CH 7

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CH 7
2015-04-13 23:32:11
CH 7 test
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  1. Relationship Dialectics
    p. 126
    • Relationships must work out many dialectics -tension from opposing motives and desires
    • 1. closedness vs. openness
    • 2. autonomy vs. connection
    • 3. novelty vs. predictability
  2. Complementary Relationship
    Differences bring you together
  3. Symmetrical relationship
    p. 126-127
    similarities bring you together; both individuals share traits, interests, and approaches to communication.
  4. Reliance
    • Independent - partners live separate and disconnected lives.
    • Dependent - partners rely so much on one another that their identities are enmeshed with one another.
    • Interdependent - Relationships in which the partners rely on one another but are not so dependent that they cannot make independent decisions when warranted.
  5. Messages
    • Disconfirming messages - messages that deny the value of a relational partner by refusing to acknowledge his or her presence and communication.
    • Confirming messages - Messages that value the partner's presence and contributions.
    • Rejection messages - Messages that acknowledge the partner's presence and communication, but do not fully accept or agree with the partner.
  6. Climates
    p. 127-128
    • Defensive
    • Supportive
  7. Other Factors
    • Rigid vs. flexible
    • dominant vs. passive
  8. Strategies for Managing Dialectics
    p.129, Table 7.1
    • Denial - partners claim that no tension exists
    • Segmentation - partners segment their approach to a dialectic depending on the situation.
    • Balance - Partners strike a compromise between opposing dialectics.
    • Reaffirmation - Partners have competing needs, but accept the tension between dialectics.
  9. Family Characteristics
    • Roles, responsibilities
    • Shared history
    • Shared space
  10. Two Types of Families
    p. 129
    • Those into which we're born
    • Those we create
    • Upbringing influences our future relationships
    • We "manage" conflict the way we lived it
  11. "I" messages.  Five ways to respond to conflict.
    p. 131
    Using "I" messages will help the other person hear what you have to say without feeling attacked or demeaned. 

    • Observation - describe what you see, hear, touch, and experience and focuses on facts.
    • Feelings - describe your own feelings rather than using "you" statements.
    • Wants - describe your wants and needs instead of hoping the person will guess what you want them to do or what you need from them.
    • Thoughts - try "I" messages like "I feel secure when you tell me you love me more often," "I like it when you tell me whether or not you enjoyed the meal I cooked."
    • Intention - describe what you plan to do. Rather than depend on the other, state your intentions.
  12. Conflict and types of conflict
    • Perception of incompatible goals -
    • Overt - out in the open
    • Covert - hiding anger
    • intended outcome - solve the problem, or "win"?
  13. Conflict Tactics
    p. 131
    • Non-negotiation
    • Blame
    • Gunneysacking
    • Manipulation
    • Below the belt
  14. Conflict Styles (5)
    p. 138-140
    • Collaborate - high concern for self and high concern for people
    • Compromise - moderate concern for self and moderate concern for people.
    • Accommodate - low concern for self and high concern for people.
    • Avoid - low concern for self and low concern for people.
    • Compete - high concern for self and low concern for people
  15. Friendship Types
    • Reciprocity - equality
    • Receptivity - status difference
    • Association - transitory
  16. Cultures
    p. 132
    • Collectivist - close friendships, high expectations
    • Individualistic - friendly, but also look out for self
  17. Dialectics
    • Tension or opposition between interacting forces or elements or relationships.
    • Every relationship must contend with several issues, or dialectics, in the negotiation of communication between the parties.