_____ of the same element, have the same atomic number but different mass numbers (numbers of neutrons).
____ are atoms with the same mass number (Neutrons) but different atomic numbers (protons).
The genetic effects of radiation and some somatic effects, such as leukemia, are plotted on a ____ dose–response curve.
Does The linear dose–response curve have a threshold;
Increasing that dose will increase the likelihood of the occurrence but will not affect its severity; these effects are termed ____.
______ effects are those that will not occur below a particular threshold dose and that increase in severity as the dose increases.
Radiation-induced malignancy, leukemia, and genetic effects are late effects (or_______) of radiation exposure.
In ____ scatter, a low-energy photon interacts with an atom but causes no ionization; the incident photon disappears in the atom and then immediately reappears and is released as a photon of identical energy but with changed direction.
______ refers to the rate at which energy is transferred from ionizing radiation to soft tissue.
Linear energy transfer(LET)
___ effects of radiation are those that affect the irradiated body itself.
Exposure to high doses of radiation results in ____ effects.
Late effects of radiation exposure, such as carcinogenesis, are considered to be related to the___ ____ dose–response curve. That is, there is no safe dose; theoretically, even one x-ray photon can induce a later response.