Unit 5: Circulation Review

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Unit 5: Circulation Review
2015-04-14 15:35:02
lawrencem anatomy unit circulation review kearney

Use this set of cards to review for the Unit 5: Circulation test in Anatomy/Physiology at Kearney High School
Show Answers:

  1. What are the functions of blood?
    • transport nutrients, gases and waste
    • hormonal communication
    • maintain stable temperature
  2. part of blood with no nucleus, made of pieces of cells and help with blood clotting
    platelets (thrombocytes)
  3. part of blood without a nucleus (biconcave disk) that carries gases
    red blood cells (erythrocytes)
  4. part of blood that contains nuclei and has 5 different types and is involved with immunity
    white blood cell (leukocyte)
  5. part of blood that is not a formed element and contains water, salts, proteins and waste
  6. 3 types of antigens that can be found on the surface of erythrocytes
    A, B, and Rh
  7. type of antibody that plasma B lymphocytes make if a person has O+ blood.
    A and B
  8. blood vessel that has the thickest muscle wall, transports blood away from the heart and lacks valves
  9. blood vessel with thinnest wall allowing for exchange of gasses and nutrients in organs
  10. type of blood vessel with thin smooth muscle walls that transports blood back to the heart and contains valves
    • A. Superior Vena Cava
    • B. Aorta
    • C. Right Coronary Artery
    • D. Inferior Vena Cava
    • E. Pulmonary Artery
    • F. Pulmonary Vein
    • G. Left Coronary Artery
    • A. Right Atrium
    • B. Pulmonary Semilunar Valve
    • C. Right Atrioventricular or Tricuspid Valve
    • D. Right Ventricle
    • E. Left Atrium
    • F. Right Atrioventricular or Bicuspid Valve
    • G. Aortic Semilunar Valve
    • H. Left Ventricle
  11. Thickest walled chamber of the heart that pumps blood to the whole body
    left ventricle
  12. The wave of an EKG that represents the SA node firing and causes the atria to contract
    P wave
  13. part of an EKG that represents the AV node which causes the ventricles to contract
    QRS complex
  14. part of an EKG that represents repolarization of the conduction system of the heart
    T wave
  15. location of the SA node
    right atrium
  16. location of the AV node
    between the right atrium and ventricle
  17. What makes the "lubb" sound heard through a stethoscope?
    AV valves closing
  18. What makes the "dubb" sound heard through a stethoscope?
    Semilunar valves closing
  19. top number of a blood pressure representing the pressure of the blood on the arteries when the heart is contracted.
  20. bottom number of a blood pressure that is the pressure of the blood on the arteries when the heart is relaxed
  21. another name for high blood pressure
  22. another name for chest pain
  23. another name for heart attack
    myocardial infarction
  24. part of the lymphatic system that filters and purifies lymph
    lymph nodes
  25. part of the lymphatic system that produces lymphoid stem cells and allows for B and NK cell maturation
    bone marrow
  26. part of the lymphatic system that carries lymph to veins
    lymph vessels
  27. part of the lymphatic system that removes abnormal blood cells and components
  28. part of the lymphatic system that is the site of T lymphocyte maturation
  29. part of the lymphatic system that that guards the digestive and respiratory system from infection
    • A. tonsils
    • B. Lymph nodes
    • C. Bone marrow
    • D. Thymus
    • E. Lymph vessels
    • F. Spleen
  30. 2 Functions of the lymphatic system
    circulate lymphocytes for disease defense and transport excess fluid to blood stream
  31. type of lymphocyte that makes antibodies to use in humoral immunity
    Plasma B Lymphocytes
  32. type of lymphocyte that engulfs bacteria in cell mediated immunity
    Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes
  33. type of T lymphocyte that are activated upon later attacks
    Memory T
  34. type of T lymphocyte that bind to pathogens to communicate to B lymphocytes
    Helper T
  35. White Blood Cells (Leukocytes) that phagocytize
    foreign cells, toxins and viruses
  36. White Blood Cells (Leukocytes) that have enzymes that kill parasites
  37. White Blood Cells (Leukocytes) that contain
    histamines (vasodilation) and heparin (anticoaggulant)
  38. White Blood Cells (Leukocytes) that are macrophages against viruses and bacteria
  39. medication that keeps patients from making T cells and allow patients to accept transplant organs and tissues, but also make them more susceptible to infections
    immunosuppressive drugs
  40. conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, Crohn's disease and diabetes that may result from cells incorporating viral antigens or resembling foreign antigens
  41. immune attack on non-harmful substances that may result from an over use of antibiotics and can be harmful to human tissues
    • A. arteriole
    • B. venuole
    • Blood Connective Tissue
    • A. RBC
    • B. Plasma
    • C. Platelet
    • D. WBC
  42. Bone Marrow
    • A. Artery smooth muscle tissue
    • B. Vein smooth muscle tissue
    • C. Valve
    • Capillary
    • A. simple squamous epithelium
  43. Cardiac Muscle Tissue - Heart
    • Spleen
    • A. White pulp
    • B. Red pulp
    • Thymus
    • A. Adipose connective tissue