Radiology Protection 2

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
300626
Filename:
Radiology Protection 2
Updated:
2015-04-13 01:32:58
Tags:
Radiology
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Description:
Kats Final
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  1. _____ of the same element,  have the same atomic number but different mass numbers (numbers of neutrons).
    isotopes
  2. ____ are atoms with the same mass number (Neutrons) but different atomic numbers (protons).
    Isobars
  3. The genetic effects of radiation and some somatic effects, such as leukemia, are plotted on a ____ dose–response curve.
    linear
  4. Does The linear dose–response curve have a threshold;
    no threshold;
  5. Increasing that dose will increase the likelihood of the occurrence but will not affect its severity; these effects are termed ____.
    stochastic
  6. ______ effects are those that will not occur below a particular threshold dose and that increase in severity as the dose increases.
    Nonstochastic
  7. Radiation-induced malignancy, leukemia, and genetic effects are late effects (or_______) of radiation exposure.
    stochastic effects
  8. In ____ scatter, a low-energy photon interacts with an atom but causes no ionization; the incident photon disappears in the atom and then immediately reappears and is released as a photon of identical energy but with changed direction.
    classic
  9. ______ refers to the rate at which energy is transferred from ionizing radiation to soft tissue.
    Linear energy transfer(LET)
  10. ___ effects of radiation are those that affect the irradiated body itself.
    Somatic
  11. Exposure to high doses of radiation results in ____ effects.
    early
  12. Late effects of radiation exposure, such as carcinogenesis, are considered to be related to the___ ____ dose–response curve. That is, there is no safe dose; theoretically, even one x-ray photon can induce a later response.
    linear nonthreshold
  13. leukemia is a _____effects,
    somatic

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