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Who first invented Natural Law?
Aquinas after reading Aristotle
What are the four causes? (in order)
Is Natural Law absolutist or relativist?
Natural Law is an absolutist morality, and must be followed without question in whatever circumstance
How can a good action be defined from the bad under Natural Law?
A good action is one that achieves the purpose for which it was designed
What are the strengths of natural law?
- Based on reason
- Absolutist, meaning easy to apply
What are the weaknesses of natural law?
- Assumes we are all rational human beings
- No account taken of individual circumstances
What is eudaimonia?
What are the four types of law? (in order)
- Eternal Law
- Divine Law
- Natural Law
- Human Law
What is eternal law?
Laws given by God that govern the universe, humans cannot fully understand these
What is divine law?
The law of God as revealed through the Bible
What is natural law?
Morality, using our conscience to make decisions
What is human law?
Everyday laws that govern us, such as the legal system
What is the material cause?
What something is made of
e.g. humans are made of cells
What is the efficient cause?
The reason behind somethings existence
What is the formal cause?
whatever gives matter its form