With CCL rupture, the degree of lameness _____________ the degree of ligament injury.
does not correlate to
Physical exam findings that are associated with CCL rupture. (5)
disuse muscle atrophy, joint effusion of stifle making patellar tendon indistinct, [chronic injury] periarticular thickening due to fibrosis (medial buttress), crepitus, pain
With a CCL rupture, there is pain on ______________.
If you hear a click or pop with range of motion tests, it suggests _____________________.
medial meniscal bucket-handle tear
The cranial drawer test evaluates whether the ....
proximal tibia can be translated cranially in relation to the distal femur.
Finger positions for the cranial drawer test:
1. patella and lateral fabella
2. tibial crest and fibular head
With a full CCL tear, cranial drawer should be detected with the stifle in....
With a partial tear of the craniomedial band of the CCL, cranial drawer is detected in...
extension and flexion; flexion
The tibial compression/ thrust test mimics _____________ and can lead to _______________ of the proximal tibia with CCL rupture.
weight-bearing; cranial subluxation
To perform a tibial thrust test, the _____________ is flexed to its maximum while the ____________ is kept in a neutral position; flexing the hock in this position will apply tension to the ____________, causing the proximal tibia to thrust with a complete CCL tear.
tibiotarsal joint; stifle; gastrocnemius m.
Definitive radiographic sign to diagnose CCL tear.
cranial subluxation of the tibia seen on lateral radiograph
The earliest radiographic sign of CCL rupture is ______________ within the stifle joint causing cranial displacement of the __________________ and caudal displacement of the _______________.
increase in soft tissue density; infrapatellar fat pad; popliteal fascia
4 conservative treatments of CCL rupture.
restricted activity, anti-inflammatory pain meds, weight management, and chondroprotectives
Surgical technique that involves the intra-articular replacement of the cranial cruciate ligament using a fascial/parapatellar tendon strip.
Surgical technique that provides stability on the outside of the stifle joint capsule, most commonly with the lateral suture technique.
Extracapsular technique in which heavy-gauge suture is passed b/w the lateral fabella and the tibial tuberosity.
Extracapsular technique that moves the insertion of the lateral collateral ligament more cranially.
fibular head transposition
Surgical technique to alter the biomechanical function of the stifle joint.
Three types of osteotomies done to repair CCL tears.