Anatomy- Pelvis Part 3.txt

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Author:
Mawad
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300787
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Anatomy- Pelvis Part 3.txt
Updated:
2015-04-14 16:39:58
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anatomy vetmed pelvis
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vetmed pelvis part 3
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  1. In the developing embryo, the ovaries and testis start out start out in the ______________.
    gonadal ridge
  2. In the ruminant, the ovary is associated with the _________ part of the ________________ at the level of the __________.
    ventral; shaft of the ilium; pelvic inlet
  3. In the ruminant, the weight of the gravid uterus will...
    pull the uterus forward.
  4. Ruminant ovaries lack an ______________; ova are release from...
    ovulation fossa; anywhere on the surface of the ovary
  5. In ruminants, the ____________ develops and appears as a prominent bulge on the surface of the ovary.
    corpus luteum
  6. The fimbriae sweep the egg into the ___________; the ovum enters the uterine horn through the ___________. (equine AND ruminant)
    abdominal ostium; uterine ostium
  7. In a ruminant, the free part of each uterine horn is coiled __________ and attached to the _________; the horns are __________ and enclosed in a ___________________.
    ventrally; body; fused; common serosal and muscular coat
  8. The openings of the Gartners ducts are in the ___________.
    vagina
  9. The openings of the Bartholin's glands are in the ___________.
    vestibule
  10. The superficial tissue b/w the horns of the ruminant uterus.
    dorsal and ventral intercornual ligaments
  11. What can you use to help stabilize the uterus during rectal palpation of a bovine?
    intercornual ligament
  12. What are caruncles?
    elevations present on the mucosal surface of the uterus that serve as attachments for the fetal membranes
  13. Describe the ruminant cervical canal.
    it is closed by interlocking circular and longitudinal folds of mucosa and secretion of a mucus plug
  14. How is the fetus mechanically protected from infection?
    internal and external urethral orifices are tightly closed
  15. What is the landmark during rectal palpation of a bovine?
    the firmness and size of the cervix
  16. [Ruminant] The vaginal portion of the cervix protrudes into the __________.
    cranial part of the vagina
  17. [Ruminant] The vaginal mucosa in the cranial region is characterized by ______________ with ____________.
    circular ridge; low longitudinal folds
  18. [Ruminant] Describe the hymen.
    transverse irregular ridge of tissue
  19. [Ruminant] What is the dividing line b/w the vagina and vestibule?
    hymen
  20. [Ruminant] What are Gartner's ducts?
    vestiges of the mesonephric ducts that may form cysts
  21. [Ruminant] Where are the Gartner's ducts located?
    openings may be near the junction of the vagina and vestibule, within the vagina
  22. [Ruminant] What are the major vestibular glands aka? Where are they located?
    Bartholin's glands; openings are caudal and lateral to the external urethral orifice, within the vestibule
  23. [Ruminant] What is the suburethral diverticulum?
    blind end on the floor of the vestibule
  24. Describe the glans of the clitoris in the ruminant?
    located in the floor of the vestibule. inside the labia (not as conspicuous as the horse)
  25. [Ruminant] The ovarian a. originates from the __________ and supplies the...
    aorta; ovary and uterine tube
  26. [Ruminant] What branch does the ovarian a. give off, and what does this branch supply?
    uterine branch of the ovarian a. supplies the tip of the uterine horn
  27. [Ruminant] The largest a. supplying the reproductive tract.
    uterine a.
  28. [Ruminant] The uterine a. originates from...
    the umbilical a., with the umbilical a. from a common stalk off of the internal iliac a., OR off the internal iliac a. alone
  29. [Ruminant] What is fremitus?
    vibration of the uterine a., which is a pathognomonic sign of pregnancy
  30. [Ruminant] What does the uterine a. branch off to? hat does it supply?
    cranial and caudal branches to supply the corresponding segments of the uterus
  31. [Ruminant] The vaginal a. branches off of the ___________ and supplies...
    internal iliac a.; the vaginal and vestibular portions of the tract
  32. [Ruminant] Unlike horses, the ruminant vaginal a. branches from the ____________, whereas in horses, it branches from the ___________.
    internal iliac a.; internal pudendal a.
  33. What is the difference b/w bovine and small ruminant placentomes?
    small ruminant placentomes have a depression/concavity
  34. [Ruminant] The umbilical a. arises from the ___________; it gives rise to [sometimes] ____________.
    internal iliac a.; uterine a.
  35. [Ruminant] The caudal gluteal a. branches from the _____________, which subsequently becomes the ____________.
    internal iliac a.; internal pudendal a.
  36. [Ruminant] In the female, the internal pudendal a. gives rise to...
    vestibular a., ventral perineal a., artery of the clitoris
  37. [Ruminant] In the female, what does the artery of the clitoris give rise to?
    a. of the vestibular bulb, deep a. of the clitoris
  38. [Ruminant] After the ___________ branches off, the internal pudendal a. becomes the __________.
    ventral perineal a.; a. of the clitoris
  39. [Ruminant] What is a placentome?
    locations within the uterus where fetal membranes of the placenta attach; fill the uterine horns during the early weeks of pregnancy
  40. [Ruminant] Each placentome is formed by...
    a maternal caruncle and a fetal cotyledon
  41. [Ruminant] What complication may occur involving the fetal membranes after birth?
    failure of membranes to separate from the caruncles, causing retained placenta

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