to turn big problems into small ones, and small problems into no problem at all.
Juliana's cultural context: 'When a big problem happens, we try to cover it up and make it look like a small problem. When a small problem happens we try to simply ignore it. Especially in the case of conflict between people – the opposite of escalation.'
dà kāi yǎnjiè
open one\'s eyes; to be a real eye-opener
kāiyǎnjiè = broaden, expand one's horizons
Use: “Wo3 zhen4 shi4 da4 kai1 yan3 jie4”
'the country is peaceful/quiet, the people at peace'
tai4 = peaceful, quiet
you2 (like, similar to, just like, as)
ji2 (extend, reach, come up to)
'too far is as bad as not enough'
sort of like “you can have too much of a good thing” – too much or too little, either can be bad. ‘too much is as bad as not enough’
gong1fu bu4 fu4 you3xin1ren2
gong1fu = time, fu4 (from gu1fu4) = to disappoint
you3xin1ren2 = someone who works hard for something, someone who is determined.
“he who is patient won’t be disappointed”
hao3 le shang1ba1 wang4 le teng2
shang1ba1 (scar / fig. remnant of former damage / remaining trauma), teng2 (ache, pain, hurt) teng2 = tong4 = pain
you would say “zhu4 ni3 jin1yu2 man3 tang2, shou4 bi3 nan2 shan1”when you visit somebody – always used at birthday parties when the person is older than you (not younger). Not normally used outside of birthday parties. Without the “shou4 bi3 nan2 shan1” can be used in other situations when you want to wish someone a good life, etc. – say mainly to friends or business partners who want to be wealthy and are working on it.
jiao3 ta4 shi2 di4
jiao3 = foot, ta4 = step, shi2di4 = solid earth
lit.: put your feet on the solid ground. 'be down-to-earth'
working/playing both sides (usually a bad thing – someone with two girlfriends, or someone doing business with two competing interests) – conflict of interest
jūnzǐ = nobleman / person of noble character, zhi1 = marks preceding phrase as modifier of following phrase; it, him her, them; go to, jiao1 = mix; intersect; exchange, communicate; deliver dan4 = weak, watery, insipid, tasteless ru = like, as shui3 = water