocyte- bone cell
  2. chondr/o
    • cartilage
    • chondritis-inflammation of the cartilage
    • chondroma- tumor of the cartilage
    • chondrocyte- cell of cartilage
  3. arthr/o
    • joint
    • arthritis ex. inflammation of the joints
    • arthroplasty-reconstructing the joints
  4. Myel/o
    • bone marrow
    • myeloma- tumor of the bone marrow
  5. ten/o, tendin/o
    • tendon (binds muscle to bone)
    • tendonitis- inflammation of the tendons
    • tenorrhaphy- suturing a tendon in place
  6. ligament/o
    • ligament (binds bone to bone)
    • ligamentous injury- injury to the ligament
  7. burs/o
    • bursa " bag"
    • shock absorber between tendons and bones
  8. my/o, myos/o
    • muscle
    • myoma- tumor in the muscle
    • myositis- inflammation of the muscle
  9. -malacia
    • softening
    • osteomalacia- softening of the bone
    • chondromalacia- softening of the cartilage
  10. -porosis
    • porous
    • osteoporosis- porous bones
  11. -asthenia
    • weakness, loss of strength
    • myasthenia gravis- weakness and rapid fatigue of the muscle
  12. -trophy
    • development, stimulation, maintenance
    • atrophy-shriveling of muscles
    • hypertrophy- increase in size and strength of muscle
  13. -algia, -algesia
    • pain
    • myalgia- muscle pain
    • arthralgia- joint pain
    • analgesia- take pain away, inability to feel pain

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